初三英语教案:Unit13 Rainy days make me sad

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Unit 13 Rainy days make me sad.
一 . [话题](
Topic) Talk about how things affect you.
二 .[重点词组](Key Phrases)
make me sad,keep out,learn from,make sb. do,more than,for instance,help…to do,so that,have sale,less than
三 .[交际用语]
1. Loud music makes me tense.
2. Loud music makes me want to dance.
3. That movie made me sad.
4. Why don’t we get something to eat?
5. So am I. / So do I.
6. Waiting for my friends makes me hungry.
7. The color red makes people hungry.
8. It tastes terrible.
四. [重点难点释义](Language Points)
Section A:
1. Rainy days make me sad.  雨天让我感到悲伤。
rainy  adj.  多雨的
例如:
the rainy season 雨季
rain  n.   雨
例如:
The crops need rain. 庄稼需要雨水。
rain  v.   下雨
例如:
It began to rain hard. 开始下大雨了。
make的用法
(1) make +n.
例如:
make food    做饭
make a plane   做飞机
make the bed    铺床
make money    赚钱
(2). make sb./sth. + adj. 使某人(感到),使……处于某种状态
make的宾语之后可跟名词,形容词,分词来充当宾语的补足语
1)名词作make的宾语补足语
例如:
The party made her a good teacher. 党把她培养成为一名好教师.
名词作宾补
2)形容词作make的宾语补足语
例如:
Soccer makes me crazy.       足球使我疯狂。
The soft music makes Tina sleepy. 轻柔的音乐使Tina快睡着了。
Loud music makes me tense.        过大声音的音乐使我紧张
Loud music makes her happy.
Loud music makes them energetic.  过大声音的音乐使他觉得精力充沛。
It made her sad.                  这使她感到难过。
Waiting for her made me angry.    我很生气一直等着她。
可用到的形容词有:
happy,pleased,surprised,angry,annoyed,sad,upset,unhappy,worried,anxious,
excited,relaxed,stressed out,tense,calm,scared,comfortable,sick …
3)分词作make的宾语补足语
例如:
I made myself understood by all the students.
You must make yourself respected.
There was so much noise,the speaker couldn’t make himself   .(C)
A. hearing
B. to hear
C. heard
D. being heard
(3). make sb. / sth. + do …使某人做某事(不能带不定式符号to)
例如:
Wars make the peace go away.
战争使和平远离。
The color red makes people want to eat faster.
红色使人们吃得更快些。
注意:
当make 用于被动语态时,必须带不定式符号to.
例如:
We were made to work all night.          我们被迫日夜工作。
I was made to repeat the story.          我被迫重述这个故事。
People who won’t should be made to work.不愿劳动者应被强制劳动.
(4) make it  习惯用语,及时赶到,到达目的地
I just made it to my class. (Unit 9)我恰好赶到班级。(arrived in time)
I’m sorry I missed your concert,but I was out of town and couldn’t make it.
很遗憾错过你的音乐会,但我当时不在而且不能及时赶回来。
(5) make of /from./out of
Make of 当原材料制成成品后,原材料未经任何化学变化,仍保持原有性质.
例如:
The chair is made of wood.
At first people believed that air was made of only one gas.
Make from  当原材料制成成品后,经过了化学变化,失去了原有性质.
(6) make up of 常用于被动结构:be made up of相当于consist of(由……组成)
A car is made up of many different parts.
make up from 由…..所制造
She wore a necklace made up from gold coins. 她戴着一串有金币制成的项链.
2. I'd rather go to the Blue Lagoon Restaurant because I like to listen to
quiet music while I'm eating.  我宁愿去蓝湖餐厅,因为我吃饭时喜欢听轻柔的音乐。
(1)rather 原意为相当,为副词如:It's rather cold today. 今天相当冷。
rather常与would连用,宁可,宁愿,还是……好些
例:
I'd rather play tennis than swim.  我不想游泳,我宁愿去打网球。
(2)lagoon  n.. 环礁湖,咸水湖。
3. They also have to know how to make money.  他们还必须知道如何赚钱。
(1)Know how to do 其中的不定式带有疑问词。
know what to do 知道做什么。这一句式可以改为复合句,上句也可为:
They also have to know how they can make money.
又如:Please tell me when we should leave. =Please tell me when to leave.
请告诉我什么时候离开。
(2)make money / earn money 挣钱
例:
His father makes /earns a lot of money as a pilot.
他父亲当飞机驾驶员挣钱很多。
4. Soft colours like pink and light blue make people relaxed,so they spend
more time eating their meals.柔和的颜色如粉红色和浅蓝色让人们得到放松,因此他们用更多的时间来进餐。
(1)like 介词
比如像……,诸如……
例如:
There are several people interested,like Mrs. Jones and Dr.Simpson.
有几个人与此事有关,比如像琼斯太太,辛普森医生。
同……一样
例如:
She’s very like her mother. 她很像她的母亲。
What’s your new job like?  你的新工作怎么样?
(2)light blue 浅蓝色
light  adj. 浅色的
light green curtains 浅绿色的窗帘
deep  adj. 颜色深的, 浓重的。
The sky was deep blue. 天空是深蓝色的。
(3)spend time (in) doing sth.. 花时间做某事
spend money on sth.. 花钱在……方面。
We spent a pleasant hour or two talking with our friends.
我们和朋友愉快地交谈了一两个小时。
They spend a lot of money on advertising. 他们在广告上花了大量的钱。
5. It makes me want to join a clean-up campaign. 这让我想加入一次清扫大运动。
(1)join加入军队,政党,组织等,成为其中一员。
例如:
The next year he joined the union. 第二年他加入了工会。
(2)join in加入某人,并一起进行某项活动。
例如:
She joined her husband in his study.
她与她的丈夫一块从事他的研究。
(3)take part in “参加……”,take an active part in积极参加。
例如:
Do you take an active part in sports? 你积极参加体育活动吗?
Section B
6. pros and cons  n. 赞成和反对的理由
例如:
To consider all the pros and cons of a matter before reaching a decision.
作出决定前先好好考虑所有赞成和反对的理由。
7. It’s true that some ads can be very useful. 一些广告的确很有用。
(1)It’s + adj. +that  其中It 是形式主语,代替that引导的主语从句。
例如:
It is strange that be had made a mistake. 真怪,他竟做错了。
(2)useful  adj. 有用的
useless  adj. 无用的,无价值的。
例如:
a useful idea 有用的主意
a few useless suggestions 一些无价值的建议
8. For instance,they can help you to compare two different products so that
you can buy the one you really need.  例如,他们能够帮你比较两种不同的产品,以至于你能买到你真正需要的那个。
(1)for instance, for example 例如
(2)compare  比较,对照
compare...with...  把……与……相比
例如:
If we compare French schools with British schools,we will find many differences.
如果我们把法国的学校与英国的学校相比,会发现许多不同之处。
compare...to...  把……比作……
例如:
The poet compares the woman he loves to a rose.
这位诗人把他所钟情的女人比作玫瑰花。
(3)so that 为了,以便,引导目的状语从句
例如:
We have to hurry up so that we can catch the last train.
我们为了赶上末班车不得不快一点。
(4)the one you really need 是定语从句
the one 是定语从句中的先行词,that作为引导词在从句中做宾语省略掉了。

9. However,some advertising can be confusing or misleading.
然而,一些广告会混淆或误导你。
(1)confuse  v. 使迷惑
例如:
Waking up in strange surroundings confused her.
她醒来时看到一片陌生的环境,这把她搞糊涂了。
confusing  a. 令人迷惑的
例如:
The instructions are very confusing and I can't understand them.
这些指示莫名其妙,我没有办法理解
confused  adj. 迷惑的,糊涂的
例如:
He gets confused easily. 他很容易被弄糊涂。
(2)mislead  v.   使某人想错 / 做错,误导
misleading  adj.
例如:
a misleading description / advertisement  误导人的描述(广告)
10.…but don’t really tell you anything about the quality of the                   product.
但没有真正告诉你有关产品质量的任何问题。
tell sb. about sth.“告诉某人有关某事”,tell sb. sth.“告诉某人某事”。
例(1)The granny told us about a thief breaking into her house.
老奶奶告诉我们她家失窃的事。
(2)The old man told us about his sufferings in the old days.
老人告诉我们他过去受的苦。
(3)He told the happy news to everybody.
他把好消息告诉了大家。

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