初二英语上册知识点总结:短语、句型(3)

所属专题:初二英语上册知识点  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:初二英语知识点  
编辑点评: 初二学生要是能听懂老师和同学说的英语,自己能用英语表达简单的思想,能读懂简易读物,他们就会感到有收获,兴趣就会产生,所以每堂课都注意让学生有练的内容,有练的时间。

in the end =finally最后,终于,

take  a photo=take photos照相,店       cook sth for sb.=cook sb.sth. 为某人做饭buy,make

such+a /an +adj+单数名词=so +adj+a/an+单数名词(名前such,形副so,多多少少也用so,little属特殊,“小”用such,少用so.)   

交通工具的乘坐,take  the(a) +交通工具to , =go...by+交通工具=go...on /in+a(the)+交通工具(小汽车只能用in ,其余的可用in ,on);

walk to some where=go to...on foot;   fly to somewhere.=go ....by plane

ride to somewhere=go...by bike,     drive to somewhere=go to by car,

a kind of一种,     be kind to sb对某人友善     since then从那时起,

take off脱下,起飞,请假,        reckon=consider =regard =think考虑,认为,

be reckoned (to be) ,被以为            reckon....as... 相当于

regard ...as...把当成                 in the photo,在照片里

go abroad,出国          be abroad,在国外    travel abroad,到国外旅行

sell out,卖光           sell to , 卖给某人            sell well卖得好,

四个也:also,肯定,行前be 后;too肯定,句末;either,否定,句末;as well,肯定,句末。

go to sleep,去睡觉              the price of,....的价格,形容价格用high,low。

sell sth at a high price,以高价出售,     sell sth at a low price,以低价出售。

yet ,用于完成时态的否定句和疑问句中;have a wonderful time 玩得高兴,

would like to do sth=want to do sth,想要做某事

would like sb. to do sth=wat sb to do sth想要某人做某事

MODULE3

already早已,用于完成时的肯定,;yet,用于完成时的否定和疑问;just,用于完成时

 just now=a moment ago用于过去时,  

arrive at (小地方)/in(大地方)=reach=get to ,到达

bring,从外往里拿,    take ,从里往外拿,   carry无方向,    fetch往返拿,

more than ,=over,多于             less than,少于

alone,个体单独,独自;          lonely,孤独,寂寞,也表示荒凉,

most of.. ..的大多数,              a  visit to 对...的参观, 

on a visit to....,参观...              for a visit 参观,     pay a visit to ,拜访

as ...as....和....一样               not as ...as..=not so ...as 不如,

so ...that如此...以致于....如果that后是否定,就可以用too...to转换,如果是肯定就用,形容+enough(for sb )to do sth.

be famous for因...面著名(原因),         be famous as以...身份或产地而著名

prefer doing sth. to doing sth.=like doing sth better than doing sth更喜欢做某事,

prefer to更喜欢...  prefer to do sth rather than do sth.宁愿做某事而不愿做某事,

return from a visit to从...访问返回,     

be named  after以...的名字命名,

be proud of以....自豪,           be up to sb.由某人决定,

up to从事于,忙于,                space station在太空站,

show sth  to sb.=show sb sth把某物给某人看,    on business出差,因...公事,

在...的上面  over,在..上面,正上方,中间有段空间,反义为under

on在...上面,贴着物表,反义beneath,    above在..上方,高出,反义below

in the sky=in the air在天空中,         by air=by plane坐飞机,

in the last three years在过去三年里,用于现在完成时,

none用于三个以上的全否定,反义为all;neither两个都不,反义为both,

the lastest news,最新消息,     share sth.with sb.与分享某物

MODULE4  get on /along with sb,与...相处,   get on well with sb.与...相处融洽

hear about ,hear of听说,          in fact实际上,

the Hope Schools,希望学校     look after=take care of =care for,照顾

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