沪江中学语音公开课:吴争老师讲中考语法之宾语从句

所属专题:沪江中学语音公开课  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:沪江中学语音公开课  
编辑点评: 宾语从句在中学英语学习中的地位毋庸置疑,同学们在这一块的学习中总会遇到或多或少的问题。近日,昂立中高考名师吴争老师做客沪江,为同学们全面分析、讲解了中考语法之宾语从句,下面是本次公开课的音频,错过的同学们快来回顾吧!

宾语从句在中学英语学习中的地位毋庸置疑,同学们在这一块的学习中总会遇到或多或少的问题。近日,昂立中高考名师吴争老师做客沪江,为同学们全面分析、讲解了中考语法之宾语从句,下面是本次公开课的音频,错过的同学们快来回顾吧!

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☆☆  公开课绝密讲义 ☆☆

1、宾语从句的渊源,宾语和宾语从句

例句1:I opened the door.

主语 普通动词 宾语

The door 是open 的对象

宾语:动作的对象

例句2:I told you a story.

You,a story 都是told 的对象

2个宾语,双宾语

例句3:I told you that I would be late on Friday.

that I would be late on Friday. 是told 的对象

that I would be late on Friday. 是宾语

that I would be late on Friday. 是一句句子

【定义】宾语从句:一句句子作宾语

I think that you are right.

2、宾语从句难点:

1、连接词的选用

2、语序问题

3、时态的呼应

4、特殊句式

5、形式宾语

2.1 连接词选择

what who whom which whose 句子中缺少主要成分

where when how why 句子中缺少次要成分

whether/if 句子中缺少是否含义

that 句子结构完整, 句意清晰用that 在宾语从句中that 可以省略

【选择要点】自上而下,层层选择

表达是否 whether/if 的时候,优先选择whether

句子结构完整,句意清晰用that, 在宾语从句中that 可以省略。

2.2 陈述句与宾语从句

He is feeling ill.

Mike said that he was feeling ill.

(1)当主句是过去的时候,从句要用什么时态呢?

We must study hard.

All of us know that we must study hard.

(2)That 能否省略呢?

That 引导的宾语从句should=ought to

That 加的是事实

I think that you should be careful.

I’m afraid that he won’t come on time.

(3)Whether(if)引导的宾语从句

Whether 加不确定的概念

I wonder whether she loves me or not .

I wonder whether/if daughters are valued as much as sons in the countryside.

I want to know whether he is still living in Beijing.

(4)疑问代词和疑问副词引导的宾语从句(宾语从句陈述句语序的两种定义)

1. 公式法:特殊疑问词+主语+谓语+其他

2. 代入法:把一个答案代入连接词位置 形成主语+谓语+宾语格式

Who, which, what , whose , whom, when, where , how , why

Do you know who/whom they are waiting for?

I know who is crying over there.

Please tell me which bus I’ll take to go to that hotel.

(5)Which 和what 区别

Through examination we can learn what we did not know.

You must be responsible for what you have done.

Do you know what film he wants to see?

Do you know when we shall have an English exam?

Can you tell me where your father has gone.

(6)一般疑问句与宾语从句

Does she live here?

He asked me whether she lived here or not.

2.3 宾语从句的时态对应

(1)当主句是过去的时态,从句的时态要变为相应的过去时态(一般过去,过去进行,过去完成,过去将来)

Will the movie star come?

I don’t know whether/if the movie star will come.

(2)主句是现在的时态(一般现在,现在进行,现在完成),从句可根据实际情况而定(可以是任何时态)

Did he study English 20 years ago?

My mother asked him whether he had studied English 20 years before.

(3)复习Whether +不确定概念

(4)时态呼应

【时态呼应最终原则】从句的时态依据主句来定,主句所处时间轴确定从句时态

2.4 特殊疑问句和宾语从句

(1)请尝试变成宾语从句

What does he like ?

I wonder

I wonder what he likes.

Why did he choose that one ?

She asked me

She asked me why he had chosen that one.

Do you remember how he came ?

They have no idea at all where he has gone.

(2)特殊句式

Doubt? Whether ?that ?

Doubt +whether

Don’t doubt +that

I am sure +that

I doubt whether he can speak English.

I don’t doubt that he can speak English.

Do you doubt that he can speak English?

Not doubt? sure ?

I am not sure whether the news is true.

I am sure that he can do it well.

2.5 It 形式宾语

主语+consider/find/make/regard/think/+ it+宾补+ that +句子/to do sth

We find it necessary that we practise speaking English.

We find that we practise speaking English necessary.

We find it necessary that we practise speaking English.

He made it clear to us that he would leave here soon.

I think it best that you should stay here.

He always considers it our duty that we keep the classroom clean.

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