初二上英语归纳总结(一)

所属专题:初二英语上册知识点  来源:互联网    要点:动词形式的使用  
编辑点评: 英语中,动词的常见形式无非是动词原型(do)、第三人称单数(does)、现在进行式(doing)、过去式(did)和被动式(done)等几种形式。本文将为你总结doing的常见用法,让你在做完型填空、选择题时不再发迷糊!

使用现在分词的几种情况

1.进行时态。如:
He is playing computer games in the room.
They were chatting in the sitting room at nine o'clock last night.

简单的来说,现在分词用作进行时态时,即在be动词(am,is,are或was,were)后面加doing,但需要注意的是,有时be动词后面接动词的被动式,这就需要我们对于语境的正确把握。

2.there be结构。如:
There is a girl dancing on the stage.

意为“有……在做……”,其实这一结构也可以看做第一种情况的一种。

3.介词后面。如:
Thanks for helping me.
Are you good at playing basketball.

4.以下结构中:
enjoy doing sth 乐于做某事

finish doing sth 完成做某事

feel like doing sth 想要做某事

stop doing sth 停止做某事

forget doing sth 忘记做过某事

go on doing sth 继续做某事

remember doing sth 记得做过某事

like doing sth 喜欢做某事

keep sb doing sth 使某人一直做某事

find sb doing sth 发现某人做某

have fun doing sth 做某事充满乐趣

have problem doing sth 做某事有困难

hear/watch sb doing sth 看到/听到/观看某人做某事

try doing sth 试图做某事

need doing sth 需要做某事

prefer doing sth 宁愿做某事

mind doing sth 介意做某事

practice doing sth 练习做某事

be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

can't help doing sth 禁不住做某事

miss doing sth 错过做某事

5.to do vs. doing

(1) forget to do sth 忘记要做某事(还未做)

forget doing sth 忘记做过某事(已做了)

例: He forgot to turning the light when he left the classroom last night. (他昨晚离开教室时忘记关灯了。)

He forgot turning the light when he left the classromm last night. (他忘记他昨晚离开教室时已经把灯关了。)

(2) remember to do sth 记得去做某事(还未做)

remember doing sth 记得做过某事(已做了)

例: Remember to go to the post office after school. (放学后记得去趟邮局。)

I remember going to the post office after schoool. (我记得我放学后去过邮局了。)

以上两个单词都有两种用法,要牢记其不同用法的不同意思,结合语境正确应用。

下面, 让我们做一个题感受一下吧

——The light in the classroom is still on.

——Oh, I forgot _________ .

A. turning it off B. turn it off C. to turn it off D. having turned it off

答案与解析:由第一句可知灯还亮着,那么灯是忘记关了。而forget to do sth意为忘记要做……,所以应当选C,忘记关灯了。

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