初二英语上册知识点总结:短语、句型(1)

所属专题:初二英语上册知识点  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:初二英语知识点  
编辑点评: 在初中阶段的英语教学中,初二年级的分化现象往往十分突出,直接影响着学生在整个中学阶段的英语成绩,同时也阻碍了初中英语教学质量的提高。采用展示性的直观教学方法,使学生一上课就置身于一个讲英语的环境中,在既紧张而又活泼的气氛中学习英语。

1、如有always ,often, usually, sometimes, seldom, never, once a....,every...用一般现在时,第一、二人称复数后跟动词原形,第三人称单数后跟动词加's'/'es'。

2、如有now ,look! ,listen, at the moment ....用现在进行时,结构是be (am, is, are) +v-ing

3、如有tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, from now on, in +一段时间, some day, next....用一般将来时,结构:will + v原  \ be going to +v原(没有动词用be )

4、如有yesterday, ......ago , last....just now.....用一般过去时动词加ed

give sb. Sth.=give sth. to sb.给某人某物    every day每天,

write down写下,记下write it (them) down   everyday每天的,日常的,

 how about doing sth.=what about doing sth.做....怎么样       each other 互相.

thanks a lot= thank you very much非常谢谢

回答That's all right. =You're welcome.= That'OK.= It's my pleasure.=Not at all.Why don't you+V原...=why not+...V原 为什么不

help sb. with sth.在某方面帮助别人       help sb. (to )do sth.帮助某人做某事

with one's help=with the help of sb.在某人的帮助help oneself to sth.请自用食物

watch sb. do sth.看到某人做了某事,(现在没有做,做过)

watch sb. doing sth.看到某人正在做某事(正在做)see, hear类似

remember to do sth.想起记得要做某事,未做事  remember doing sth.相起记得做过某事

forget to do sth.忘记要做某事         forget doing sth.忘记做过某事

welcome back欢迎回来  ,            new term新学期

this term这学期,                   next term 下学学期,

last term上学期,                   give you some advice给你一些建议

why not为什么不,                make a mistake=make mistakes犯错误

correct spelling正确的拼写,  what else?=what other things? 还有什么

a piece of advice一条建议,         follow /take one's advice采用别人的建议,

send sth to sb.=send sb. sth.寄给某人send for派人去请/取

send up发射.                          all the time一直

enjoy oneself=have a good time=have a great time=have fun,玩得愉快

lots of =a lot of =many(可数)\much(不可数)许多,          ,

spend :  sb. spend some time on sth.某人花费时间做某事

         sb. spend some time (in) doing sth.某人花费时间做某事

         Sb. spend some money on sth.某人花费钱买某物

         Sb. spend some money (in) buying sth.某人花费钱买某物

Cost:    sth. cost sb. some money某物花去某人钱

 pay:    sb. pay some money for sth.某人支付钱

Take: It takes (took) sb.some time to do sth.做某事花去某人时间

 ask for请求,要求,        ask sb. for sth.向某人要某物

 ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事    a piece of一块

enjoy doing sth喜欢做某事.finish,practise, mind, miss ,consider,keep, continue,这些词语后跟动名词形式V-ing 

place sth.in =put sth. in把某物放在…里面

else常修饰不定代词,关系代词或副词,也可修饰all, much,little等,else要位于其后。所有格为else's.

take a deep breath深呼吸,     catch\hold one's breath屏住呼吸,

out of breath上气不接下气,     wish sb. to do sth.希望某人做某事,

the number of…的数目,后跟名词复数,动词用三单,  a number of =many,大量,许多后跟名词复数,动词用复数形式。a large number of,a small number of ,

invite sb.to do sth.邀请某人做某事   find+ it+ adj+to do sth.发现做某事怎么样

try to do sth.尽力做事               try doing sth. 尝试做某事

try not to do sth .尽力不做某事          try one's best尽某人最大的努力,

a group of一组,一群,           borrow sth from sb.从某人处借入某物,

lend sth.to sb=lend sb.sth.借给某人某物         keep借一段时间

practice doing sth.,练习做做某事          come from=be from来自,

look for寻找,                 look after=care for=take care of照顾

look up向上看,查阅,             look like看起来像,

look at看着,                     look on sb. as把某人看作,

look forward to doing sth.盼望,期待做某事        look over检查,翻阅,

look out当心,向外看,           look through仔细查看,

be ready for =get ready for=prepare for为…,        be ready准备好,

be (get ) ready to do sth.准备做某事,乐意做某事

translate…into… 将…译成…,

take a message捎个信,           leave a message留个信,

be good for对…有好处,          be good at =do well in擅长于…

be poor at =be bad at =do badly in=be weak in不擅长…  Think of想起,

think about想出,                  think over仔细考虑,

else修饰不定代词something,everything,anything,nothing,somebody,anybody,

nobody和who, what,when,where时放后,

四说,1,speak说语言,2.say说内容,3,talk与谁说,4,tell告诉,讲述,

四看,1,watch观看电视,比赛和表演,2,see看人,电影,医生,风景,

     3,read看书,报,4,look就看。  看场电影要用see,读书看报用read  电视、戏剧、比赛,凡是表演用watch,observe细观察,一时注意用notice.

make+宾语+补足语(形容词)使某人某物怎么样。

.make+宾语+do 让某人做某事

make+宾语+过去分词   使某人被怎么样;make friends with sb.与某人交朋友,

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