《文法俱乐部》----Answer key 6

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Answer key 6

A decade ago, nearly a million and a half elephants were living in Africa.

                                                                              pp  

During the past ten years, the number of elephants has dwindled to about one half. These elephants are still being killed for their tusks, which

                                                                                                                                                    pp    Ven

are worth a lot of money, in spite of an increasing outcry against elephant  

                                                        pp  

hunting. Most elephants killed today die in the hand of illegal hunters.

   Gr                            Ven

A grass-consuming animal, the elephant eats as much as 300 pounds a day

        pp  

when fully grown. Wandering far and wide in their search for food,

                   Ven       pp  

elephants can move dozens of miles a day.

 

Failingto find the grasses they like best, they may turn to the trees and

   pp      Inf

eat them.

Today, the remaining grasslands for the elephant are seriously reduced.

                      pp                                                            Ven

Many places along their migration routes have been turned into farms. Some

                                                               Ven   Ven

elephants are killed by farmers while feeding on the farms.

                      pp                           pp

What can the people do here in Taiwan about a threatened animal living so

                                                                      Ven                pp  

far away? First, we should know that there is a law protecting elephants,

                                                                          pp  

even here. People cannot buy or smuggle items made from ivory or any part

                                                                Ven

of the elephant's body. Some handicapped persons living on making name

                                                 Ven               pp           Gr

chops have been protesting that the law impairs their livelihood, making

                 Ven     pp                                                           pp 

it impossible for them to earn money. There are, of course, many substitute

                               Inf

materials for elephant tusks, water buffalo horns being an important one.

                                                                   pp 

Most countries are now no longer importing ivory. It is hoped that the ban

                                                   pp                    Ven  

on buying or selling ivory will save the remaining African elephants.

       Gr         Ge                                     pp  

Wildlife conservation organizations like the WWF are not facing the problem

                                                       pp

lying down. Claiming that the ivory-producing countries are unable

    pp          pp                          pp 

to protectthe elephants there, they are proposing some market-oriented

    Inf                                                    pp                 Ven

approaches to solving the problem.

                      Gr

 

译文:

  10前,几近150万头大象还在非洲存活。而这10年来,大象数目已减少了一半。尽管对偷猎大象的谴责日渐高涨,但为了获得贵重的象牙,这些大象仍一直遭到猎杀如今遇害的大象大都死于非法盗猎者之手。

  大象是草食动物,成年象一天可吃掉300磅的草。长途跋涉、到处寻找食物时,大象一天可移动数十英里的距离。若找不到最喜欢的草,大象会转而吃树。

  今日仅存、可供大象活动的草原已严重减少。大象迁移路线上有多处已开辟成农场。有些大象在农场觅食时被农人打死。

  在台湾的人,对遥远地方这种饱受威胁的动物能出什么力?首先,我们要了解大象受法律保护,在台湾亦然。象牙或大象身体任何部分的制品都禁止走私、买卖。有些以刻印维生的残障人士抗议这条法律侵害他们的生计,让他们不赚钱。当然象牙有许多替代材料,很主要的一种就是水牛角。大部分国家已不再进口象牙。希望买卖象牙的禁令能挽救现存的非洲象。野生动物保护组织,如世界自然基金会,面对这个问题也不是纯然束手无策。他们表示象牙生产国无法保护国内的大象,所以提出了一些市场导向的方法来解决这一问题。

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