莉娜教你做阅读(七)【沪江精品公开课】

 来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:英语阅读  
编辑点评: 很多同学对英语阅读很苦恼,往往抓耳挠腮不得其法。那么英语阅读有没有绝招呢? 现在来自上海外国语大学的Lena老师帮助大家突破阅读难关!

Lena老师

Lena老师:毕业于上海外国语大学。拥有丰富的英语教学经验,讲课风趣幽默,深受同学爱戴。

 公开课回顾视频:

Part 1 Useful words and expressions

1. be full of 充满

2. damage 破坏

3. bush 灌木丛

4. pleased 愉快的

5. play with 与……一起玩

6. move 移动

7. far from 离……远

8. be afraid of 害怕

9. all of a sudden 突然

Part 2 Grammars in the text

倒装句

14.1 倒装句之全部倒装

全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般现在时和 一般过去时。常见的结构有:

1) here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run。

There goes the bell.

Then came the chairman.

2) 表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词。

Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.

Ahead sat an old woman.

注意:上述全部倒装的句型结构的主语必须是名词,如果主语是人称代词则不能完全倒装。

Here he comes.  

Away they went.

14.2 倒装句之部分倒装

部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词,则需添加助动词do, does或did,并将其置于主语之前。

句首为否定或半否定的词语,如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。

Never have I seen such a performance.

Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.

Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.

当Not until引出主从复合句,主句倒装,从句不倒装。

注意: 如否定词不在句首不倒装。

I have never seen such a performance.

The mother didn't leave the room until the child fell asleep.

Part 3 Skills

中考英语阅读理解解题技巧讲解 (三)

(1)根据构词法猜词义。

前缀或后缀-ful(形容词后缀), -less(无,没有,构成形容词), -ly(副词后缀), un-(不,非,未), dis-(相反,否定)re-(重新)

appear disappear, agree disagree, tie untie, happy unhappy, careful, careless, hope hopeless, comfortable uncomfortable

(2)根据上下文猜词义。

它和前后文有着必然的联系,只有把握作者的脉搏,理清逻辑链条,才能锁定生词的含义。

(3)旧词新义现象。

如Australians put their shirt “tails” on the clothes line after washing, because they usually put them into their trousers. “tails” 一词原意为“尾巴”,而在此处的意思为衬衫的“_______”。

(4)依解释

Microscope is an instrument(工具)that makes small near objects seems larger. Microscope means_______.

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