沪江中学语音公开课:吴争老师虚拟语气学习分享 (1)

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编辑点评: 虚拟语气应该是很多童鞋的老大难问题,是不是should、will总是傻傻分不清楚呢?新一轮知识点华丽来袭啦!近日,昂立中高考名师吴争老师做客沪江,为同学们全面分析、讲解了中学英语虚拟语气学习分享 (1),下面是本次公开课的视频,错过的同学们快来回顾吧!

虚拟语气应该是很多童鞋的老大难问题,是不是should、will总是傻傻分不清楚呢?新一轮知识点华丽来袭啦!近日,昂立中高考名师吴争老师做客沪江,为同学们全面分析、讲解了中学英语虚拟语气学习分享 (1),下面是本次公开课的视频,错过的同学们快来回顾吧!

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☆☆  授课大纲 ☆☆  

1、英语中的语气以及语气分类

1.1 陈述语气

1.2 祈使语气

1.3 虚拟语气

2、虚拟语气

2.1 If引导的虚拟语气

2.2 省略If 的虚拟条件句

2.3 错综时间条件句

2.4 练习与互动

2.5 虚拟语气在宾语从句中的应用

2.6 虚拟语气用于表语从句、同位语从句

2.7 练习与互动

☆☆  公开课绝密讲义 ☆☆

1、英语中的语气以及语气分类

1.1 陈述语气:用来陈述事实,包括肯定、否定和疑问三类

Mary showed great concern about you.

My legs were so weak that I could hardly stand.

Would you like to come and stay with me over the weekend?

1.2 祈使语气:表示命令,警告,威胁,叮嘱,祝福,建议等。

Enjoy yourselves with your trip.

Get out of here!

May you succeed ~!

1.3 虚拟语气:表示虚假的,与事实相反,或者难以实现,用虚拟语气;表示主观愿望,或者某种强烈情感,用虚拟语气。

If we were no gravity, we should not be able to walk.

It’s surprising that you should believe such a man.

2、虚拟语气

2.1 If引导的虚拟语气

(1)与现在事实相反

公式:If sb did, 主句 would/could/should/might do

If he had time now, he would attend the meeting.

If I were you, I should do it right now.

(2)与过去事实相反

公式:If sb had done, 主句 would/should/could have done

If you had come yesterday, you would have met him.

If she had further considered the problem, she might have come to the correct conclusion.

(3)与将来事实相反

公式:

1)If sb did , 主句 would/should/could/might do (与现在事实相反相同)

2)If sb were to do , 主句 would/should/could/might do

3)If sb should do , 主句would/could/might do

If you came tomorrow, we would have a meeting.

If he should be sick , he would send for the doctor.

2.2 省略If 的虚拟条件句(请提前 had/were/should …)

Were I in school again, I would work harder.

Had she more money, she would dress fashionably.

Had you been here earlier, you would have seen him.

Should there be a meeting tomorrow, I would come.

2.3 错综时间条件句

主句和从句所指的时间不一致,主从句的时态根据实际的时间概念确定。

If it had rained last night, it would be very cold today.

If you had taken medicine, you would be better now .

含蓄条件句

虚拟语气+but/but that +真实语气

真实语气+or/otherwise +虚拟语气

(马后炮句型)

It would be a mistake not to help him, but I really don’t know the answer.

I would go abroad but that I am short of money.

He would have given you more help, but he was so busy.

I should have started but that the weather was so bad.

She eats too much every day, or she would be thinner.

I was busy, otherwise I would have given you more help.

2.4 练习与互动:

1. _____ it rain tomorrow , we would have to put off the visit to the Shanghai Museum.

A. If     B. Should     C. Were     D. Would

2. You _____ such a serious mistake if you had followed his advice.

A. may not make     B. might not make     C. shouldn’t have made     D. might not have made

3. _______ your letter, I would have written back two days ago.

A. If I received      B. Should I receive       C. Had I received       D.If I could have received

4. If it were not for the fact that you _____ ill, I would ask you to do this right now.

A. were      B. had been      C. are       D. should be

5. If Mother_____ me that truth when I _____ young, I would not make such mistakes so often now.

A. has told; was       B. told; was      C. told; had been       D. had told; was

6. We_____ the work on time without your help.

A. hadn’t had finished        B. didn’t have finished

C. couldn’t have finished    D. can’t have finished

7. Yesterday, the storm delayed us. ______ the storm we would have been here in time.

A. But for     B. If it were not for      C. But that       D. Unless

2.5 虚拟语气在宾语从句中的应用

虚拟语气用于宾语从句

在下列动词的后面接宾语从句时,用“should+动词原形”,should 常被省略。

l 表示建议:suggest ,propose , recommend,advise, move;

l 表示主张:insist, maintain, hold, urge

l 表示要求:ask, request, require, demand, desire, prefer, arrange;

l 表示命令:order, command;

例如:

We suggested that we (should) have a meeting.

The doctor ordered that she (should) stay in bed for a few days.

He demanded that we (should) start right away.

说明:

这类句子用于被动语态时,其后的主语从句也要用虚拟语气。

例如:It was arranged that they (should)leave the following week.

②insist 作坚持认为不用虚拟语气。只有当insist 作坚持应该,坚持要求宾语从句才用虚拟语气。

例如:Mike insisted that he had never stolen anything.

We insisted that she (should ) go with us.

③suggest“暗示,表明”,不用虚拟语气。只有当suggest 作“建议”解时,用虚拟语气。

例如:His attitude suggests that he isn’t really interested.

I suggest that we (should) have lunch now.

2.6 虚拟语气用于表语从句、同位语从句

在表示建议、命令、主张、目的、愿望等名词后的表语从句和同位语从句,其谓语动词要用虚拟语气的结构“(should)+动词原形”。这类名词有:

advice , aim, decision, demand, desire, idea, necessity, order, plan, proposal, request, recommendation, requirement, resolution, suggestion, wish

My idea is that he (should) do exercises first.

Our decision is that the school remain closed.

We all agreed to his suggestion that we (should)go to Beijing for sightseeing.

There have been demands that they be given more free time.

2.7 练习与互动

1. The director requested the flexible approach some engineers refused to adopt _____ into practice at once .

A. should put      B. to be put      C. be put      D. of being put

2. It ______ that the football match______ put off because of the weather.

A. suggested ; would be      B. was suggested; be

C. is suggested; shall be      D. suggested; should be

3. Our teacher recommends that we _____ as attentive as possible when we visit the gallery.

A. are        B. be        C. were       D. had been

4. She does not stick to her exercises and a balanced diet. If she _____, she would remain slim and healthy.

A. had done       B. would do       C. did        D. should

5. “It’s many years since I saw you last. I didn’t recognize you at first.”

“I wouldn’t have, either, if someone_____ you by name.”

A. called        B. had called        C. didn’t call         D. hadn’t called

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