中考英语易错题集锦4

所属专题:2015年中考英语  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:中考英语易错题  
编辑点评: 中考的脚步越来越近了,你还在傻傻分不清楚许多英语词组吗?你还在为那些难缠的英语句型而感到头疼吗?快来看看小编为你精挑细选的中考英语易错点集锦吧,相信总有适合你的~~~中考,加油!!!

31.[误]He became a writter at his twenties.
     [正]He became a writter in his twenties.
[析]这句话应译为:他在20多岁时就成了作家。在某人的一段生活时间段中要用介词in来表示,而在具体岁数时用at来表示。

32.[误]We went to swim in the river in a very hot day.
     [正]We went to swim in the river on a very hot day.
[析]具体某一天要用介词on,又如:on New Year’s Day

33.[误]I’m looking forward to seeing you on Christmas.
     [正]I’m looking forward to seeing you at Christmas.
[析]在节日的当天用on,而全部节日期间用at,Christmas是圣诞节期间,一般要有两周或更长的时间。

34.[误]I haven’t see you during the summer holidays.
     [正]I haven’t seen you since the beginning of the summer holidays.
[析]during表示在某一段时间之内,所 以一般不与完成时搭配,如:I visited a lot of museums during the holiday。而for表示一段时间,可以用于完成时, 如:I haven’t see you for a long time。而through用来表示时间时则为"整整,全部的时间"。 如:I trained through the night。而since则是表达主句动作的起始时间,一般要与完成时连用。

35.[误]At entering the classroom, I heard the good news.
     [正]On entering the classroom, I heard the good news.
[析]On加动名词表示"一……就"。本句的译文应是:我一进入教 室就听见这个好消息了。又如:on hearing…一听见,on arrival一到达就……(on表示动作的名词)

36.[误]In the beginning of the book,there are some interesting stories.
     [正]At the beginning of the book,there are some interesting stories.
[析]at the begining与 at the end都是指某事物的开始与结束部分,均不指时间范围,而in the beginning则是指开始一段时间。in the end=at last是 指"最终,终于"之意。

37.[误]Till the end of next week, I will have finished this work.
    [正]By the end of next week, I will have finished this work.
[析]by引起的时间状语表示了动作的截止点,其意思为" 不迟于某一时刻将工作做完",所以主句一般是完成时态。当然可以有将来时态,如:I'll be there by five o'clock。而till则表达其一动 作一直持续到某一时刻,但句中的动词一定要用持续性动词,而瞬间的截止性动词应用其否定句式, 如:I won't finish this work till(until) next weekend。

38.[误]He came to London before last weekend.
     [正]He had come to London before last weekend.
     [正]He came to London two weeks ago.
[析]before一般要与完成时连用,而ago则与一般过去时连用。

39.[误]I have studied English for three years since I had come here.
     [正]I have studied English for three yeas since I came here.
[析]since用来表达主句动作的开始时间,所以其引出 的从句中应为过去时,而不能用完成时态。

40.[误]I can help you repair this bike. You will get it after two hours.
     [正]I can help you repair this bike. You will get it in two hours.
[析]中文经常讲两小时之后来取,两天内会修好, 而这个介词在英文中要用in而不要用after。其原因有二,①after多用于过去时,如:I arrived in New York. After three days,I found a job in the bank.②after加时间是表达一个不确定 的时间范围,如:after three days,即三天之后的哪一天都可以。所以在许诺若干时间内会完成某事时,一定要用介词in。

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