七年级英语语法总结:句式

 来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:初一英语语法  
编辑点评: 英语学习语法很重要。谁也不能绕开它而培养出很高的英语素质和能力。同学们在语法上要多归纳,多总结,多比较,体会语法的系统性和规律性。于此同时,学与练相结合,在练习中提高在分析情景的基础上运用语法的能力。

1.陈述句

肯定陈述句

a) This is a book. (be动词)

b) He looks very young. (连系动词)

c) I want a sweat like this. (实义动词)

d) I can bring some things to school. (情态动词)

e) There’s a computer on my desk. (There be结构)

否定陈述句

a) These aren’t their books. b) They don’t look nice.

c) Kate doesn’t go to No. 4 Middle School. d) Kate can’t find her doll.

e) There isn’t a cat here. (=There’s no cat here.)

2. 祈使句

肯定祈使句

a) Please go and ask the man.

b) Let’s learn English!

c) Come in, please.

否定祈使句

a) Don’t be late.

b) Don’t hurry.

3. 疑问句

1) 一般疑问句

a) Is Jim a student?

b) Can I help you?

c) Does she like salad?

d) Do they watch TV? e) Is she reading?

肯定回答:

a) Yes, he is.

b) Yes, you can.

c) Yes, she does.

d) Yes, they do.

e) Yes, she is.

否定回答:

a) No, he isn’t.

b) No, you can’t.

c) No, she doesn’t.

d) No, they don’t.

e) No, she isn’t.

2) 选择疑问句

Is the table big or small?

回答 It’s big./ It’s small.

3) 特殊疑问句

① 问年龄 How old is Lucy? She is twelve.

② 问种类 What kind of movies do you like? I like action movies and comedies.

③ 问身体状况 How is your uncle? He is well/fine.

④ 问方式 How do/can you spell it? L-double O-K.

How do we contact you? My e-mail address is president@xueersi.com.
⑤ 问原因 Why do you want to join the club?

⑥ 问时间 What’s the time? (=What time is it?) It’s a quarter to ten a.m..

What time do you usually get up, Rick? At five o’clock.

When do you want to go? Let’s go at 7:00.

⑦ 问地方 Where’s my backpack? It’s under the table.

⑧ 问颜色 What color are they? They are light blue.

What’s your favourite color? It’s black.

⑨ 问人物 Who’s that? It’s my sister.

Who is the boy in blue? My brother.

Who isn’t at school? Peter and Emma.

Who are Lisa and Tim talking to?

⑩ 问东西 What’s this/that (in English)? It’s a pencil case.

What else can you see in the picture? I can see some broccoli, strawberries and hamburgers.

11问姓名  What’s your aunt’s name? Her name is Helen./She’s Helen.

What’s your first name? My first name’s Ben.

What’s your family name? My family name’s Smith.

12 问哪一个 Which do you like? I like one in the box.

13 问字母 What letter is it? It’s big D/small f.

14 问价格 How much are these pants? They’re 15 dollars.

15 问电话号码 What’s your phone number? It’s 576-8349.

16 问谓语(动作) What’s he doing? He’s watching TV.

17 问职业(身份) What do you do? I’m a teacher.

What’s your father? He’s a doctor.

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