中考英语易错易混知识点集锦(18)

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编辑点评: 2017中考英语语法易错易混知识点集锦

171. The bus ____C__ on the road for 2 hours so far.    
A. has stopped   B. stopped   C. has been
Are you __A___ the jacket these days?      
A. wearing    B. putting on  C. dressing   D. on
He __C______ foe 2 hours.   
A. got up   B.  has got up    C. has been up
You mustn't ___B_____ until he comes back.      
A. be away   B. leave   C. be left

172. —These farmers have been to the United States.  —Really ? When _____ there?
A. will they go  B. did they go  C. do they  go  D. have they gone
解析:现在完成时与一般过去时容易混淆,就是因为它们所表示的动作都发生在过去,但二者又有区别:一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的事、存在的状态或经常发生的动作,说话的侧重点在于陈述一件过去的事情,与现在没有关系;现在完成时表示与现在有关系的发生在过去的动作,它不与表示过去的时间状语(如yesterday , last week , a moment ago等)连用。故9的正确答案为B.

173. His father ______ the Party since 1978.
A. joined    B. has joined     C. was in     D. has been in    
解析:现在完成时中,非延续性动词不能与for和since引导的表示一段时间的状语连用,通常是用相应的延续性动词来代替。故11的正确答案依次为:D.

174. You must make your new house clean and safe __C_____you move in.
A. because  B. when  C. before  D. until
I was _______tired _______I couldn't walk on.(A)
A.so…that     B. too…to  C. very…that     D. very…to
I thought he ___D____ to see his mother if he time.
A. will go…has     B. will go …will have C. would go …would have   D. would go …had

175. Today the forests have almost gone. People must ___C____ down too many trees.
A. stop from cutting   B. stop to cut C. be stopped from cutting D. be stopped to cut

176. It's very nice _________ you to get me two tickets _________ the World Cup.(B)
A. for, of B. of, for C. to, for D. of, to

177.  My mother was very glad __A____ her old friend.
A. to meet B. meet C. met D. meets
解析:"be +形容词+ to do sth"结构中的不定式作状语,常表示原因或方式。

178. . The panda is so fat that it can't go through the hole.(改为意思相同的句子)
The hole ______ ______ ______ ______ such a fat panda to go through.( is, too, small, for)
解析:"too +形容词/副词(for sb)to do…"(太……而不能……)和"enough (for sb) to do…"(足以、足够……做……)结构中,不定式作结果状语。

179. The new hospital ___ D ___ is near the factory. 
A. build B. builds C. to build D. to be built
解析:当不定式的逻辑主语是不定式所表示的动作的承受者(宾语)时,用动词不定式的被动式,即:to be +过去分词;如果不定式所表示的动作发生在谓语动词表示的动作之前,不定式用完成式,即:to have +过去分词;如果不定式表示的动作和谓语动词表示的动作同时发生,用不定式的进行式,即:to be +现在分词

180.________ China isn't rich now, ________we're working hard to make her richer and stronger (B)
A. Though; but   B. Though; /C. Both; and   D. Because; so
解析:so(因此; 所以)为并列连词,表示结果;because(因为)为从属连词,表示原因,但这对因果连词在句中不可同时并用。but(可是)也为并列连词,表示转折,与之对应的从属连词though/although (虽然)表示让步,它们也不可在句中同时使用。

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