2014年梅州市中考英语考前冲刺试题

所属专题:2015年中考英语  来源:中小学教育教学网    要点:中考英语  
编辑点评: 2014年梅州市中考英语考前冲刺试题供你参考。

听力部分(30分)
一、对话理解。(本题共20分,每小题1分)
第一节:听下面五段对话,每段对话有一个问题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项,并将其字母编号填在题前的括号里。(本节只听一遍)
听第一段对话,回答第1题。
(     ) 1.Where do plants get energy from?   A. The sun.       B. Their flowers.     C. Water.
听第二段对话,回答第2题。
(     ) 2.Where would Bob go?   A. England.         B. Canada.            C. America.
听第三段对话,回答第3题。
(     ) 3.How many boys and girls went to clean the park?    A. Six.      B. Seven.     C. Eight.
听第四段对话,回答第4题。
(     ) 4.What’s near the school?  A. A supermarket.       B. A river.      C. A lake.
听第五段对话,回答第5题。
(     ) 5.What colour will the robot change into when the man is sad?
      A. Green.         B. Blue.           C. Orange.
第二节:听下面六段对话,每段对话有两个或三个问题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出一个最佳选项,并将其字母编号填在题前的括号里。(本节听两遍)
听第六段对话,回答6~7题。
(     ) 6.What does “I’m a green hand” mean in the dialogue?
      A. I don’t know how to use it.       B. I’m good at it.      C. I’m a new comer.
(     ) 7.What does the boy want to do?
      A. Print his photos.  B. Send his photos to his computer.   C. Move his photos into his camera.
听第七段对话,回答8~9题。
(     ) 8.Who still watches cartoons now?  A. The boy.   B. The girl.  C. Both the boy and the girl.
(     ) 9.How many cartoon characters were mentioned in the dialogue?
      A. Three.       B. Four.          C. Five.
听第八段对话,回答10~11题。
(     )10.Why are there so many people in the bookshop?
      A. Because the shop is selling many new CDs.
      B. Because they’re Harry Potter fans.
      C. Because they can pay less for some books.
(     )11.What does the boy think of the Harry Potter books?
      A. They are strange.     B. They are boring.      C. They are great.
听第九段对话,回答12~14题。
(     )12.What does Bill want to be  A. A traveler.     B. A bus driver.     C. A guide.
(     )13.What does Jenny like doing?
      A. Staying at home.        B. Going shopping.      C. Doing business and making money.
(     )14.What do they think of businesswomen?
A. They think businesswomen are rich.    B. They think businesswomen are very busy.
C. They think businesswomen are interesting.
听第十段对话,回答15~17题。
(     )15.Who is Mr. Johnson?  
A. Millie’s history teacher.    B. Millie’s doctor.      C. Millie’s geography teacher.
(     )16.What will Millie do on Saturday?  
A. Go climbing.          B. Take an exam.          C. Stay at home and study.
(     )17.Which season is it?     A. Spring.       B. Summer.      C. Autumn.
听第十一段对话,回答18~20题。
(     )18.Why doesn’t the man want to go to the zoo at first?
      A. Because he has been there many times.     B. Because he doesn’t like going to the zoo.
      C. Because he doesn’t like the animals there.
(     )19.What’s the new animal in the zoo? A. A cloned sheep.  B. A cloned horse.  C. A cloned cow.
(     )20.When will the man wait for the woman?
      A. At seven on Sunday morning.       B. At eight on Saturday morning.
      C. At seven on Saturday morning.
二、短文理解。(本题共5分,每小题1分)
听短文,根据短文内容在各题所给的A、B、C三个选项中,选出一个最佳选项,并把它前面的字母编号填在题号前的括号里。(本题听两遍)
(     )21.Why are the living conditions getting more and more serious?
      A. Because people have more money.   B. Because of the destruction of our environment.
      C. Because of the cars.
(     )22.The population of the world is increasing ______. A. slowly     B. fast     C. gradually
(     )23.The overuse of natural resources ________.
      A. has influenced the balance of natural ecology   
B. has protected the balance of natural ecology
      C. has helped keep the balance of natural ecology
(     )24.What pollute the environment?
      A. The smoke released from factories.     B. The harmful chemicals released from factories.
      C. All of the above.
(     )25.What can we do to solve the problem?
      A. Plant fewer trees.        B. Equip cars without pollution-control devices.
      C. Learn to recycle natural resources to improve the present situation.
三、听选信息。(本题共5分,每小题1分)
听短文,根据所听信息完成下列各题。(本节听两遍)

Yellowstone
National Park
lies in (26) ________________.
Yellowstone
National Park
became a national park
in (27) ________________.
It was built in (28) ________________.
The National
Park Service
mainly manages the (29) ________________ in America and protects animals and plants within the park.
The speaker is (30) ________________ to answer questions today.

笔试部分(90分)
四、单项选择(本题共15小题、每小题1分,共15分)
(   ) 31. ---Who’s _____boy in red, do you know?
---Oh. He’s______ friend of Tom’s.
A.the; a           B. an; the             C. a; the           D. the; an
(   ) 32.The light in the office is off. The teacher ______ be there now
A.may       B. can’t         C. must      D. mustn’t
(   ) 33. –When shall we go to the museum, this afternoon or tomorrow morning?
--________ is OK. I’m free these days.
A. Both           B. All             C. Either            D. Neither
(   ) 34.Two Chinese pandas, Tiantian and Yangyang arrived ____ England____ the afternoon of December 4th, 2013.
A.in; on            B. at; in           C. at; on            D. in; in
(   ) 35. Many Chinese students think science subjects are _________ foreign languages.
A. more difficult as  B. less difficult than  C. much difficult than  D. so difficult as
(   ) 36.—Hurry up. The bus is coming.
       --Wait a minute. Don’t cross the street_______ the traffic lights are green.
     A. after             B. until            C. while            D. since
(   ) 37. ---Tom didn’t go to school this morning, did he?
       ----- ______.Though he had a bad cold.
     A. Yes, he didn’t         B. Yes, he did    C. No, he didn’t   D. No, he did
(   ) 38. –Are you a soccer player in your school?
       --Yes, I ______ the team two years ago. I ____ in the team for two years.
      A. have joined; have been  B. was joined; am  C. joined; was   D. joined; have been
(   ) 39. --- I don’t know if Aunt Li ______to look after these “stay-home children” tomorrow morning.
---If I _______ her, I would come earlier.
A. will come; am       B. comes; were    C. will come; were      D. comes; am
(   ) 40.—Where’s your brother now, Bob?
      --I saw him____ in the street a moment ago and I told him______.
    A. playing; don’t do so    B. playing; not to do so   C. play; to do so   D. play; not to do so
(   ) 41.—Excuse me, can I interview Mr.Miller this afternoon?
     -- A moment, please. Let me check______.
    A. if Mr. Miller will be free            B. when will Mr.Miller have time
    C. if Mr. Miller had an appointment      D. when does Mr.Miller come back
(   ) 42. ---Where did you go last week?
       ---I went to Zhang Ailing’s hometown and visited the house________ she was born.
    A. that               B. there         C. where           D. which
(   ) 43. About three fifths of the work __________ yesterday.
     A. had been done         B. was done         C. were done       D. has done
(   ) 44. –A subway will be built in our hometown before 2015.
 --__________! Will it pass my house?
     A. What an excited news           B. What exciting news
C. How exciting news             D. How an excited news
(   ) 45. ---Would you mind if I sit here?      ---_________. It’s for Miss Zhang.
A. Better not           B. Never mind            C. Not at all              D. Of course not  
五、完形填空(本题共10小题、每小题1分,共10分)
Mr. Lin is a farmer who lives in western China with his wife and two kids.Two months ago, he was told that he had cancer and he needed 46______ at once.And he knew he would spend a lot of 47______on the operation.It was too much for Mr. Lin’s family.They had no jobs and both their children were at school.The situation seemed 48______.

After two weeks, 49______, Mr. Lin got a piece of good news.He was told about a health care project which provides medical treatment for 50______ patients in western China.They need to pay only half the cost or even less.51______ the project, he was able to receive an operation just in time to stop the illness from getting 52______.Now he has returned to his family.
The goal of this health care project is to improve the situation for poor people in 53_____China.So far, the project has helped more than 5,000 people to 54______ medical aid.The Chinese government is also working together with other 55______ and international organizations to do this.They hope to develop a new health care model for China.
(    )46.A.some medicine       B.some help     C.an operation        D.a doctor
(    )47.A.money              B.time          C.work                D.energy
(    )48.A.hopeful          B.hopeless      C.colorful              D.colorless
(    )49.A.instead              B.though              C.but                        D.however
(    )50.A.young              B.old           C.poor                 D.rich
(    )51.A.Thanks to            B.Thanks for    C.According to         D.Instead of
(    )52.A.bad              B.worse         C.well                D.better
(    )53.A.eastern              B.southern       C.western             D.northern 
(    )54.A.offer               B.make         C.give               D.receive
(    )55.A.towns             B.provinces     C.cities                  D.countries
六、阅读理解(本大题共20小题、每小题2分,共40分)
                                      A

YUTIANSept.6----Twenty-seven students of a primary school in Yutian County(县) of Tangshan in Hebei Province were receiving medical treatment on Tuesday after poisoning(食物中毒).
  The sick children are from the county’s Yuying Primary School, a private boarding school with over 800 students.
LANZHOU, Aug.24---The death toll in a food poisoning accident in Gansu Province has risen to three. The three died in the No.2 People’s hospital in Longxi County.
  The victims(受害者) had all eaten a local snack made of bean jelly and roast chicken in Wenfeng Township, Longxi County.
                             School –food poisonings call for stricter actions
 As lots of food poisoning cases among students made the government require(要求) school-food safety for schools.
Some people said increasing prices lead to the poor quality of the food. In fact it’s only an excuse. The government asks schools to get higher quality school food, to cook and store food well, or the people who make school-food poisoning must be punished (惩罚) strictly. Since September, six cases of food poisoning have taken place in Hebei, Jiangxi, Hunan, Guizhou and Shanxi.

(   ) 56. The twenty-seven food-poisoning students are from______.
    A. Lanzhou                           B. Longxi County 
C. The No.2 People’s Hospital            D. Tangshan in Hebei Province
(   ) 57. The number of the students in Yuying Primary School is ___________.
     A. 800          B. less than 800             C. more than 800     D. 240
(   ) 58. Three people died in Gansu because they ate_______.
     A. a local snake   B. bean jelly and roast chicken     C. fruits       D. meat
(   ) 59. How many provinces are mentioned in the passage?
     A. Four          B. Five                C. Six        D. Seven
(   ) 60. How many cases have taken place since August?
     A. Four          B. Five                 C. Six        D. Seven

B
London used to be “foggy” for the same reason that cities like Beijing or Chongqing are “foggy” today.In fact, the “fog” was smog, a mixture of smoke and fog.In other words, it was made by air pollution.In London, some of this pollution came from factories, but much of it came from the coal(煤) that people burnt in their houses to keep warm during the winter.By the 1950s, London’s smog problem had become so bad that the government decided to do something to clean the air.A new law was made and nobody could burn coal in any British city.Within a few years, the air became much cleaner.There were no more “pea-soupers”
Many Chinese cities now face the same sort of problem with air pollution that London faced 40 or 50 years ago.However, this problem is more difficult for Chinese cities to solve.One reason is that more of the pollution comes from the factories, rather than from coal burnt in people’s houses. If these factories were closed, this would harm the economy(经济) and lots of people would lose their jobs.Another reason is that changing from coal to cleaner fuel(燃料), like gas, is quite expensive.
However, the air in many Chinese cities will become cleaner and cleaner, as the government and people have paid more and more attention to cutting down pollution.As a result, there will be fewer “pea-soupers” in Beijing in the future.
(  )61.What was the main reason for air pollution in London?
A.There was too much smoke in the sky.     B.There were too many factories in the city.
C.People burnt too much coal in the houses.    D.The city was too big for the cleaners to clean.
(  )62.How did the air in London become much cleaner?
A.There was not so much fog in the winter later.
B.A law was made to stop people from burning coal in their houses.
C.Many factories in the city were closed.
D.People paid more attention to cleaning their city.
(  )63.What does the underlined word “pea-soupers” refer to?
A.Smog.      B.Smoke.      C.Gas.        D.Coal.
(  )64.According to the passage, the problem of air pollution is more difficult for Chinese cities to solve because of _______ reasons.    
A.one        B.two        C.three                  D.four
(  )65.Which sentence is Not true?
A.Air pollution is serious in Beijing and Chongqing.
B.Using coal is much more expensive than using gas.
C.Factories made much more pollution in China.
D.The reasons of air pollution in London and Beijing are different.
 
                                         C
Last year in the UK at least 45 people died and 900 more were injured in car accidents where drivers were using their mobile phones. Yet many people continue to use them while driving even though it’s dangerous.
  Research has shown that it is difficult to concentrate on driving and talking at the same time. It can even be more dangerous than driving after drinking too much. A recent study found that when drivers were talking on their mobile phones, their stopping times were 30 percent slower than when they had drunk too much—and nearly 50 percent slower than when they were driving normally. It also found that drivers talking on mobile phones were less able to control their cars than drunk drivers.
  And talking isn’t even the most serious problem. Texting(发短信) is. Unbelievably, another recent study reported that 22% of adults admitted they had sent a text message while driving at least once in the past month. An average text message takes 90 seconds to write and send. That means for one and a half minutes a driver is looking at their phone’s screen and not at the road. The arrival of new smart phones such as the iPhone will only make matters worse as they will allow users to do more things than ever before.
  Using a mobile phone while driving puts others’ lives at risk. No matter how well we drive, if another driver is not being professional or careful, we are put in danger by their actions. Such drivers are selfish, careless and should have their driving licenses cancelled( 取消 ).
  There is no doubt that mobile phones can be fun and are extremely useful, especially when you’re in trouble. But there is no need to use them while driving. Just wait until you stop, or you will probably get into trouble of your own.
(   ) 66. The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 1 refers to _________.
A. phone users       B. mobile phones           C. drivers        D. ears
(   ) 67.According to passage, if a driver needs 10 seconds to stop when driving normally, they will need______ seconds to stop when talking on a mobile phone.
     A.12              B. 13                     C. 14           D. 15
(   )68. According to the passage, in what order do the following activities influence (影响)driving?
Dangerous------‑‑More dangerous --------Most dangerous。
A. drinking ----------talking on phone-----------texting
B. texting-------------talking on phone----------drinking
C. talking on phone------texting-----------------drinking
D. drinking----------------texting---------------talking on phone
(   ) 69. Why will new types of mobile phones make the driving problem worse?
A. It will take longer to send text messages.
B. People will want to talk on their phones more often.
C. There will be more things for people to do with their phones.
D. People think the new phones are easier and safer to use.
(   ) 70. According to the writer, what should be done to people who use mobile phones when driving?
A. They should be put into prison(监狱).       B. Their cars should be taken away.
C. Their phones should be taken from them.   D. They should not be allowed to drive any longer.

D

配对阅读。左栏是学生的5种不妥行为或危险情形,右边是老师给的7条建议。(其中两条多余)

(   ) 71. Yesterday Li Hong found a stranger following her all the way. She ran home as quickly as possible.
(   ) 72.Tom often uses earphones when walking outside.
(   ) 73. It’s a long way from Wang Jun’s home to school, so he often sleeps all the way on the bus.
(  ) 74. There are too many passengers on the bus today, and Li Feng puts his bag out of his reach.
(   ) 75. The house is on fire and there is full of smoke in the house, and you are in it.
  1. You should press the cut with a piece of cloth to stop the blood, then go to hospital as quickly as possible.
  2. Don’t use earphones when walking outside. It’s dangerous to do so because you can’t notice those cars, buses or trucks back and forth.
  3. Your bag should be put within your reach, or it is easy enough for the thieves to steal the things in your bag.
  4. If you are followed by a stranger, cross the street and go in the other direction. Next, go and get help from others if it is necessary. Don’t go home directly. You are safer in the street than you are in your home alone.
  5. You can’t leave school by yourself. Don’t forget it’s safer in school yard than the outside world.
  6. Don’t sleep on buses, or you may miss the right stop.
  7. If your house catches fire and you have to escape through smoke, move on your hands and knees with your head 30 to 60 centimeters above the floor. Please remember there is cleaner and cooler air near the floor during the fire

 
七、课文填空 (本题共10分、每小题1分)
   You have probably never heard of Amy Winterbourne, but she is a most 76______woman. She lives in a house that she built 77______ out of trash. Well, the stuff used to be called trash, but now it’s called “recycled” 78_______. The windows and doors came from old buildings around the town that were 79_____ pulled down. The walls are made from old glass bottles that are 80_______ together. The roof is made from 81_______ tiles. And the fence is built out of used soda cans. Amy 82_______ won an award from the Help Save our Planet Society. The president Jackson Smith said, “Amy is an 83_______ to us all.”
And what does Amy do in her spare time? She makes model 84_____ out of old TVs and sells them to 85_______ money for the Children’s Hospital.
八、书面表达(本大题15分)
As we all know, wasting has become a more and more serious problem.We can easily see many people throw a lot of food away.Some people spend thousands of yuan buying fashionable clothes.What do you think of them? Here are some of students’ opinions:
Mary : As for me, I believe “Waste not, want not.” We know there are still millions of Chinese living in a  poor condition.We can never afford waste.Therefore, it is no doubt that saving is still a good habit that we should not give up.I do not like the men who spend their money in a wrong way.They do not know waste is a bad thing.It can only make them happy for the time being.
Sally: One of the best ways we students can do in this situation is to recycle the textbooks we are using every day.After we’ve used them and are moving on to new ones, we should find ways to recycle these books instead of simply throwing them away.There are different ways to do so, such as sending them to a recycling factory, reusing them for other purposes, passing them on to new students and so on.
Tim: The negative effects(负面影响)of waste can be shown as follows.Firstly, it makes some students ask their parents for money quite often, which is harmful to their development.If they don’t learn to support themselves, they will be “useless people” when they graduate.Secondly, it is not easy for our parents to arrange for our schooling.Last but not the least, just like what Mary said that our country is still poor.There are many people who cannot go to university and many poor people still need our help.
成于勤俭,败于奢侈,这是我们的古人很早就提出来的警世箴言。近日习近平主席针对社会上很多人浪费粮食的现象,发出了“光盘行动”的指示,目的是为了让人 们节约粮食、杜绝浪费。节约是一种美德,节约更是一种智慧。请你阅读以上这篇文章(不得照搬),并结合以下要点,写一篇以“No Wasting”为题的短文。
要点包括:1.你对“光盘行动”的看法。
2.在生活中你看到了哪些不节俭的行为。
3.列举两件你在生活中所做的有关节俭的事。
4.号召大家参与到节俭活动中来。
要求:短文包含所有要点,可适当发挥,词数80词左右(开头已给出,不计入总词数)。
No Wasting
   Ancient people told us that success lies in thrifty while failure lies in luxury. Chairman Xi recently has launched an action called “Empty your plate”, which aims at letting people cherish food and reduce waste.
___________________________________________________________________________________
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