初二英语上册知识点总结:反义疑问句

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编辑点评:

The pictures are beautiful, aren’t they? Yes, they are.

It’s a nice day, isn’t it? Yes, it is.

You like sports, don’t you? Yes, I do.

It looks like rain, doesn’t it? No, it doesn’t.

以上疑问句表示说话者对某事已有看法,为了可靠或出于礼貌发问,以求得确切答案,称为反意疑问句。反意疑问句由两个部分组成:陈述句+附加疑问句。

注意:

1.前一部分肯定,后一部分否定;前一部分否定,后一部分肯定。如:

Henry is a good boy, isn’t he?

She cant’ drive, can she?

2.除there be句型之外,疑问句的主语必须与陈述部分的主语在人称、数、性方面保持一致。如:

She went there last Sunday, didn’t she?

Mr. White was careless, wasn’t he?

The kite flies very high, doesn’t it?

They study hard, don’t they?

We won’t go there, will we?

3.如果陈述句有一个助动词(包括情态动词),其疑问句用同一助动词(情态动词)。如:

You can swim, can’t you?

He hasn’t met my sister, has he?

4.当陈述句是“I’m +表语”时,由于“am not”无省略形式,附加疑问句用“aren’t I”代替。如:

I’m late, aren’t I?

I’m a student, aren’t I?

5.当陈述部分是祈使句时,后面的附加疑问句用will you? /won’t you?/can you? /can’t you?祈使句的否定结构后只能用will you? 如:

Open the window, won’t you?

Sit down, can you?

Don’t forget, will you?

6.如果陈述句是there be结构,在附加疑问句中用be not there结构? 如:

There is something wrong, isn’t there?

There won’t be any trouble, will there?

7.当前面的陈述句中有含否定意义的如no, never, hardly等词时,应视为否定句,其后的附加疑问句应用肯定。如:

He has few friends, does he?

You have never been here, have you?

She can hardly write her name, can she?

8.当陈述部分是let’s…时,其后附加疑问句用shall we?

当陈述句部分是let us…时,其后附加疑问句用will you?

Let’s go home together, shall we?

Let us go home, will you?

9.反意疑问句要用yes, no来回答。只要事实是肯定的,用yes;事实是否定的,用no.不管提问时是肯定还是否定。

如:你现在正站着,对下面疑问句的回答完全是一样的。

注意几种时态的区别:

到目前为止,我们已经学习了以下几种时态:

(1)一般现在时:表示经常、反复发生的动作或存在的状态。

We study hard at school every day.

He goes to school by bike.

(2)一般过去时:表示在过去某个时候发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示在过去某段时间里经常发生的习惯性动作。

Did you go there last week?

I went to see my uncle yesterday.

(3)一般将来时:表示在将来会发生的动作或存在的状态。

I’ll come to see you next Sunday.

She is babysitting her sister this weekend.

We are going to Wuhan next Monday.

(4)现在进行时:表示在说话时或现阶段正在发生的动作或存在的状态。

Is she listening to music?

He is having a meeting.

(5)过去进行时:表示在过去某个时间正在发生的动作或存在的状态。

What was she doing when you came in?

They were watching TV when I went into the room.

(6)现在完成时:表示在说话时刚刚结束的某一动作或状态。

I have learned English for 5 years.

Have you ever been to Singapore?

(7)现在完成进行时:表示某一在过去开始,一直延续到现在,有可能刚刚结束,也有可能要继续下去的动作。

We have been skating for two hours.

She has been learning Chinese since she came to China.

注意各种时态的构成形式和不同功能。

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