各国圣诞习俗之波兰【双语】

所属专题:圣诞节  来源:互联网    要点:圣诞习俗  
编辑点评: 叮叮叮,圣诞节要到啦~大多数人对英美加这些国家如何过圣诞都很熟悉。它们的圣诞习俗大同小异,包括圣诞老人在点亮的圣诞树下放上礼物。但是你曾想过中国、芬兰这些国家是如何庆祝圣诞的吗?不管你是有兴趣了解其他文化,还是想为自己的圣诞庆祝添点新花样,这篇文章将给你所有“必知”的不同国家的圣诞知识。

Poland
波兰



For Poles, Christmas Eve is a night of magic when animals are said to talk and people have the power to predict the future. It’s a time for families to gather and reconcile any differences, and to remember loved ones who have gone before them.
对于波兰人来说,平安夜是充满魔力的一夜。据说动物在这一夜可以与人说话,而人有预测未来的能力。家人们会在平安夜团聚一堂,调和矛盾,并怀念过世的亲人。

Wigilia (vee-GEEL-yah), which literally means "vigil," or waiting for the birth of Baby Jesus, is considered more important than Christmas Day itself.
对波兰人来说,“守夜”或“等待婴孩耶稣的诞生”(Wigilia)比圣诞节那一天更重要。


Wigilia is a meatless meal because, years ago, Roman Catholics fasted for the four weeks of Advent, including Christmas Eve. In the past there were thirteen main dishes (representing the Apostles and Christ), but, these days, many families have replaced this tradition with a twelve-fruit compote for dessert.
“守夜”晚餐是素食,因为多年前,罗马天主教徒在降临节四周一直到平安夜都斋戒。过去晚餐有13道主菜(代表耶稣和他的使徒)。但是如今许多家庭转而选择12样水果的果盘甜点。


The foods are to represent the four corners of the earth -- mushrooms from the forest, grain from the fields, fruit from the orchards, and fish from the lakes and sea.
食物代表地球的天涯海角——蘑菇来自于森林,谷物来自于田地,水果来自于果园,而鱼来自于湖海。


Meals vary from family to family but usually include a special soup followed by many elegant fish preparations, vegetables, and pierogi.
每家的饭菜都不同,但通常都包括一种特制的汤,还有许多精致的鱼肉餐、蔬菜和半圆形小酥饼。

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最新2018圣诞习俗信息由沪江中学学科网提供。

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