中考英语语法:hurry up 用法误区

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误区之一 hurry up不能用于否定句中

简清国主编《建宏外研社英汉多功能词典》(外语与教学研究出版社1997年1月第1版)p739:

hurry up [vi.] 赶快 (不用于否定句;常用于命令句)

Hurry up, or you’ll be late.

这种说法在我国英语界很是流行,然而却是不正确的。在当前的英美语中hurry up用于否定句中真实事例并不少。请看例证:

先来看在美国英语中hurry up用于否定句中的真实事例:

在BUY CORPUS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH (1990-2009) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University) 上共有以下例句:

1994 If ya’ll don’t hurry up, I’m just going to go home and go to bed.

1994 …especially if Jackson doesn’t hurry up and clear me back to survey duty.

1996 I’m gon na be late if I don’t hurry up, Tio.

1996 …she’d drown in here if she didn’t hurry up and get out of this room.

1998 A woman says a friend who lent her $ 500 has threatened her if she does not hurry up and repay the loan.

2005 I’m so sorry I didn’t hurry up.

2006 So why don’t you just hurry up and do it?

2006 …, filling in the lines, so pretty soon, if I don’t hurry up, there won’t be a way in hell to help the Eagles win

再来看在英国英语中hurry up用于否定句中的真实事例:

在BNC和 BUY-BNC BRTISH NATIONAL CORPUS (UK,1980s-1993) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University)上共有以下例句:

KC8 …get myself something to wear if I don’t hurry up and if I don’t hurry up and get something.

CGE “Sarah, if you don’t hurry up I’ll have to get your father to get you out of there.”

从以上例证可以看出无论在美国英语中、还是在英国英语中,hurry up都可以用于否定句中。

误区之二 hurry up不能用于肯定句中

《实用英语正误词典》(山东友谊出版社2002年8月第1版) p756:

【误】We must hurry up. There is no time to waste.

【正】We must hurry. There is no time to waste.

实际上,这种说法也是没有根据的,在当前的英美语中hurry up用于肯定句中的真实事例也确实存在。请看例证:

美国英语中,早在1927年就有hurry up用于肯定句中的真实事例。请看TIME CORPUS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH (1923-2006) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University ) 上的例句:

must hurry up and read whatever it is that Dennis has sent her.

1941/12/29 “ I must hurry up, “ said he, “ because I’m living now on the velvet of my life.”

再看BUY CORPUS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH (1990-2009) (Mark Davies, Brigham Young University) 上例句:

1990 If Manny knocked on the bathroom door and suggested that perhaps she should hurry up, Jennifer seemed to wilt into deeper uncertainty, making her late for classes.

1992 Nor should it support community activities. Gwinnett County should hurry up and build the civic center to host community activities.

1993 She waved her thin hand with the gold rings, signaling that he should hurry up and move.

1994 I don’t think just a vote in Congress should hurry up what’s going to happen out there.

1995 “I felt I should hurry up and come out before the rest,” says Roy director Michael Caton-Jones, whose film was originally scheduled for July.”

1995 I think you should hurry up and call for your hockey tickets, because they’re going fast.

1996 I laughed and laughed. It was so funny to see Santa in my den. I said to Santa, “You must hurry up and leave before my brother and sisters wake up.”

1997 It is good weather for drying clothes, so my sister and I should hurry up and pack up to go home.

1998 One must hurry up and exist. Being twenty years old means nothing.... Love whomever you want, experience all your desires, like a young animal.

2000 Or, when he tells his son, actor Michael Douglas, that they really should hurry up and make a picture together.

2001 After he started in with his tricks, saying how I should hurry up and get out of the presidential apartment in Datscha, it was disgusting.

2002 When he came out she said to him, “ Listen, dearest Roland, we must hurry up and flee.

2003 No one was saying that she should hurry up because the school bus would be coming pretty soon.

2006 She told him he should hurry up, that he should get started as soon as possible

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