美国时代周刊高频词汇1000:Chapter4 普通词 形容词、副词(1)

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编辑点评: TIME Key Words 1000 六大特色1.超权威 全球最权威新闻杂志《TIME》独家授权编辑出版 2超能力 总主笔为托福满分(677分)世界纪录保持人,GRE词汇(720分)领先全球华人 3.超关键由1990~1997年《时代杂志》,以电脑分析挑选出1048个最具关键性的重要单词,以《TIME》的原文为例句详加讲解 4.超高分 国内考试(高考、研究生、求职、晋级)轻取英文高分;留学考试(托福、GRE、GMAT)自1998年全面实施电脑测验; 《TIME单挑1000》字字都是电脑测验的必考单词;(熟读本书保证听力、单词、阅读得高分) 5.超阅读 掌握《TIME单挑1000》,从英文报刊开启世界之窗,终生享受阅读乐趣

Chapter4 普通词 形容词、副词(1)
acute (a.).1(感觉)强烈的,(事态)严重的;2(视觉 嗅觉等)敏锐的 同1.severe 2.keen
In the past, the(Mexican)ruling classes emphasized our acute differences with the Anglo-Saxons in order to affirm our separate identity.
过去(墨西哥)统治阶级刻意强调我们与盎格鲁一撒克逊人之间强烈不同之处。以确立我们本身与众不同的民族特性。
affable (a.)和蔼可亲的 同amicable
Indeed,Clinton was more than conciliatory when he met with Gingrich on Thursday and the new Speaker was affable in return.
的确,星期四克林顿与金里奇会面时显露十足和解之意,而金里奇这位新上任的众院议长,也投桃报李,友善相待。
affiliated (a.)(与某较大组织) 有紧密关系的,附属〔某较大组织〕的
Games’ sponsor Visa International and three affiliated banks are using Atlanta as a beachhead for the introduction to the U.S. of smart cards an electronic substitute for cash.
奥运赞助商维萨卡国际机构与3家合作银行,正利用亚待兰大作为在美国发行智能卡的立足点,以电子货币替代现金交易。
•beachhead(n.)滩头阵地,立足点
aggressive (a.)富有略性的,挑衅的同belligerent
Says farmer Secretary of Defense Caspar Weinberger:”Their whole foreign policy has turned suddenly much more aggressive,and that bodes no good for the nature of any people.”
前国防部长温伯格说:” 他们的外交政策突然整个变得更富侵略性,这对任何民族天性来说都不会有好结果。 “
allegedly (adv.)据称,据说, (证据不足的情况下) 遭指控地
Hard Rock creator Peter Morton sued Earl for allegedly purloining Hard Rock business plans. The issue was settled without a trial.
硬石餐厅的创办人彼得•摩顿控告厄尔,称其偷取硬石的营业计划。这件案子已在庭外和解。
•purloin (v.)偷
aloft (adv.)在高处,在空中
The bronze sculpture depict a man holding a pipe aloft as an offering to the Great Spirit.
这件铜雕表现一个将烟斗高高直举起,以供奉“大神“〔北美某些印第安部落崇拜的神抵〕的男子。
alternate (a.)交替的,替代的
The opposition says the government should concentrate on alternate energy sources and restrict the growth of industries like petrochemicals that consume a lot of energy.
反对党说政府应专注于开发替代能源土,并且应该限制消耗大量能源的工业如石化业之增长。
ambivalent(a.)感觉矛盾的
Gates is ambivalent about his celebrity.
对于自己声名大噪,盖茨的感情是矛盾的
assorted(a.)各式各样的同various
His personal arsenal,including a Czech machine gun and assorted pistols,shotguns and Rifles, was stashed in the trunk of his car.
他个人的式器,包括一支捷克制机枪 各式各样的手枪 猎枪 步枪,全藏在车子的行李厢里。
•arsenal(n.)储藏的武器stash (v.)藏放
audacious(a.)大胆的同daring
Last year,after months of deliberation,Collins left his faculty post at the University of Michigan Medical School to lead the Human Genome Project,an audacious effort to decipher the complete genetic script contained inhuman cells.
去年,科林斯经数月的考虑.决定辞掉在密歇根大学医学院的职务,前往主持人类基因组工程,这是一项大胆的工程,其宗旨是解读出人类细胞中的全部遗传信息。
•decipher(v.)译解(密码)
austere (a.)(人)严肃的,(东西 生活)朴实的
The Puppet master(1993)and last year's Good Men Good Women,with their austere poignancies,played all the best festivals,though they remain a coterie taste.
《戏梦人生》与去年的《好男好女》,以朴素而尖锐的风格打进各大影展,然而这些影片仍只有少数内行人能欣赏。
•poignancy (n)尖锐,深刻Coterie ( n.)(具排他性的)小圈圈,集团.
avant-garde(a.)前卫的
Kosuke Tsumura,another Miyake student,launched his K-Zelle line in 1992 and two years later debuted in Paris with avant-garde Mad Max costume.
三宅一生另一个徒弟津村小介于1992年推出了K-Zelle系列,两年后首次在巴黎推出前卫的《冲锋飞车队》服装展。
benevolent (a.)仁慈的
Ruthless company-downsizing drives and continued layoffs,coupled with rising pay for top managers,have made their bosses look a good deal less benevolent.
无情的公司缩编举措,不断的解雇员工,加上付给高层经理人员的薪资节节上涨,使得他们的老板看起来不再那么慈祥。
•layoff (n.)解雇;a goad deal 常,极其
bewildered (a.)迷惑的,张惶失措的同perplexed
One thing that has observers bewildered is how the White House, could have put forward Foster’s nomination without getting the abortion issue squared away in advance.
令观察家莫名其妙一点是,白宫敢提名福斯特,却不事先解决堕胎议题。
•to square away把(难题)处理掉;摆平(以放手进行其他事)
bizarre (a.)怪异的同weird
Floods.Droughts.Hurricane.Twisters.Are all the bizarre weather extremes we’ve been having lately normal fluctuations in the planet's atmospheric systems?
洪水.干旱,飓风,龙卷风。究竟这些近来我们看到的怪异气候极端现象是不是地球大气系统的正常变化?
•extremes (n.)(行为 情报上的)极端;fluctuation (n.)(气候 市价等的)变动
blatant(a.)大刺刺的,极明显的,公然的
What the network didn’t know--and didn’t bother to find out --was that Jammal was a hoaxer and that large segments of its program were based on blatant and ludicrous pseudoscience.
该电视台所不知道的 也未曾特意去探究的,就是詹玛尔是个骗子,而且该电视台的节目大部分都是根据明显的,可笑的伪科学来制作的。
blue-chip (a.)(在同行业中)最获利的,最赚钱的
Such entreaties(to safeguard the patents of manufacturers) have become essential for Americans blue-chip companies as they charge into the vast markets of China and its East Asian neighbors.
恳求保护其产品专利权,已经成为美国绩优公司挺进中国及其东亚邻国广大市场时,必然要做的事。
•entreaty (r.)恳求,乞求,Charge (v.)冲锋,向前冲
capricious (a.)1(性情)善变的,反复无常的;2(事物)变化无常的同impulsive mercurial同unpredictable反dependable
Earthquakes…are capricious beasts ruled by what physicists refer to as nonlinear dynamics,which means precise forecasting of when and where they will occur is impossible.
地震是变化莫测的凶残杀手,受物理学家所谓的非线性力学的支配,这表示要精确预测地震将于何时何地发生是不可能为事。
•nonlinear(a.)非线性的
chronic (a.).1(疾病)慢性的;2(行为 恶习)习以为常的,积习成癖的同persistent同habitual
Psychiatrists stress,however,that a few injections of medication and some sessions with a psychotherapist are just the beginning. Pedophilia is a chronic disorder.
然而心理学家强调,药物注射及与心理治疗师交谈不过是个开始,因为恋童癖是种慢性病。
•pedophilia(n)恋童癖
compatible (a.)相容的,兼容的 反incompatible
No one except Microsoft executives disputes the fact that Microsoft is,in fact,a monopoly at least in IBM-compatible computer-operating systems. Some 8 out of 10 desktop computers run the Microsoft software.
事实上,微软公司至少垄断了与IBM兼容的电脑操作系统,这一点除了微软的各主管,没人会有异议。10台台式电脑中约有8台是用微软的软件在操作
•dispute〔v.)(对事实等)怀疑.持异议
compelling (a.)极吸引人的,令人无法抗拒的
Winfrey,42,had a troubled childhood,but her genius was to realize that those troubles and similar ones experienced by ordinary people all over America -- could make for compelling television.
42岁的温弗里童年并不愉快,但是她的天分在于能意识到她的问题,以及全美普通百姓面临的类似问题,都可以成为精彩感人的电视题材。
complacent (a.)自满的
That does not mean that the people of Kwangju are growing complacent or law enforcement agencies less vigilant.
这并不代表光州人民已志得意满,也不代表执法当局放松了警戒心。
•vigilant (a.)提防的,带戒心的
confidential(a.)机密的反public
Although labeled “privileged and confidential,”copies of the telephone survey are mysteriously ending up in the hands of reporters and environmentalists in both Alabama and Missouri.
这份电话问卷的副本虽己注明”仅供特定人士观看,机密”,但神不知鬼不觉,最后仍落入亚拉巴马与密苏里两州的记者与环保人士手中。
•Privileged( a.)仅供少数人知道的,机密的;to end up.最后变成
congenial (a.)(人)意气相投的;(环境)令人愉快的同agreeable
If we really mean to lead,and to bring about a world more or less congenial to us,we should stop pretending that we can do the job on the cheap and by remote control.
如果我们〔美国)真有意领导世界,并使世界变得多少令人顺眼一些,那就不要再欺骗自己说这件工作不必花大钱,远远地发号施令就可以做到。
Consistent(a.)前后一致的
TIME--CNN polls have shown a consistent majority of voters---56% VS.34%in last week's survey favoring creation of a full-fledged new party.
对于成立另一个正式政党,TIME与CNN合作的多项民意调查一致显示有过半数选民同意,如上周的调查即是56%鲜赞成, 34%反对。
Conspicuous (a.)显著的 反inconspicuous
But the White House sees any conspicuous effort to placate Jackson as dangerous to its efforts to win back disaffected white moderates.
但白宫认为任柯大张旗鼓安抚杰克逊的举措,都不利于白宫挽那些对政府不满的温和派白人的心。
•placate(v.)安抚;disaffected (a.)(对政府等)不满的 

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