中考英语易错题集锦6

所属专题:2015年中考英语  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:中考英语易错题  
编辑点评: 中考的脚步越来越近了,你还在傻傻分不清楚许多英语词组吗?你还在为那些难缠的英语句型而感到头疼吗?快来看看小编为你精挑细选的中考英语易错点集锦吧,相信总有适合你的~~~中考,加油!!!

51.[误]I'm sorry. I have to get out the bus at next stop.
     [正]I'm sorry. I have to get out of the bus at next stop.
[析]get in,与get out是两个相反的词组。get in为上车,而get out为下车,但语法家认为这里的in与out为副词,所以其 后不能接名词,我们可以讲We'd better get in.或We'd better get out.还有一组词组有关上下 车:get on/off(a train,a ship,a struck)get into/out of(a car,taxi…)

52.[误]Be careful. The temperature of the water is ninety degrees over zero.
     [正]B ecareful. The temperature of the water is ninety degrees above zero.
[析]over与above 在作为比某物高的意思时有时可以互换。但在垂直方向上的高矮时,即正上方时则要用above。而泛指上方时用over。

53.[误]The Dead Sea is under the sea level.
     [正]The Dead Sea is below the sea level.
[析]在垂直下方要用below。也就是讲above与below互为反意词,over与under也是反意词。

54.[误]There is a big tree in the front of the house.
     [正]There is a big tree in front of the house.
[析]in front of是在物体外部的前面,而in the front of是在物体内部的前面,如:The driver sits in the front of the bus.

55.[误]It took them two days to walk across the forest.
     [正]It took them two days to walk through the forest.
[析]across作为介词有两个主要意思:①横过,如:I want to walk across the street.②对面, 如:There is a postoffice across the street,而through多用于三维空间中的穿越。across则多用于平面上的横 过。如:The little girl ran across the room to meet her mother.

56.[误]The sun sets toward the west.
     [正]The sun sets in the west.
[析]towards也可用作toward,它主要表达朝向某方向运动,但不一定到达, 如:He ran toward(s) the mountain.而在表示方位east, west, north, south时,其前面要用in。要注意的是这4 个词可以用作副词,如:I went south.也可用作名词,如:I went to the south.也可用作形容词, 如:I went to the south part of China.

57.[误]Can I write the exam paper with ink?
     [正]Can I write the exam paper with a pen?
     [正]Can I write the exam paper in ink?
[析]with后要加拿得 起来放得下的工具,而墨水、颜料等原料则要用in。

58.[误]I'm earlier today. I came here by his car.
     [正]I'm earlier today.I came here in his car.
[析]在交通工具前加介词by,但不能再有任何指示代词或冠词,否则要改换相应的介词。by taxi=in a taxi, by train=in a train, by bicycle=on a bicycle, by ship=on a ship

59.[误]A lot of French wines are made of grape.
     [正]Al ot of French wines are made from grape.
[析]made of是指由原材料到成品过程中原材料未发生质地的变化,而发生了某种变化则要用from,如:The desk was made of hard wood.

60.[误]This is a good dictionary in English grammar.
     [正]This is a good dictionary on English grammar.
[析]关于某方面的书籍、报告等有两个介词,其中on表示某专业用书,about则为某方面的普通读物,如:This is a book about physics.即物理科普知识。

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