【双语】世界各地“教师节”由来,你都晓得吗?

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编辑点评: 暑假很快就要过去,新学期就在我们面前!教师节也随之就要来了。在世界范围内,教师节是广受国际重视的日子,跟其他的国际节日一样,有意思的是,世界各地的教师节并不在同一天纪念。这你知道吗?

Teachers Day is, interestingly, not observed on the same day all over the world. It is perhaps one of those few days which has a separate international day whose importance is superseded by the nationally observed day.
在世界范围内,教师节是广受国际重视的日子,跟其他的国际节日一样,有意思的是,世界各地的教师节并不在同一天纪念。

Taking a look at Teachers Day as it is celebrated across the world, in some countries it is marked by a holiday, in others it is a working day.
在世界范围内来审视教师节,一些国家把它作为一个节日,而另一些国家就是一个普通的工作日。

International Teachers Day as observed by UNESCO is October 5. Being held ever since 1994, it commemorates teachers' organisations worldwide. Its aim is to mobilise support for teachers and to ensure that the needs of future generations will continue to be met by teachers.
世界教科文组织以10月5日为国际教师节。自1994年以来,都用于纪念世界范围内的教师组织。目的是为教师们争取支持,并确保未来孩子的需要能得到满足。

China -Teachers Day was founded at the National Central University in 1931. It was adopted by the central government of the Republic of China, in 1932. In 1939, the day was set for August 27, Confucius' birthday. The People's Republic of China government abrogated it in 1951. It was reestablished in 1985, and the day was changed to September 10. Now more and more people are trying to revert the day back to Confucius's birthday.
中国——教师节是1931年由国立中央大学设立的,1932年由中华民国中心政府采用。1939年,又把教师节定位8月27日,也就是孔子的生日。1951年中华人民共和国废除了这一规定。1985年又重新设定教师节为每年的9月10日。现在越来越多的人希望将教师节改为孔子诞辰日。

India- Teachers Day is celebrated on September 5 in honour of Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, the second president of India, whose birthday falls that day.
印度——教师节是每年的9月5日,来纪念印度的第二任主席拉达克里希博士的出生。

Russia- In Russia, Teachers Day was celebrated on the first Sunday of October, between 1965 and 1994. Since 1994, the day is observed on the October 5, coinciding with World Teachers Day.
俄罗斯——在俄罗斯,教师节在1965到1994年间被定为十月的第一个周日。1994年后,俄罗斯的教师节就改为与世界教师节同步,即10月5日。

The US- In the US, Teachers Day is a non-official holiday. It is observed on the Tuesday of the first full week of May. The day is celebrated with pomp and gaiety. A number of activities are organised in schools to honour teachers. The celebrations can continue for the entire week of May.
美国——在美国,教师节被定位五月的第一个完整工作周的周二,为非官方假期。节日通常是在一片欢乐的盛况中度过。很多的协会组织在学校对老师进行表彰,这一盛况甚至持续一整周。

Thailand- In Thailand, National Teachers Day is celebrated every year on January 16. The day was adopted as Teachers Day in the island nation by a resolution of the government on November 21, 1956. The first Teachers Day was held in 1957. The day is declared as a holiday in schools.
泰国——泰国的国家教师节被定在每年的2月16日,这是由一项在1956年11月21日通过的政府决议规定的。1957年泰国人庆祝了第一个教师节。在泰国,教师节作为学校的节日来庆祝。

Iran- In Iran, Teachers Day is celebrated on May 2. It commemorates the assassination of Iranian professor Ayatollah Morteza Motahhari. The renowned writer, a timeless teacher, was executed on May 2, 1980. On the day, students offer flowers to teachers to honour the sacred profession.
伊朗——在伊朗,教师节是5月2日。它是为了纪念刺杀伊朗教授阿亚图拉莫尔塔扎。一个永恒的老师和著名作家,1980年5月2日被处决。当天,学生向教师敬献鲜花,以赞扬教师们这项神圣的职业。

Turkey- In Turkey, Teachers Day is celebrated on November 24. Turkey's first president Kemal Ataturk dedicated November 24 to honour teachers and their profession. There is no holiday on this day.
土耳其——在土耳其,教师节是11月24日。土耳其第一任总统凯末尔专用11月24日来表彰教师和他们的职业。这一天也是不放假的。

Malaysia- May 16 is dedicated to teachers in Malaysia. The day is celebrated as Teachers Day in the country with great enthusiasm. The day is called "Hari Guru" in Malaysia and is a working day.
马来西亚——5月16日是马来西亚的教师。教师节这一天,全国上下都以极大的热情来庆祝。在马来西亚,这一天被称为“哈日宗师”,同时这也是马来西亚的一个正常工作日。

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