中考英语易错易混知识点集锦(二)

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编辑点评: 2017中考英语语法易错易混知识点集锦

11. Look! Here the bus comes.(×)
Look! Here comes the bus.(√)
[析] 在以here, there引起的陈述句中,若句子的主语是名词,要用倒装语序,即用“Here /There+动词+名词”结构;但主语若是代词时,则不用倒装语序, 即用“Here/There +代词+动词”结构。

12. I do well in playing football, _______. (我妹妹也行。)A. so my sister does(×)B. so does my sister(√)
Li Lei is really a football fan. --- _______. (确实这样.) A. So is he(×)         B. So he is(√)
[析] “so+be动词/助动词+主语”的倒装结构表示前面所述情况也适用于后者,意为“……也是这样”;“so+主语+be动词/助动词”的陈述结构表示对前述情况的肯定,意为“……确实如此”。

13. 重庆比中国的其他城市都大。
Chongqing is larger than any city in China. (×)
Chongqing is larger than any other city in China. (√)
[析] “any city in China”包括了重庆这座城市, 同一事物自己与自己不能做比较,只有在city 前加上other才能表示重庆和中国的其它城市比较大小。
The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than Beijing. (×)
The weather in Guangzhou is warmer than that in Beijing . (√)
[析] 表示比较时,句子中的两个比较对象必须一致,不同的比较对象不能做比较。错误句的比较对象分别为the weather in Guangzhou和Beijing,这两个不同类的事物之间不能做比较。

14. His sister married with a teacher last summer.(×)
His sister married a teacher last summer. (√)
[析] 表达“A和B结婚”,要用A married/will marry  B。这时务必要避免受汉语影响使用A married/will marry with B。

15. There is going to have a film tonight. (×)
There is going to be a film tonight. (√)
[析] 一般将来时用在 There be 句式中时,be going to或will之后的动词原形只能用be,也就是说要用There is (are) going to be.... / There will be....。

16. 例I’ll go hiking if it won’t rain next Sunday. (×)
I’ll go hiking if it doesn’t rain next Sunday.(√)
[析] 习惯上在含有时间状语从句和条件状语从句的复合句中,如果主句的谓语动词用了一般将来时,从句的谓语动词要用一般现在时表示将来的动作。

17.例 Teacher told us yesterday that the earth went around the sun.  (×)
Teacher told us yesterday that the earth goes around the sun.   (√)
[析] 习惯上在含有宾语从句的复合句中,主句的谓语动词用了一般过去时,从句的谓语动词要用过去的某种时态。但如果从句表述的是一客观事实或客观真理时,则不受主句时态的影响,而用一般现在时。

18. All the balls are not round. 翻译成汉语:
所有的球都不是圆的。(×)
并不是所有的球都是圆的。(√)
[析] all, every, both等词和not连用时,not通常放在all, every, both的后面,一般情况下表示部分否定,意为“并非……都……”。

19. 例--- He didn’t go to school yesterday, did he?-- _______, though he didn’t feel very well.
A. No, he didn’t (×)        B. Yes, he did (√)
例--- Don’t you usually come to school by bike?-- _______. But I sometimes walk.
A. No, I don’t (×)          B. Yes, I do (√)
[析] 习惯上英语中的yes意为“是的”,no意为“不”,但在“前否后肯”的反意疑问句或否定疑问句中,yes意为“不”,no意为“是的”。

20.---- Excuse me, is the supermarket far from here?---- No,it's about _______.
A.      7 minutes walk  B. 7 minute walk  C. 7 minutes'  walk  D. 7 minute's walk
[析] 答案为C。本题考查名词所有格用法。当名词的复数以-s结尾时,则只需要加“'”即可,则“7分钟的距离”为“7 minutes'  walk”。

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