暑假必读的新概念美文: 贵族歹徒

 来源:互联网    要点:新概念  
编辑点评: 2015年暑假已经开始,你的暑假打算如何度过呢?暑假这段时间,一定不要虚度,不妨读些新概念美文。即能提高英语成绩,丰富词汇量又非常有趣。下面就是小编为大家准备的非常有趣的新概念美文。

一、【Text】课文

There was a time when the owners of shop and businesses in Chicago had to pay large sums of money to gangsters in return for

'protection'. If the money was not paid promptly, the gangsters would quickly put a man out of business by destroying his shop.

Obtaining 'protechon money' is not a modern crime. As long ago as the fourteenth century, an Englishman, Sir John Hawkwood,

made the remarkable discovery that people would rather pay large sums of money than have their life work destroyed by

gangsters.

Six hundred years ago, Sir John Hawkwood arrived in Italy with a band of soldiers and settled near Florence. He soon made a

name for himself and came to be known to the Italians as Giovanni Acuto. Whenever the Italian city-states were at war with each

other, Hawkwood used to hire his soldiers to princes who were willing to pay the high price he demanded. In times of peace,

when business was bad, Hawkwood and his men would march into a city-state and, after burning down a few farms, would offer

to go away if protection money was paid to them. Hawkwood made large sums of money in this way. In spite of this, the Italians

regarded him as a sort of hero. When he died at the age of eighty, the Florentines gave him a state funeral and had a picture

painted which was dedicated to the memory of 'the most valiant soldier and most notable leader, Signor Giovanni Haukodue'.

二、【New words and expressions】生词和短语

◆gangster n. 歹徒,强盗

◆Chicago n. 芝加哥 (美国城市)

◆protection n. 保护

 

◆promptly adv. 准时地

◆destroy v. 毁掉;消灭

◆remarkable adj. 不寻常的

◆band n. 帮,团伙

◆Florence n. 佛罗伦萨(意大利城市)

◆city-state n. (古代)城邦

◆hire v. 租出,雇给

◆prince n. 君主,诸侯

◆Florentine n. 佛罗伦萨人

◆funeral n. 葬礼

◆dedicate v. 奉献,题献给

◆memory n. 纪念

◆valiant adj. 英勇的

★gangster n. 歹徒,强盗

a band of gangsters 一伙强盗

robber 抢劫犯,抢劫者;

bandit 强盗,土匪

brigand (书面用语) 强盗,土匪,盗贼,草寇

hooligan 流氓,不良分子

hoodlum (口语)罪犯,恶汉

rascal (口语)淘气,捣蛋鬼

★Chicago n. 芝加哥 (美国城市)

★protection n. 保护

protection money 保护费

protect v. protect from

We must protect our eyes from the sunshine.

protective adj. 保护的

protector n.保护者

protege n. 被保护者

最新2018新概念信息由沪江中学学科网提供。

最新文章

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: