初一英语语法时态专题练习

所属专题:初中英语语法知识  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:初一英语语法  
编辑点评: 语法是英语的基础,要想提高自己的英语能力,语法这关一定要过,平时多听多看、注意理解、勤练习是一定能把语法攻克的。本文为大家提供了涉及初一英语语法中时态部分的讲解及练习题供同学们练习。

初一英语时态专题复习
一、一般现在时:(1、现在的状态。2、经常或习惯性动作。3、主语所具备的性格和能力。4、真理。)
1、标志:often(经常),usually(通常),sometimes(有时),always(总是),never(从不),
on Sundays(在星期天), every day/month/year(每一天/月/年)
2、结构:
(1)主语+连系动词be(am/is/are)+名词/形容词/数词/介词短语/副词等做表语表状态(包括There be +n.)
练习:1.I______(be) a student.  My name_____(be) Tom.
 2. Where _____(be) my shoes? They___(be) here.
3.Who ____(be) the girl with long straight hair? I think she ___(be) Kate.
4. You and I ___(not be) in Class Six.
5.___(be) there a supermarket on the Fifth Avenue? Yes, there_____(be).  
6. ____ her parent tall? No, he____.
(2)主语(非第三人称单数)+行为动词原形+其他 (用助动词do 帮助构成否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问)
(3)主语(第三人称单数)+行为动词的第三人称单数+其他(用助动词does 帮助构成否定句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句)
行为动词第三人称单数加-s的形式1.- s 2. 辅音+y: study-studies 3.以s,x,ch,sh结尾watch-watches  teach-teaches4特殊have-has do-does go-goes
.1)His parents _______(watch) TV every night. 肯定句 1) My brother _________(do) homework every day.
 2)His parents _________(not watch) every night.否定句2)My brother________(not do)homework every day.
 3)_____his parents_____(watch) TV every night?一般疑3)______ your brother _____ homework every day?
Yes, they _______.  No, they _______.              Yes, he______.   No, he _________.
 4)When___ his parents _____(watch) TV?   特疑     4)When _____ your brother ____(do) homework?
   They watch TV every night.                       He does homework every day.
 
二现在进行时:表示说话瞬间或现阶段正在进行的动作。
1、标志: now(现在)listen(看)look(听)
2、结构:主语+助动词be(am/is/are)+行为动词的现在分词(doing)
现在分词的构成:1.-ing: eat-eating      2.辅音字母+e: take-taking
 3. sit, put, begin, run, swim, stop, get, shop,(双写最后一个辅音字母,再加ing.)
练习:1. Jim __________________(take) photos in the park now.  2. Jim_________(not take) in the park now. 3. _______________Jim____________(take) photos in the park now? Yes, he _____. No, he _______.
     4. Where _________Jim ____________ photos now?   In the park.
 
三、情态动词:1、任何主语+can/may/must+动词原形   2、主语+ can’t/may not/ mustn’t+动词原形
3、    Can/May/Must + 主语+ 动词原形?  4、疑问词+can/may/must+主语+动词原形?

四、非谓语动词(是固定搭配)
1. like+ to do不定式/doing动名词  2.want to do sth.         3. love to do       4. would like to do sth.
5. enjoy doing sth.               6. thanks for doing       7. stop doing sth    8. let sb. do sth.  
She wants _____(have) a party.   Does he like _______(swim)?    
Thanks for _______(enjoy) CCTV show.     She never stops ____(talk).
 
五.祈使句:
Go straight and turn left/ right.
Go through Fifth Avenue.
Take a taxi(Take a bus,Take a walk……)

六.综合练习:1.Mr Green _____(be) a worker. Now he ____(work) in the field. 2.Listen! Who_______(sing)?
3.What time ____ your brother usually _____(do) his homework? 4.You can_______(come) here by bus.
5. Who ____(have) a ruler?  6.Are they_____(clean) the room?  7.-____ you____(eat) dinner? – Yes, we are.
8.Jack ____(have) a soccer ball, but he ____(not have) a basketball. 9._______Jim _______(like)______(run)?
10.They _____(be) from Canada. They______(not speak) Chinese. 11. He wants _________________(be) tall.

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