期末英语测试题及答案

所属专题:初二英语试卷  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:初二英语期末试卷  
编辑点评: 学习英语的关键在于运用。我们没有说外语的环境,但要尽量创造。应该是先开口说。大声朗读不仅可以练 习发音,形成良好的语感,而且对听力的提高也有着不可低估的作用。一开始,可能不太习惯,但没有关系,只要坚持就会有结果 。
初二期末测试题
 
选择填空(本题共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)
从A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
( )1.__________ it was rainy , they went to the cinema to see a film . 
A Before  B Because  C Though  D After 
( )2.I think Edison was a(n) _____ person , he invented so many things in his life . 
A creative  B  honestC energetic  D funny  
( )3.----Where should I ____ the flight , sir ? 
-----Let me look , Oh , at the gate of 12 over there .
A realise  B refuse  C board  D .rewrite 
( )4.I feel ____  when I am at home by myself .I want my parents to be with me . 
A worried  B pleasedC lonely  D untidy  
( )5. ----Yesterday my hand hurt and I went to the hospital .
 ----- Really ? _________________.
A What a shame  B It’s nice of you 
C Rather you than me D I am sorry to hear that
( )6.The room has a great ______ of the mountains , I often sit inside and look out of the windows. 
A name  B time  C place  D view  
( )7.The teacher call all the students  to be _____ in the class . 
A quiet  B clear  C awakeD alone  
( )8.The man looks after the baby very well , _____ he is her real father . 
A  as if  B even ifC such asD as a result  
( )9.Look , Sally is sitting __________ her  friends .
A between  B among  C  beside  D front  
( )10.New year is a ______ holiday , all the people in the world celebrate it . 
A new  B old  C national  D public  
( )11.Mozart could  play the violin on _____ own  at the age of  5.
A his  B him C himself  D he  
( )12.After the accident , We have to send the _______ people to the hospital quickly . 
A happy  B injured  C local  D lonely  
( )13.In  modern society , computers  are  very important _____ for us .They are  very useful  
A ideas  B tools  C worksD problems 
(  )14.--------  -_________?
---------- There was something  wrong with  my leg .
A what did you do ?B Why did you bet ?
C. What happened to you ?  D Why did you do that ?
(  )15.My grandparents love me  very much , they want to do _____  for me .
A nothing  B everything  C nothing  D anything  
()16.I will go to England for a trip next week !___________.
A Good idea B Don’t be silly
C So would I D Have a safe  trip  
( )17. I think you can do it better ____ you do it more carefully .
A unless  B if  C before  D though 
( )18.He has worked for 19 hours , he needs to stop __________.
A working  B to work  C rest  D to rest  
(  )19. Could you tell me _____________? Yes,go straight , turn right , you will find it ., 
A where was the hotel ?B What’s  wrong with you ?
C. how I  can go to the hotel ?D Where is the hotel ?
(  )20.Don’t ______ your son , he will be better soon . 
  A worry about  B stay cool C laugh at  D feel like 
II.完型填空(一) (本题共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
 
阅读下面短文,从各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
Coffee has been a part of People’s lives for _1___ years ,and it is still a favourite drink in the world. Here is a story of  coffee and __2_ it was discovered , 
The story _3_ us coffee was discovered in Africa long __4_. One day a farmer __5_ his  goats , and he saw them __6 berries (种子) from a plant . The goats became ____7_ after they ate the berries . The man often felt  tired ,__8__ he decided to try the berries , too . _____9____, he didn’t feel  tired any more . Coffee plants were thus discovered . The  coffee wa taken  from  Africa to _____countries  in Europe and America .After  that the farmers started to grow the plants there , especially  in South America . 
 
(  )1.A thousand ofB thousand  C thousands of  D a thousand of  
(  )2.A how B whyC what D who  
(  )3.A saysB speaks Ctalks  Dtells  
(  )4.A time ago  B times ago  C time before  D time later  
(  )5.A watch  B watchesC was watchingD is watching  
(  )6.A eat B eats C ateDhas eaten  
(  )7.A very tired Bvery active  C badly ill  Dfast asleep  
(  )8.A but B orC because D so  
(  )9.A for his great surprise B  With great surprise  
  C to his great surprise  D  on his great surprise  
(  )10.A another  B otherC othersD the other 
III.阅读理解(一) (本题共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
Thirty years ago. Lake Ponkapog was full of life. Many birds and animals lived beside the water, which was full of fish. Now there are few birds, animals and fish. The lake water is polluted. It is filled with strange plants.
 How did this happen? First, we must think about how water gets into Ponkapog. When it rains,water comes into the lake from all around. In the past, there were forests all around Lake Ponkapog, so the rainwater was clean.
Now there are many homes around the lake. People often use chemicals in their gardens. They use other chemicals inside their houses for cleaning of killing insects(昆虫). 
There are also many businesses.Businesses use chemicals in their-machines or shops. When it rains, the rainwater picks up all the chemicals from homes and businesses and then carries them into the lake. So more bad chemicals go into the water this way.
People around the lake love their lake and want to save it. Will it be possible? A clean lake must have clean rainwater going into it. Clean rainwater is possible only if people are careful about chemicals at home and at work. They must also be more careful about gas and oil and other chemicals on the ground, and they mustn't use motorboats any more on the lake. All these may change people's lives. Only then can Lake Ponkapog be a beautiful clean lake again.
1 .In the past the water in Lake Ponkapog was made clean by ______.
A. fish B. rain C. birds D. forests
2. From the fourth paragraph we know that _______.
A. people like to go boating on the lake
B. some bad chemicals are important to the lake
C. chemicals-from motorboats also make the lake water dirty
D. how oil gets into the lake water
3. To save the lake, people need to __________.
A. use less water
B. changed their daily lives
C. grow fewer plants in the gardens
D. be less careful about chemicals
4. "Chemicals" in the story means ___________.
A. 污染品 B.  化学家  C.药品  D.化学制品
5. What makes the lake water dirty?
A. Chemicals  B. Strange plantsC. RainwaterD. Both A and B
 
 B 
You may hear about earthquakes , but do you know what to do before ,during and after an earthquake,? Here is some adivice for you .
Before an earthquake :  It is necessary to prepare yourself and your family . All family members should  know how to  turn off gas (煤气),water and electrity  and know useful  telephone numbers (doctor, hospital , police , 119 , etc.) Never put heavy things over beds . 
During an earthquakeIt is important for each of you to stay cool  .If you are indoors , quickly move to  a safe place in the room such as  under a strong desk  or strong table. The purpose is to protect yourself from falling  objects. Stay away  from windows, large mirrors , heavy furniture(家具) and so on . If you are cooking , turn off the gas . 
If you are outdoors , move to an open area like a playground. Mobe away  from buildings , bridges and trees . If you are  driving ,stop the car as soon as possible , staying away from bridges and tall buildings . Stay in your car . 
After an earthquake  Once the shaking has stopped . Don’t run out of the building at once . It’s better to wait and leave when it is safe . 
Check  around you and help people who are in trouble . If your building is badly broken you should leave it .If you smell or hear a gas , get everyone outside and open windows and doors . If you can do it safely , turn off the gas.Report it  to the gas company .
 
(  )6 Which  of the following is mentioned in the second paragraph ?
A People should know how to turn on gas 
B.People should know how to save water . 
C.Poele shouldn’t put heavy boxes over beds . 
D.People shouldn’t  forget the phone number ofothers . 
(  )7.When an earthquakehappens , _____ can help you deal with it.
A standing still  B staying coolC looking outside  D moving indoors 
(  )8.During an earthquake , if you are  driving in an open area , you should _____.
A speed up your car  B stop your car and stay in  C slow down you car  D stop your car and run out  
(  )9.When the earth stops shaking , you should ___
A check around you  firstB  run out of the  building at onceC vreak windows and doors D write a report to your company  
()10. You can learn _____  after  reading the passage . 
A  whant an earthquake  is like  
B  what to do to avoid  an earthquake 
C. How an earthquake happens  
D  how to protect yourself in an earthquake  
 
 C 
Scientists have dicovered  the world’s funniest joke ! Dr Wiseman , from Oxford University  in Britain , . created a website with jokes on it . He then asked people to rate (定级) the jokes  from  1( not very funny ) yo  5 ( very funny ). People could also tell their onw jokes . At the end of one year , Wiseman has two million ratings and 40,000 jokes from around the world . 
 Why study jokes ? Dr Wiseman thinks humor can tell us  a lot about people. In Wiseman ‘s experiment (实验), people  from  different countries did think different hokes were funny . for example, Europeans rated jokes  about serious  topics like death “Very funny “. North Americans laughed most at jokes  that made fun of people . So , wtaht was the world’s funniest joke ?
Two men were hunting , sundernly, one man falls down and isn’t moving The other man calls for help  on his mobile phone .”Help !” The man says “ I think my friend is dead !”” I can  help you “says the woman on the phone ,”first , are you sure your friedn is dead ?”It’s quiet for a minute . Then the woman hears a gunshot (枪声). The man returns  to the phone “Yes, he is dead . Now  what ?”
In Dr Wiseman’s experiment , people from a number of countries , old and young , men and women , all thought this jike was  very funny . What about you ?
(  ) 11.How did Dr Wiseman find the  funniest joke  in the world ?
A He asked different scientists for their ideas .
B He asked people to rate jokes on the website.
C.He asked his students about their favourite jokes ., 
D.He seachered  the Internet and chose it by himself . 
(  )12. What kind of jokes  mad Europeans laugh most ?
A jokes about hunting  B jokes about people 
C jokes about telephoning  D jokes about death  
(  )13.Which of the following can best desribe the mand calling for help in the joke ?
A He  is foolish  B he id confident  C he is clever  D  He is dishonest  
(  )14.What can we learn from the passage ?
A The womdn told the man to kill his  friend 
B Dr Wiseman wasn’t interested  in Asia jokes 
C All the people in the world  liked jokes  about death  
D. Dr Wiseman studied jokes  to know about  people  
(  )15.How many  ratings did the Dr Wiseman get ?
A 40,000  B 200,000C 2, 000,000  D 4000
 
IV. 情景交际(本题共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
根据对话内容选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,有两项为多余选项
Jim :  Who is the richest man in the world , do you know ?
Tony : No, I don’t . ____1_____
Jim :  It’s an American called Bill Gates . 
Tony : I don’t know anything about him . 
Jim :  You don’t know anything about him ? Well , you shouldn’t . ___2_____.
Tony:  Microsoft ? What’s that ?
Jim : You don’t know  about Microsoft? It’s the biggest , most important computer company in the world . Bill Gates is rich because people all over the world use Microsoft products in their compuers . 
Tony : Oh yes . I know Microsoft.______3_________?
Jim:Because he is a very special man . He is very rich , but he’s also very kind. He wants to give most his money away so that he can help other people . 
Tony : Does he ? That’s very good of him . _______4_______
Jim : Yes , they do . But Bill and his wife Melinda think it’s important to help people . You know , their money has helped more than 670,000 people  all  over the world . 
Tony :_________
Jim :  It’s true . They have given away  more money than anyone else in the world .
Tony :Well , they are wonderful people . When can I meet them ?
A. But why are you telling me about Bill Gates ?
B. He is the head of tf Microsoft .
C Why does he send away his money ?
D Most rich people want to keep their money !
E who is it ?
F Do they like money ?
G No , I don’t believe that !
V. 完型填空(二)(本题共13小题,每小题1分,满分13分)
A.阅读下面短文,根据文意,将方框内所给的词填入相应的空白处,使短文意思完整。(每个词只用一次)
everywhere, another, visit, , Food, history,  make, experience, people
In the past , people  used to travel to foreign countries  because  they thought they would be different  in many ways – the buildings , the_1____, the national dressed and so on . At present , however , one large city  is similar to _2____. They all  have their Hilton  or Sheraton Hotels everywhere . They all have their McDonald’s ,  their KFCs and their Pizza hunts . Office buidings look the same___3___, and most city centers full of office buidings , And of course , people are driving  the same brands(品牌) of Japanese or European cars . 
Then what is the foreign travel for ? What do tourists hope to ______4_____in a foreign country that they can’t  experience  at home ? The answer could be that people are very interested in the past. It is a nation’s _____5_____and culture that are the main attractions . Most people travel oversea to find out what foreign countries history and cultures  used to be like , not what they are like  today .Tourists try to learn  the history  and  culture of foreign countries by  visiting  different  kinds of museums.
Every counrty also has its own  beautiful  places  for tourists to ____6_____. Their own special  scenery(风景)  would certainly attract tourists from other countries.
 Finally , there is perhaps  a country ‘s attraction:It’s people . A country is not just its old buildings , its works of art  or beautiful places , it’s also the ______7_____who  lve in it. This is why a country  such as Thailand attracts millions of people . The  tourists come mainly  because of the friendness of the people there .It is why  the Pacific islands are also so popular. The friendly , smiling people  __8____visitors  feel welcome . 
 B.阅读下面短文,在短文的空格内填入适当的词,使其内容通顺。(每个空填一词)
On a cold winter afternoon , I was walking home from a surpermarket. I was feeling a little tired ,as I was  carrying my shopping bags. They were so heavy _____I decided to  stop to have a rest  in the park . I walked towards the gate of the park . I  noticed  a man walking out of the restaurant  in front of me .He was holdinga paper bag . He walked  to a nearby dustbin (垃圾箱) and started looking through it . 
I suddenly felt sad . I knew the man would take all that he could get , so I went up to him and__________ him some fruit . The man , with wrinkles (皱纹) on his face , looked up  in surprise and took  what I gave him. 
A big______ appeared on his face and I felt very happy . Then he said “Wow ! First someone  gave me this sandwich, then this drink , and now some delicious fruit . This is my daughter’s lucky  day .  Thank you, boy .” Then he went________ , singing a song .’
Just then , I understood what the saying “Giving is getting” really meant. Everyone in the world needs help , everyone can offer help and everyone will be helped by showing kindness. Giving sometimes doesn’t cost ______ , but it means a lot to the people who you help . 
The man’s happiness at that moment  comes into my mind  every time I have the chance  to help others . 
 
阅读理解(二)(本题共6小题,每小题2分,满分12分)
 阅读下列短文,完成下列问题。
Do you have a mobile  phone ? Do you send  text meaasges to your friends and family  ?
Text messaging  or “texting “(短信), is becoming very  popular . But, scientists have  discovered that texting can  give us problems with our hands . Be careful ! Too much texting can  cause swelling (肿胀) in our  thumbs (拇指). Our thumbs  were not made for pushing small buttons , over and over. Scientists  call this problem  RSI(重复性紧张劳损).We spoke to a doctor called harriet Wilson , who treats many  sick people with RSI .(6) She says that we need to see how much time we are spending in typing text messages.If we are spending more that 10-15 minutes at once , we  could have peoblems in the  future . 
(7)As  mobile phones develop , they are getting small with buttons closer  together .  Texting with a smaller phone ,. Is it worse  than using a larger phone with bigger buttons . Using a computer keyboard and playing  video games can cause the same  problem . So more and  more people  could find themselves  with RSI. Among them , most are university students  and teenagers , as they  do not know the risks of spending  so much time  using computers , video games and mobile phones . If we don’t  do something about this , too many young  people could grow up in terrible pain . 
According to the passage , what is becoming popular now ?
_________________________________________________?
Does the word “Once “ mean “one time” in the second passage ?
__________________________.
What kind of people  are easier to have the problem of RSI ?
______________________________?
What can also cause RSI except texting ?
_____________________________.
翻译成汉语 
5.____________________________________________________.
6.___________________________________________________.
 
 写(满分25分)
A. 句子翻译。根据下面各题所给汉语意思用英语完成句子。(共5小题,每题2分,满分10分)
1. 我真的很期盼着去北京看长城。 
I am really ________________________  the Great Wall in  Beijing . 
2.他太小了以至于不能自己穿衣服。 
He is _________ young ______ he can’t  dress himself . 
3.地理老师说地球围绕着太阳转。 
Geopraphy teacher said that _____________________________.
4.尽管天冷 ,他们还是出去散步了。 
_______________ the cold weather , they went outo to have a walk . 
5.什么使你对音乐那么感兴趣?
______________________________________________?
 
B.书面表达(满分15分)
  
假设今年暑假有一些英国中学生要来你校参观访问,你准备参与接待工作。为了提前做好各项准备,学校要求参与接待的学生用英语拟订一个接待计划。请根据以下的方面来拟订你的计划。内容包括:
你要做的事情(多练习英语;了解英国学生的兴趣,爱好;做了解大连的历史,文化和名胜)。
你准备为来宾准备的1—2项活动。
 注意:
1。60词左右
2.不能透露个人的任何信息。
Some UK high school  students will come to our cshool  during the summer holidays . To help them ,I_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
期末英语测试题答题纸
  26中林秀晶  -------2009.06 
单项填空(本题共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)
1.______2._____ 3.______ 4.______5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______10._____11.____12._____13.______14._____15._____16.______17._____18._____19.______20.______
 
完形填空(一) (本题共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
1.______2._____ 3.______ 4.______5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______10._______
 
III阅读理解(一) (本题共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)
1.______2._____ 3.______ 4.______5.______ 6.______ 7.______ 8.______ 9.______10._______11.____12._____13.______14._____15._____
 
IV. 情景交际(本题共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
1. ___________2. __________3. ____________4. ___________5. ______________
 
V. 完形填空(二)(本题共13小题,每小题1分,满分13分)
A.1._________ 2._________3.________ 4.________ 5.___________ 6.__________ 7._________8._____9.________10___11_________12________13_________-
 
VI.阅读理解(二)(本题共6小题,每小题2分,满分12分)
1.__________________________________________________-
2.________________ _________________________________-
 3. __________________________________________________
4. ___________________________________________________--  
5.______________________________________________________ 
6. _____________________________________________________________- 
7.______________________________________________________________
VII.  写(满分25分)
A. 句子翻译。(16分)
1.__________________________________________
2.___________________________________________ 
3.___________________________________________
4.___________________________________________
5.___________________________________________ 
6.__________________________________________________________________
 
B ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
 
期末英语测试题答案
单项填空(本题共20小题,每小题1分,满分20分)
1-5  CACCD 6-10  DAABD11-15  ABBCB16-20DBDCA
II. 完形填空(一) (本题共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)
 1-5 CADAC6-10  ABDCB 
III. 阅读理解(一) (本题共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)
1-5  D C B A D 6-10  CBBAD11-15 BDADC
IV. 情景交际(本题共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)
1-5  E B A D G
V. 完形填空(二)(本题共13小题,每小题1分,满分13分)
Afood, another, everywhere, experience, history, visit, people, make
B.,that ,gave, smile  away, much
VI.阅读理解(二)(本题共6小题,每小题2分,满分12分)
Texting  
Yes , it  does . 
Unviersity students and teenagers .
Using a computer keyboard and playing video games .
5.她说我们需要了解我们花在发短信上有多少时间
6.随着手机的发展,他们的按纽紧靠在一起并且越来越小。
VII写(满分25分)
A. 句子翻译(10)
1. looking forward to seeing  2.  so that 
3.  the earth travels around the sun4.  in spite of 
5.What made you so interested in music ?
B.书面表达(15)
  

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