使用suggest的常见错误点

所属专题:2015年中考英语  来源:互联网    要点:中考  
编辑点评: 英语在中考中所占的比重不小。想要取得高分,英语语法基础得打好。小编特意为大家整理了中考常考的英语语法点,希望能够帮到大家。

错点一 误用不定式作宾语

要表示汉语的“建议做某事”,英语通常用 suggest doing sth,而不能用 suggest to do sth。如:

他建议坐飞机去,可我认为这样花费太大。

正:He suggested going by plane, but I thought it would cost too much.

误:He suggested to go by plane, but I thought it would cost too much.

汤姆建议把房子卖了,但是安表示反对。

正:Tom suggested selling the house but Ann was against it.

正:Tom suggested to sell the house but Ann was against it.

错点二 误接不定式的复合结构作宾语

汉语通常说“建议某人做某事”,但英语习惯上不能说 suggest sb to do sth,而说suggest sb’s [sb] doing sth。也就是说,suggest 后不仅不接不定式,而且也不接不定式的复合结构。如:

他建议我们早点动身。

正:He suggested that we leave earlier.

误:He suggested us to leave earlier.

当然,我们也可以用后接 that 从句的形式来表达此意思(注意谓语用 “should+动词原形”这样的虚拟语气形式)。如:

I suggest that we (should) have lunch right now. 我建议我们现在就吃午饭。

He suggests that we should all go to see the film. 他建议我们都去看电影。

比较以下同义表达:

他建议他们在没有听到事实真相之前什么都别说。

正:He suggested (should) not saying anything till they heard the facts.

正:He suggested saying nothing about it till they heard the facts.

正:He suggested that they shouldn’t say anything till they heard the facts.

错点三 混用其后宾语从句的语气

suggest 后接宾语从句时,从谓语既可用陈述语气,也可用虚拟语气,其区别与 suggest所表示的意思有关:

1. 若suggest 表示“建议”,则其后接的 that 从句谓语通常用“(should)+动词原形”这样的虚拟语气形式。如:

I suggested that she should go home. 我建议她回家去。

She suggested that I (should) be the leader. 她提议由我来做领导人。

2. 若suggest 表示“暗示”“意指”“表明”等义,则其后接的 that 从句要用陈述语气。如:

What he said suggested that he was a cheat. 他说的话表明他是个骗子。

Are you suggesting that I’m not suited for the job? 你的意思是说我不适合做这工作?

错点四 其后误接双宾语

要表示向某人提出某情况,suggest后不能接双宾语,即不能用suggest sb sth,而通常用 suggest sth to sb。如:

我向她提出一个解决问题的办法。

正:I suggested a way out to her.

误:I suggested her a way out.

若其中的直接宾语比较复杂(比如是that 从句)时,可考虑改用 suggest to sb sth。如:

我向他建议我们应该用另一种方式处理这个问题。

正:I suggested to him that we should tackle the problem another way.

误:I suggested him that we should tackle the problem another way.

错点五 忽略相关派生名词的相关用法

按英语习惯,suggest的派生名词suggestion也具有与其词根动词相似的用法,如当suggestion表示“建议”时,若其后接一个that引导的宾语从句,则该从句也习惯上要用“should+动词原形”这样的虚拟语气。如:

The suggestion that shops should open on Sundays led to a heated discussion. 关于商店星期日也应该营业的提议,引起了激烈的争论。

There was a suggestion that Brown should be dropped from the team. 有一项建议是布朗应该离队。

>>点击查看2015年中考英语专题,阅读更多相关文章!

最新2018中考信息由沪江中学学科网提供。

最新文章

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: