新概念英语第二册语法讲解:主谓一致

所属专题:新概念英语第二册语法讲解  来源:互联网    要点:新概念英语第二册  
编辑点评: 主谓一致?编编这也太简单了吧!哈哈,主谓一致虽然简单,但我们也不能轻视哦,要知道这里面也是有些弯弯绕的机关,等着我们去解开呢!今天我们就一起来了解一下主谓一致吧!

 

I.单数主语:
1.当 every-, some-, any-, no- 等构成的不定代词及 each, either, neither 作主语时,谓语动词为单数。
● Someone has told me about it.
● Neither of us likes the film.

2.当 every 或 each 位于两个由连接词连接的单数主语前,谓语动词用单数。(必记之要点!)
Each girl and boy has a nickname.
Every man and woman is welcome.

3.位于主谓之间的介词短语不影响谓语动词的数,谓语动词须和主语一致。常见介词短语有:in addition to, together with, as well as, along with, but, except, etc.
(这是一几乎所有考试都不愿放过的重点。)
● The teacher along with his students is going to the party.
● His parents as well as his elder sister have come to see him.

II.复数主语:

1.当主语由 and 或 both ... and 连接,通常采用复数谓语动词。
● Both the girl and the boy are his friends.

2.如主语是both, few或主语前有both, few, several, many 等限定词时,谓语动词须用复数。
● Several novels have been written by her.
● Both got the news at the same time.

3.下列名词总是复数形式且谓语动词必须用复数。
trousers, pants, jeans, glasses, scissors, tweezers, plier, scales , compasses, etc.
● The trousers here are mine.

别忘了:如果以上名词受 “a pair of” “the pair of”修饰时,谓语动词用单数。
The pair of pants is too dirty.

III.单、复数的灵活运用:

1.当主语由 neither... nor, either... or, not only ... but also 或 or 连接时,谓语动词与nor, or, but also后面的词一致,在英语语法中,这被称之为“就近原则”。
● Neither he nor I am going to the airport.
● Not only Mary but also her parents have gone abroad.

2.当主语前面有 none, all, some, any, most, half, majority等词时,谓语动词则根据主语的具体情况而采用相应的单、复数。
● All of the money has been in the bank. (money 是不可数名词)
● All of us have been here.

3.“a number of”是复数,修饰可数名词,谓语动词为复数,“the number of”也修饰复数名词,但谓语动词用单数。(黄金要点!!)
● A number of students have passed the exam.
● The number of students in this class is 50.

IV. 用作单数的复数形式主语:

1.如主语是指:time, money, weight, volume, etc. 虽为复数形式,但谓语用单数形式。
● Two years is a short time.
● One hundred dollars is needed by me.

2.下列单词如:physics,economicsmathematicsstatistics,etc;measles,mumpsherpes,etc,news,ethics,politics,etc. 为复数形式,但谓语动词用单数。
● Statistics is a dull subject.
● Politics is important.

3.书、报、杂志、电影的名称作主语,谓动用作单数。
● The New York Times is a good newspaper.

V.下列名词在形式上保持不变,但谓语动词的数取决于其意义:

1.family,team,class,committee,group,audience,faculty,etc.
● The family is big.(总体)
● His family like to watch TV.(家庭所有成员)

2.species,series,etc.
● The species is rare.
● These species are common.

3.sheep,deer,etc.
● The sheep are eating grass.
● The sheep is big.

VI. Chinese, English, French, etc 指语言时,谓动是单数,如与 "the" 搭配,指人民时,谓语动词用复数。

English is used widely.
The English love peace.

VII. 注意下列外来语的单复数形:

单数 复数
basis bases
crisis crises
criterion criteria
phenomenon phenomena
radius radii
alumnus alumni
datum data
medium media
index indices
appendix appendices
alga algae
vita vitae

测试精编

1. Students today are writing ________ of poetry.
A. a great many lines B. quantities of lines C. lots lines D. a large number

2. The bookstore had not ordered ________ texts for all the students in the course.
A. plenty of B. enough
C. as many D. enough of

3. — What did you see? — We saw ________ police there.
A. many B. much C. little D. the

4. — Do you want to wait? — Two weeks ________ too long for me to wait.
A. is B. are C. were D. was

5. There they were greeted by a woman called Zenobia, ________.
A. being a beautiful woman of wealth and position
B. who is beautiful woman of wealth and position
C. a beautiful woman of wealth and position
D. and a beautiful woman of wealth and position

(后设答案,大家不要偷看哦~(*^__^*) 嘻嘻……)

KEYS

1. A 2. B 3. A 4. A 5. C

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