初一英语上册精讲精练:unit3-unit4

所属专题:初一英语上册知识点  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:初一英语上册精讲精练  
编辑点评: 学习英语其实并没有什么妙招或者捷径,全在同学们的兴趣与勤奋,还要把握好英语学习的规律。由于小学阶段对英语要求不是很高,这使学生的英语水平层次不齐;到了初一,各个学校、各种水平的学生在一起学习,问题就会很明显,因此初一是攻克英语、打好基础的最佳时间。

   Unit 3
词汇:1.称呼类词汇:sister 姐;妹 mother妈妈 father爸爸
brother兄;弟grandmother祖母;外祖母 grandfather祖父;外祖父
aunt姑母;伯母;婶母uncle叔;伯;舅;姨夫son 儿子
cousin表(堂)兄弟(姐妹) daughter女儿
2. 本单元出现的缩写:that’s = that is   he’s = he is
3. 本单元出现的指示代词:these 这些  those 那些
4. thanks for 为……而感谢
句式:1. This/that/These+ be动词+ sb’s …
This is his sister.  That is my brother. These are his brother.
2. be动词+代词+…Is this your sister?    Is she your sister?
3. Thanks for …   Thanks for the photo of your family.
4. Here +be 动词+…   Here is my family photo.
Unit 4
词汇:1.本单元出现的家具类词汇:table桌子  bed床  bookcase书橱,书柜   sofa沙发   chair椅子  drawer抽屉
2.表位置的介词短语:under the table在桌子下面 on the sofa在沙发上in the backpack在双肩背包里 under the bed在床下面  on the chair在椅子上 on the dresser在梳妆台上on the table在桌子上  in the drawer在抽屉里   on the floor在地板上3.math book数学书 4.alarm clock闹钟5.computer game电脑游戏6.video tape录像带7.take sth. to sb.把某物带给某人
take these things to your sister把这些东西带给你姐姐8.ID card身份证9.bring sth. to some place把某物到给某地bring some things to school把一些物品带到学校10.pencil case铅笔盒11.in the bedroom在卧室12.in the kitchen在厨房
句式:1.询问地点——Where + be动词 + sth. 答语——It is/They are + 表位置的介词短语—Where’s my backpack? —It’s under the table.
—Where are your books? —They’re on the chair.
2.询问某物是否在某地的句型及答语
 —Is the baseball on the sofa?—No,it isn’t. It’s under the chair.
 —Are they on the bed?     —No,they’re not.
3.祈使句——Please do sth.   Please take these things to your sister…
4.can引导的一般疑问句     Can you bring some things to school?
5.倒装句——Here + be动词 + 主语   Here is my pen.
                                   Here are some apples.
1)_______(this) are my parents.
2)_______(that) are his friends.
3)Is this his father?   No,_______ isn’t.
  A.it   B.this   C.he
4)Is his mother your friend?  Yes,________is.   
A.he   B.she    C.you
5)Thanks _________your interesting book.
 A.for   B. very much  C.a lot
6)There _______ a photo of my friends.
7)My parents are _________teachers.
  A.both  B.all  C.each

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