美国时代周刊高频词汇1000:Chapter1 简易词 形容词、副词(3)

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编辑点评: TIME Key Words 1000 六大特色1.超权威 全球最权威新闻杂志《TIME》独家授权编辑出版 2超能力 总主笔为托福满分(677分)世界纪录保持人,GRE词汇(720分)领先全球华人 3.超关键由1990~1997年《时代杂志》,以电脑分析挑选出1048个最具关键性的重要单词,以《TIME》的原文为例句详加讲解 4.超高分 国内考试(高考、研究生、求职、晋级)轻取英文高分;留学考试(托福、GRE、GMAT)自1998年全面实施电脑测验; 《TIME单挑1000》字字都是电脑测验的必考单词;(熟读本书保证听力、单词、阅读得高分) 5.超阅读 掌握《TIME单挑1000》,从英文报刊开启世界之窗,终生享受阅读乐趣

Chapter1 简易词 形容词、副词(3)

hostile [ˋhɑstl] adj. 带敌意的 【同】antagonistic 【反】receptive
Unlike most baseball-playing countries, Cuba has no professional league to cream off its top talent, and hostile relations with Washington keep its elite from migrating to the U.S. major league.
(TIME, Feb.5, 1996, p.13)
古巴与大部分棒球国家不同,它没有职业棒球联盟,所以不愁顶尖高手被挖角。它与华盛顿交恶,所以棒球精英也不会移民去打美国甲级联盟。
█ to cream off…挑出(最好的部分),提取(精华)
immense [ɪˋmɛns] adj. 巨大的 【同】enormous
His influence in the 1980s was so immense that Taiwanese distributors once asked a Hong Kong director if there was a role in a film for Chow Yun-fat, and if there wasn’t, they’d commit to a deal. (TIME, May 6, 1996, p.62)
周润发在80年代的影响力非常大,过去台湾的片商曾问某香港导演,某部电影中有没有周润发的角色,如果没有,他们要求替他写一个角色进去,否则生意免谈。
█ to commit (oneself) to…答应,保证
imminent [ˋɪmənənt] adj. 迫近的,即将发生的
The time will come when the U.S. will subside to become but one of many Great Powers. It is inevitable, but it is not imminent. (TIME, Aug.4, 1997, p.21)
美国终有一日会衰退成众多强权中的一员。那是必然的,可是却不会很快来临。
█ subside v. 消退
inaugural [ɪnˋɔɡjərəl] adj. 就职的
After the oath, he gave an inaugural address designed to reach out to all Americans, to rally the nation to work together for a great common future. (TIME, Jan.16, 1995, p.24)
宣誓后,他发表了以全体美国人为对象的就职演说,呼吁全体国人团结起来,为大家伟大的未来一起努力。
indifferent [ɪnˋdɪfrənt] adj. 漠不关心的 【反】concerned
Chechen militiamen hiding around the corner are indifferent to the Russian’s fate.
(TIME, Jan.16, 1995, p.46)
潜伏在附近的车臣民兵对俄罗斯人的命运一点也不关心。
█ around the corner 在近处的,即将发生的
intact [] adj. 完好如初的 【同】in one piece
But psychologists, psychiatrists and other scientists are bitterly divided over the idea that the memory of repeated abuse can be completely wiped out and then recovered, virtually intact.
(TIME, Apr.17, 1995, p.54)
但一再受虐的遭遇是否可自记忆中完全排除,进而完全康复,与受害前几乎没有两样,对这一点在心理学家、精神学家和其他科学家中存在着巨大的分歧。
lingering [lɪŋgərɪŋ] adj. 流连不去的
What remains largely unspoken is the lingering hope that such a mission might experience, somewhere beneath the desolate Martian surface, a close encounter with organisms that are alive today. (TIME, Aug.19, 1996, p.44)
而尚未说出口的宿愿,就是希望这一项任务可以在火星荒芜的地表下,与现在还活着的生物进行近距离接触。
mean [min] adj. 卑劣的
This bill is mean. It is downright low-down. What does it profit a great nation to conquer the world, only to lose its soul? (TIME, Aug.12, 1996, p.25)
这个提案太卑鄙了,简直是无耻透顶。这么打大的国家如果失去了灵魂,就算征服了全世界又有什么用?
█ downright adv. 十足地,彻头彻尾的;
   low-down adj. (口语)低贱的,卑鄙的
mutual [mjutʃʊəl] adj. 相互的,共有的
“That audience was amazing,” he says. “They were so sweet. They were bathing us in affection.” To prove the feeling is mutual, he heads back out into the spotlight. (TIME, Nov.11, 1996, p.16)
“那些观众真是令人惊讶。”他说道,“他们太可爱了,让我们沐浴在热情中。”为了表示这种热情是相互的,他转身走回聚光灯下。
namely [ˋnemlɪ] adv. 即,就是 【同】that is
Namely, he fails to take into account Quittner’s Law, which says: It is impossible to pay less than $3000 for this year’s computer. (TIME, Nov.11, 1996, p.26)
这个错误就是,他没有把奎特纳定律考虑进去,这条定律就是:少于3000美元买不到今年生产的电脑。
obscure [əbˋskjʊr] adj. 默默无闻的 【同】unknown
He’d met Marc Andreessen, who as an undergraduate programmer had helped create the then obscure browsing software Mosaic, which made it easy to navigate the World Wide Web.
(TIME, June 17, 1996, p.16)
他和马克•安德里森见了面,安德里森在大学读电脑时,帮忙设计了当时尚默默无闻的“马赛克”浏览软件,可在万维网中轻松寻找资讯。
obsolete [ˋɑbsəˏlit] adj. 落伍的,过时的 【同】outdated
Indeed, your average computer is virtually obsolete by the time it is skipped from the factory to the retail store. (TIME, Nov.11, 1996, p.16)
实际上,一般的电脑从工厂送到零售店的时候,可以说已经过时了。
ominous [ˋɑmənəs] adj. 不吉祥的,不详的 【同】meanacing
Observers are not surprised that business is flourishing despite the ominous political situation.
(TIME, Feb.12, 1996, p.18)
尽管政治形势恶劣,观察家对经贸如此蓬勃发展并不意外。
ostensibly [ɑsˋtɛnsəblɪ] adv. 表面上
At 3:33 a.m., it touched down at Marseilles, ostensibly for a refueling stop.
(TIME, Jan.9, 1955, p.54)
凌晨3点33分,这艘船停靠马赛港,表面上是为了添加燃料。
outspoken [aʊtˋspokən] adj. 率直的,不客气的 【同】forthright
When he (Magic Johnson) tried to make a comeback in the fall of ’92, the fears of some outspoken N.B.A. players forced him to call it off. (TIME, Feb.12, 1996, p.39)
1992年秋季魔术师的约翰逊想重返N.B.A.,但由于一些直言不讳的球员(怕被染上艾滋病),使他打消了这个念头。
█ comeback n. 东山再起,卷土重来
pending [ˋpɛndɪŋ] adj. 审理中的,悬而未决的;即将发生的
According the chairman, there are dozens of suits pending against the company.
(TIME, June 5, 1995, p.46)
根据该总裁的说法,该公司现有数十个正审理中的官司缠身。
perpetual [pɚˋpɛtʃʊəl] adj. 永久的 【同】permanent continual
California, locked in a perpetual automotive smog, requires that by 2003, 10% of the cars offered for sale in the state produce zero emissions… (TIME, Sept.23, 1996, p.41)
为永久不散的汽车污染烟雾所苦的加利福尼亚州,强制要求在公元2003年前,在州内销售的汽车有10%完全不排放废气。
persistent [] adj. 固执的,顽固的
A small but persistent group of critics, many of them supported by the oil and coal industries, still don’t buy it. (TIME, July 8, 1996, p.41)
有一群人数不多但固执己见的批评者,还是不信这一套,这些人中有很多受到是由业主和煤矿业主的支持。
persuasive [pɚˋswesɪv] adj. 有说服力的
Could it be that religious faith has some direct influence on physiology and health? Harvard’s Herbert Benson is probably the most persuasive proponent of this view.
(TIME, June 24, p.40)
宗教信仰可能对生理和健康有直接的影响?哈佛的赫伯特•本森大概是这理论最具说服力的提倡者。
pervasive [pɚˋvesɪv] adj. 遍布的
The local U.S. attorney, Eddie Jordan, has called corruption in the (police) department “pervasive, rampant and systemic.” (TIME, Mar.20, 1995, p.45)
当地的美国律师乔丹就曾说过,该警察局内“贪污成风,非常猖獗,而且整个警局已成贪污共同体。”
█ systemic adj. (毒物、疾病等)影响全身的
phony [fonɪ] adj. 伪造的
A police raid on a Tokyo trading company netted 2000 pieces of counterfeit Nike merchandise, including phony Air Maxes. (TIME, Oct.7, 1996, p.12)
警方突袭东京一贸易公司,搜出2000件耐克产品的赝品,其中包括Air Maxes运动鞋的仿冒品。
█ net v. 捕获; counterfeit adj. 伪造的
poignant [ˋpɔɪnjənt] adj. 尖刻的,切中要害的;辛酸感人的 【同】moving
That’s sort of a poignant irony. (TIME, Feb.20, 1995, p.38)
那段话有点尖刻的讽刺味。
█ to be sort of 有几分,有点……
preliminary [prɪˋlɪməˏnɛrɪ] adj. 初步的
The American Society of Travel Agents said in a preliminary estimate that as many as 10000 of its 25000 members could be put out of business. (TIME, Feb.27, 1995, p.47)
美国旅行社协会初步判断,该协会2.5万家会员社中可能有1万家得关门。
previous [ˋprivɪəs] adj. 先前的
But it is known that Senator Kennedy gave a toast more poignant than the one the previous evening. (TIME, Oct.7, 1996, p.42)
但听说肯尼迪参议员的敬酒词比前一晚的更加辛酸感人。
primary [ˋpraɪˏmɛrɪ] adj. 最初的,原始的,主要的
Sigmund Freud dismissed religious mysticism as “infantile helplessness” and “regression to primary narcissism.” (TIME, June 24, 1996, p.39)
弗洛伊德曾将宗教神秘主义斥为“幼稚的无能”和“退化到原始的自恋”。
█ regression n. 倒退、退化
profound [prəˋfaʊnd] adj. 1. 重大的,深刻的 2. (理念、作品、人)深奥的,思想渊博的
【同】 1. great 2. deep 【反】shallow
By creating breakthroughs in agriculture and disease-fighting, the manipulation of DNA should lead to profound improvements in human health. (TIME, July 17, 1995, p.40)
通过在农业与疾病防治方面的突破,对DNA的控制应能大幅度改善人类健康状况. 

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