初二英语教案:Unit7 Living Together

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编辑点评: 在一堂课开始前,我们需要准备教案、备课等等诸多准备工作,只是为能给同学们带来精彩的一课,尽可能将知识传授给同学们。本文是一篇初二英语第七单元 Living Together教案

Unit 7 Living Together

一. 教学内容:


复习Unit 7

二. 教学重点:

1. 复习一般过去时和过去进行时及区别。

2. 反身代词的用法。

3. 频度副词在一般现在时中的应用。

4. 重点词组解析。

三. 具体内容

(一)一般过去时和过去进行时的区别:

1. 一般过去时常表示在过去某时发生的动作或存在的状态(包括过去的习惯动作),常与一般过去时连用的时间状语有:just now, a moment ago, yesterday, last week/month/year, the day before yesterday 及表示过去的时间状语从句。

e.g. I met her in the street the day before yesterday.

Ex. Hangzhou is a nice city. My dad     me there when I was about ten years old.

A. pulled    B. caught    C. took    D. brought

2. 过去进行时常用的时间状语有:at that time/moment, at this time yesterday, at +点钟+yesterday, 时间状语从句。

e.g. What were you doing at seven yesterday?

Ex. I       on the computer when Jim came to see me yesterday evening.

A. draw    B. drew     C. was drawing    D. am drawing

3. 一般过去时往往表示某一动作已经发生,而过去进行时却表示动作在持续。

e.g. She wrote a letter to her friend last night.

She was writing a letter to her friend at nine last night.

Ex. –Why didn’t you give me a phone call?

-- I      . But nobody answered the phone.

A. do    B. did    C. will   D. have

注意:下面几种情况不用一般过去时而要用过去时:

1)表示过去某一阶段的经常性动作。

Tom was studying in Paris last term.

2)与always连用表示赞美,厌烦等感情色彩时。

e.g. John was always coming to school late.

3)用来描写故事发生的情景。

It was a dark night. The wind was blowing hard and the rain was falling heavily. A young man suddenly appeared on the riverbank. He wanted to cross the river.

4)when 作并列连词,表示“这时(突然)”之意时,第一个并列分句用过去进行时,when引导的并列分句用一般过去时。

I was taking a walk when I met him.

5)go, come, leave, start, arrive 等动词可用过去进行时表示过去将来的含义。

I was leaving for Wuhan that day.

Ex. (1)It was warm, so I       (take) off my coat.

    (2)John        (take) a photograph of me while I        (read).

    (3)Jane       (wait) for me when I       (arrive).

    (4)Sue wasn’t hungry, so she         (not eat) anything.

    (5)It was hard work to carry the bags. They        (be) very heavy.

(6)When I was young, I        (want) to be a bus driver.

(二)频度副词在一般现在时中的应用。

表示动作发生的频率程度的副词叫做频度副词,如seldom, always, often, sometimes等。一般常用在一般现在时中,放在be动词,情态动词及第一个助动词之后,实义动词之前。

e.g He is seldom ill.

    You must always remember this.

    Do you usually go to school on foot?

有时为了加强语气,频度副词也可以放在句首。

e.g. Sometimes she goes to school by bus and sometimes she goes to school by bike.

Ex.

1.– Does Liu Hua ever guess the meanings of English words?

    – No, he     guesses the meanings of new words. He uses his dictionary all the time.

A. usually  B. always   C. never   D. sometimes

2. English people       use Mr. Before a man’s first name.

A. never    B. usually    C. often   D. sometimes

3. If you want to learn English well, you must use it as       as possible.

A. often   B. long   C. hard   D. soon

4. She always gets up early and so she is       late for school.

A. sometimes   B. usually   C. never    D. often

5. I       believe what he says.

A. don’t always  B. always don’t    C. not always  D. always not

6. –I hate vegetables. I       eat them.

– But they’re good for your health. You should often eat them.

A. seldom   B. often  C. usually   D. always

7. The sun       rises in the east and sets in the west.

A. never   B. often   C. seldom    D. always

8. –Does Liu Hui do his homework in the afternoon after supper?

–     . He        does his homework after supper.

A. Yes, usually  B. Yes, always    C. Never, always   D. No, sometimes

9. The rich are not      happy.

A. never   B. sometimes    C. usually    D. always

10. She always finishes her homework on time. She       leaves it for tomorrow.

A. never   B. sometimes    C. usually    D. seldom

(三)反身代词的用法三忌。

  1. 反身代词不能表示“某人的(东西)”之意,因为反身代词没有所有格形式,不能作定语。表示“某人自己的”,须用one’s own.

e.g. I saw the accident with myself eyes.(F)

I saw the accident with my own eyes.(T)

2. 反身代词不能作主语,但可以作主语的同位语,起强调作用。

Herself is a teacher.(F)

She herself is a teacher.(T)

3. 反身代词作宾语同位语时,只能放在宾语之后,做主语同位语时既可放在主语之后也可放在句末。当主语和宾语在人称,数和性别方面相同时,反身代词只能放在主语之后,否则,强调的重点将发生转移。

e.g. He himself went to see the artist.(F)

He went to see the artist himself.(T)

有用的词组:

teach oneself 自学        enjoy oneself 玩得高兴     help oneself 随便吃

say to oneself 自言自语    hurt oneself 伤着自己      dress oneself 自己穿衣

by oneself 独自地         for oneself 为自己

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