2012广州中考英语试题及答案

所属专题:2015年中考英语  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:2012广州中考英语试题及答案  
编辑点评: 初中英语的学习,大家首先要认清楚自身的情况,端正学习态度,看清自己的学习责任,对自己的未来负起责任。下面是编者整理的2012广州中考英语试题及答案。

秘密★启用前
20l2年广州市初中毕业生学业考试
英 语
一、听力(共两节,满分35分)
    第一节 听力理解(共15小题;每小题2分,.满分30分)
    每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有5秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各段播放内容及其相关小题,在5秒钟内从题中所给的A、B、C项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 ’
  听下面一段对话,回答第l~3三个小题。
1.What does the man give the woman?
  A.A birthday card. B.A birthday present. C.A birthday invitation.
2.When will the woman go shopping?
  A.On Friday. B.On Saturday: C.On Sunday.
3.Why does Anne think she is going to the man’s home?
A.To discuss his study problems.
B.To heIp him with his computer.
C.To attend his birthday party.
听下面一段对话,回答第4~6三个小题。
4Where does the talk take place?
    A.At the ticket Office. B.In the football stadium. C.In the street.
5.Why does the woman want to buy a ticket?
    A.To go to see the match.
    B.T0 give her son a reward.
    C.To selI it and earn money.
6.What does the woman finally decide to do?
  A.To go to the ticket office.
  B.T0buytheticketfromtheman.
  C.T0 return home without a ticket.
  听下面一段独自,回答第7~9三个小题。
7.How did the speaker feel when she heard the noise?
    A.Angry. B.Shocked。 C.Sick.
8.Why couldn’t the speaker open the driver’s car door?
    A.It was locked. B.It was against the wall. C.She wasn’t strong enough.
9.What did the speaker think of her action?
    A.It was brave. B.It was special. C.It was natural.
    听下面一段对话,回答第10~12三个小题。
l O.What is the relationship between the speakers?
    A.Doctor and patient. B.Husband and wife. C.Teacher and student.
11.What is the man’s problem?
    A.His boss is angry with him.
    B.He hasll0 energy.
    C.He cannot get to sleep.
12.What food should the man eat more?
    A.Fresh fruit. B.Seafood. C.Rice.
  听下面一段独自,回答第13~15三个小题。
t 3.What is the talk mainly about?
  A.How to apply for a job.
  B.How to interview someone for a job.
  C.How to prepare for a job interview.
1 4.Why is it important to ask questions during an interview?
  A.It shows your quick—thinking a job interest.
  B.It shows your knowledge of the company.
  C.It helps your interview go smoothly.
1 5.Where should a person keep their arms during a job interview?
  A。Behind their back。 B.On their knees。 C.By the side of their body。
  第二节听取信息(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
   听下面一段独自,请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入答题卡标号为○A~○E的空格中。听录音前,你将有15秒钟的阅题时间。录音播放两遍。你将有80秒钟的作答时间。
Task: ○A Report
Report length:At least ○B words long
Contents:—Outline the story
    —Describe the main characters
    一Say why it was or wasn’t a good book
Rule:Don’t ○C from the Internet.
Books: 1.My Hometown
 Details:Frightening story about a little girl who lives in a strange village
2.The Wrong Choice
 Details:○D book about a university teacher and her trouble with students
Hand—in date:At the end of ○E
二、语言知识及运用(共两节,满分20分)
第一节单项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
从16~25各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
16.…Is this book you were talking about yesterday?
…Yes,thank you very much.
A.a B.all C。the D.不填
l 7.一He asked her_________the bag because it was too expensive.
A.not to buy B.to buy not C.not buying D.not buy
18.…It’s surprising that he got such a high mark!
…Yes. I wonder it.
A.how did he do B.how he did C.why did he do D.that he did
1 9.Although you may meet some difficulties, you should never .
A.turn up B.get up C.give up D.grow up
20.You be hungry after the long walk.Help yourself to some cakes.
A.can’t B.shouldn’t C.need D.must
21.…I’ve got the final Harry Potter book.
…You will love it. I it twice already.
A.am reading B.have read C.was reading D.will read
22.…Do you like this movie?
一Yes,it's the one I’ve ever seen.
A. better B.best C.good D.well
23.He has to earn lots of money he can buy his children nice food and clothes.
A.so that B.such that C.that D.in order
24.Ms Wang is an excellent teacher. in our class loves her.
A.Someone B.No one C.Everyone D.Anyone
25.Whenever he was late,he could find plenty of excuses sounded reasonable.
A.who B.where C.when D.which
第二节语法选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,从26~35各题所给的A、B、C和D项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
People all over the world celebrate Valentine’s Day.However, the holiday 26 differently in different countries 27 each culture has its own Valentine’s Day customs.
For example,people in the United States and Japan both celebrate Valentine’s Day 28February 14.But in Japan,only romantic partners come together, while in America,it can be shared by anyone 29 is close,friend or lover.Chocolate is the most preferred gift in the US 30 it is common in Japan,too.However,in the US other kinds of gifts are 3 1 given,and many people exchange cards.
The biggest 32 is that in Japan,only girls and women.33 chocolates to boys and men,but in the US boys and girls will give cards or small gifts to all of 34 friends.And while American men and women both receive gifts,women usually get 35 expensive gifts than men.That’s why I would like to be a man in Japan but a woman in the US!
26.A.celebrates B.is celebrating C.celebrated D.is celebrated
27.A.although B.where C.because D.if
28.A.on B.in C.at D.by
29.A.whom B.who C.whose D.which
30.A.so B.as C.and D.or
31.A.too B.either C.neither D.also
32.A.difference B.differences C.different D.differently
33.A.give B.to give C.giving D.given
34.A.theirs B.they C.them D.their
35.A.many B.more C.few D.fewer
三、完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36~45各题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Although it was only autumn,everything outside was covered in white.Unexpectedly,we were hit with a big 36 storm and no one was prepared.
We have two apple trees in our backyard.Prana,our dog,loves 37.When she goes outside,she usually grabs a dirty apple from the ground to eat later on.Prana knows that when she brings her treasure into the house,I am not always 38,so she tries to hide it from me.It is our little game.
On the day that it snowed too 39 in the season,Prana went outside and I 40 her from the window.I noticed that she was 41 lots of holes and bringing out the apples buried beneath the snow.She seemed to be 42 to dig up as many apples as she could.
But when she came back inside,she brought back only one.About five minutes later,I looked outside.The yard was completely 43 with birds.Prana had dug up all those apples for her bird friends to eat.She knew that they hadn’t prepared 44 food for the early winter.
This beautiful act of unconditional love from a(an) 45 taught me what real kindness was.
36.A.sand B.snow C.thunder D.rain
37.A.apples B.winter C.games D.bones
38.A.clear B.correct C.happy D.surprised
39.A.1ate B.beautifully C.1ightly D.early
40.A.met B.watched C.called D.heard
41.A.hiding B.finding C.cutting D.digging
42.A.determined B.suitable C.nervous D.encouraged
43.A.hit B.marked C.covered D.taken
44.A.delicious B.enough C.1ess D.extra
45.A.teacher B.friend C.animal D.bird
四、阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、c和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
(A)
Paul and Jason were brothers who lived and worked on neighbouring farms.For 35 years they farmed side by side,sharing machinery and goods as needed,without a single problem.
However,one autumn,things changed.It began with a tiny disagreement about a horse,which grew into a major difference.The difference led to angry words,followed by weeks of silence between the two brothers.
One morning there was a knock on Paul’s door.He opened it and saw a builder holding his toolbox.“I’m looking for a few days’ work,”the builder said.“Are there any jobs here I could help with?”
“Yes,”answered Paul,extremely pleased to see the builder.“I do have a job for you.Look at that farm across the creek(小溪).That’s my brother’s farm. That creek used to be a grass field,but last week my brother dug a path from the fiver and made the creek.But I’ll go him one better.See that pile of wood?1 want you to build me a fence,two metres tall,so 1 won’t need to see him anymore.”
The builder said thoughtfully.“I think I understand the situation and I'll be able to do a job that pleases you.”
Paul had business in town that day and left the builder to his work.When he returned,the builder had just finished his job.Paul was shocked.Instead of a fence there was a bridge,stretching from one side of the creek to the other.
As Paul stood on the bridge,staring in amazement,his younger brother Jason,came across,and took Paul’s hand.“You are a good man to have built this bridge after a11 I've done,”said Jason.
Then,Paul,with tears in his eyes,said to the builder who was packing his bag to go,“Thank you so much。Please stay.I have much more for you to do.”
“I’d love to.”the builder said quietly,“but,I have many more bridges to build.”
46.What was the cause of the disagreement between the two brothers?
A.The digging of the creek.
B.A problem about a farm animal.
C.Who owned the field between the farms.
D.Who would pay for building the fence.
47.The underlined expression“go him one better” in paragraph 4 means •
A.do something even worse B. improve the situation
C.point out his mistake D.help him out
48.What do we know about the brothers?
A.They had been fighting for many years.
B.Their farms were not very successful.
C.They finally realized their mistakes.
D.They liked building bridges.
49.Why did the builder build the bridge?
A.He needed a way to get across the river.
B.There was not enough wood for the fence.
C.He misunderstood Paul’s instructions.
D.He wanted to bring the brothers together.
50.In what order did the following take place in the story?
a.The brothers stood on the bridge.
b.Jason dug the creek.
C.The brothers became angry with each other,
d.The builder asked for work.
e.Paul went into town.
A.b,c,e,d,a B.c,b,d,e,a
C.b,e,c,a,d D.c,d,b,a,e
(B)
Last year in the UK at least 45 people died and 900 more were injured in car accidents where drivers were using their mobile phones.Yet many people continue to use them while driving even though it’s dangerous.
Research has shown that it is difficult to concentrate 0n driving and talking at the same time.It can even be more dangerous than driving after drinking too much.A recent study found that when drivers were talking on their mobile phones,their stopping times were 30 percent slower than when they had drunk too much—and nearly 50 percent slower than when they were driving normally.It also found that drivers talking on mobile phones were less able to control their cars than drunk drivers.
And talking isn’t even the most serious problem,texting is.Unbelievably,another recent study reported that 22% of adults admitted they had sent a text message while driving at least once in the past month.An average text message takes 90 seconds to write and send.That means for one and a half minutes a driver is looking at their phone’s screen and not at the road.The arrival of new smart phones such as the iPhone will only make matters worse as they will allow users to do more things than ever before.
Using a mobile phone while driving puts others’ lives at risk.No matter how well we drive,if another driver is not being professional or careful,we are put in danger by their actions.Such drivers are selfish,careless and should have their driving licences(驾照)cancelled.
There is no doubt that mobile phones call be fun and are extremely useful,especially when you’re in trouble.But there is no need to use them while driving.Just wait until you stop or you will probably get into trouble of your own.
51.The underlined word“'them”in paragraph 1 refers to .
A.phone users B.mobile phones C.drivers D.ears
52.According to the passage,if a driver needs 10 seconds to stop when driving normally,they will need seconds to stop when talking on a mobile phone.
A.12. B.13. C.14. D.15.
53.According to the passage,in what order do the following activities influence driving?
Dangerous→More dangerous→Most dangerous
A.drinking→talking on phone→texting
B.texting→talking on phone→drinking
C.talking on phone→texting→drinking
D. drinking→texting→talking on phone
54.Why will new types of mobile phones make the driving problem worse?
A.It will take longer to send text messages.
B.People will want to talk on their phones more often.
C.There will be more things for people to do with their phones.
D.People think the new phones are easier and safer to use.
55。According to the writer,what should be done to people who use mobile phones when driving?
A.They should be put into prison.
B.Their cars should be taken away.
C.Their phones should be taken from them.
D.They should not be allowed to drive any longer.
(C)
Although he died almost 40 years ago,Bruce Lee is still considered the greatest and most influential kung fu performer of the 20th century.His films brought traditional Hong Kong kung fu movies to a new level of popularity,and introduced kung fu to millions of people in the West。
Bona in the USA in 1940,Lee returned to his native Hong Kong before his birthday.As a teenager,the highly intelligent boy was accepted into one of Hong Kong’s most famous middle schools but he paid little attention to his studies.He was more interested in sport,especially kung fu,and hanging out with his street-gang friends.In 1959,Lee got into trouble with the police for fighting.His mother,fearing he would end up in prison,sent him to the USA。Two years later,he began studying at university there.
While still a student,Lee opened his own kung fu school,teaching a new fighting style he had developed.What made Lee’s style different was that it used power,strength and,quick—action attacks.It also combined(融合)Japanese,Korean and South American fighting styles with traditional stow—moving Chinese kung fu.
Among Lee’s students were several famous actors who,impressed by his good—looks and fighting skill,encouraged him to start acting.Over the next fire years Lee achieved some Success in America.But his dream of introducing his fighting style into American movies was not accepted by local film makers who thought western audiences were not interested in kung fu.
Determined to prove them wrong,Lee returned to Hong Kong in 1970.There he made two films Fists of Fury (1971)and Way of the Dragon(1972),using his kung fu ideas and techniques.The movies were huge hits world—wide,making Lee an international star and symbol of kung fu.These were followed by what is widely considered the greatest kung fu movie of all time,Enter the Dragon(1973).Tragically however,Lee suddenly and mysteriously died while making his next movie Game of Death。He was only 33 years old.
56.AS a teenager,Lee was very .
A.quiet B.hard—working C.brave D.smart
57.Why was Lee sent to America?
A.His parents wanted him to study at university there.
B.He wanted to develop a new American fighting style.
C.His family:feared he was getting into too much trouble in Hong Kong.
D.He was determined to become a successful and popstar actor there。
58.How was Lee’s style of kung fu different from the traditional Chinese style?
A。It was much faster.
B。It was easier to Iearn。
C.It made people more powerful.
D.It was much more dangerous,
59。What was Lee’s dream according to the passage?
A。To develop a new style of kung fu。
B.To become a famous movie star.
C. To make movies using his fighting style.
D.To teach Americans kung fu.
60.According to the passage.how many kung fu movies did Lee complete in his lifetime?
A.Two. B。Three. C.Four. D.Five.

61.Who is organizing the party?
A.The Evans Center on Erie Road.
B.The New York City Fire Department.
C.The Boys and Girls Club of Lake Shore.
D.The New York City Hospital.
62.What is the cheapest way to get to the party?
A.By bus. B.By train. C.By car.D.By boat.
63.Which of the following is true about the party?
A.Children under 12 are not allowed to attend.
B.All drinks for the first guests are free.
C.Tickets can only be bought online.
D.There are different activities for guests.
64.How much will a family of four(two parents and their 14-year-old twins)Pay to attend the party if they drive and park there?
A.90 dollars. B.110 dollars. C.120 dollars.D.140 dollars.
65.What is the main purpose of the poster?
A.To raise money for young people.
B.To tell people how to get to the party.
C.To advertise the dance party.
D.To explain the rules of the party.
五、写作(共三节,满分30分)
第一节单词拼写(共5小题,每小题1分,满分5分)
根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母写出所缺单词。在填写答卷时,要求写出完整单词。 (每空限填一词)
66.He is very smart.He went to university at the a of 15.
67.Never cross the street when the traffic lights are r .Wait until it’s green.
68.It doesn’t look like rain,so you needn’t b your umbrella with you.
69.I miss my family and really feel l without any friends in this new city.
70.Where is my watch?I can’t f it.
第二节完成句子(共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
根据所给的汉语内容,用英语完成下列句子。(每空限填一词)
71.你们彼此用邮件联系吗?
Do you with each other by email?
72.看电影时我们既不能大声喧哗也不能吃东西。
We should talk loudly eat in the theatre while watching a movie.
73.多么美丽而宁静的岛啊!
beautiful and quiet island it is!
74.上周,怀特先生被邀请做了一个语言学习的讲座。
Last week,Mr White to give a speech on language learning.
75.我不明白他们为何对这位美国歌星如此疯狂。
I can’t understand so crazy about this American singing star.
第三节书面表达(共1题,满分15分)
你是学校英文报的小记者李华。请给你校初三学生写一封公开傍,就如何保持考前健康提出建议。主要内容如下:
(1)早睡早起,保持充足睡眠;
(2)饮食均衡,少吃垃圾食品;
(3)多做体育运动;
(4)你的其它建议。
Dear students,
As we all know,good health is important for success in the exams,so I’m writing to…

Best wishes and stay healthy.
Yours,
Li Hua
注意:1.词数80左右(信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入词数);
2.不得透露学校、姓名等任何个人信息,否则不予评分。

2012中考英语 参考答案
  1-5 C B B C B 6-10 A B B C A
  11-15 B A C A C
  A: English Book B: 1500 C: Copy your work
  D: Funny E: March
  16-20 C A B C D 21-25 B B A C D
  26-30 D C A B C 31-35 D A A D B
  36-40 B A C D B 41-45 D A C B C
  46-50 B A C D B 51-55 B D A C D
  56-60 D C A C B 61-65 B A D B C
  66 age 67 red 68 bring 69 lonely 70 find
  71 keep in touch 72 neither...nor/ not ...or
  73 What a 74 was invited
  75 Why they are
  作文略                

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