各国圣诞习俗之西班牙【双语】

所属专题:圣诞节  来源:互联网    要点:圣诞习俗  
编辑点评: 叮叮叮,圣诞节要到啦~大多数人对英美加这些国家如何过圣诞都很熟悉。它们的圣诞习俗大同小异,包括圣诞老人在点亮的圣诞树下放上礼物。但是你曾想过中国、芬兰这些国家是如何庆祝圣诞的吗?不管你是有兴趣了解其他文化,还是想为自己的圣诞庆祝添点新花样,这篇文章将给你所有“必知”的不同国家的圣诞知识。

Spain
西班牙



Spain’s celebrations vary greatly depending on the region. In the Basque regions, the Santa role is filled by Olentzero, a fat man in a beret who smokes a pipe. He used to be an enforcer against naughty children who was said to throw a sickle down the chimney to cut the throats of kids who didn’t sleep. Nowadays though, he is a positive character like Santa that only brings good presents.
西班牙的庆祝风俗不同地区大不相同。在斯巴达地区,圣诞老人名叫奥林泽罗(Olentzero),是一个戴着四角帽、抽着大烟斗的胖老人。他过去的职责是惩罚淘气包,据说他会从烟囱里扔下镰刀,切断不睡觉的小孩的喉咙。但如今,他是像圣诞老人那样只带来好礼物的正面形象。


In the Catalan region, families “feed” a little log called a “Caga tio” every night from the 8th to the 23rd. On Christmas Eve, the family hits the log with a stick to release sweet treats that have been hidden in his hollow center. If you hadn’t guessed yet, “Caga tio” translates to “pooping log.”
在加泰罗尼亚地区,人们会从12月8号到23号一直“喂食”一块叫“察加蒂奥”(Caga tio)的原木。在平安夜,他们会用棍子敲这块原木,让藏在中空的木头中的糖果掉出来。如果你还未猜出“察加蒂奥”什么意思,它字面翻译就是“排便原木”。


The celebration ends when the log poops out something decidedly not sweet, usually a dried herring, an onion or a head of garlic. Catalans must enjoy poop jokes because aside from their pooping log, they also celebrate with a “Caganer,” a nativity scene character that is seen to be pooping in the corner of the scene.
庆祝活动的结尾就是“原木‘排’出不甜的东西,往往是干鲱鱼、洋葱或蒜头”。加泰罗尼亚人一定很享受“大便”笑话,因为除了“排便原木”,他们还庆祝一个基督诞生场景中的人物(Caganer),据说他被看到在场景的一角拉大便。

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最新2018圣诞习俗信息由沪江中学学科网提供。

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