新概念英语第二册语法讲解:现在进行时

所属专题:新概念英语第二册语法讲解  来源:互联网    要点:新概念英语第二册  
编辑点评: 今天给大家介绍的是时态总结,基本涵盖了现今我们所使用的各种时态,其中现在进行时相对于其他时态来说也是很常见的一种时态。究竟什么叫做现在进行时呢?让我们进行下面的学习吧~

 

现在进行时:

1.构成:is / am / are + 现在分词

2.功能:

(1)表示现在正在进行的动作。
►. The kettle is boiling. Shall I make tea?
►. Don't you think you eat too much? You're putting on weight.
►. The workers are building a new bridge across the river.

(2)表现阶段正进行的动作。
►. He is taking physics this semester.
►. We are preparing for our final examination this week.

(3)go, come, leave, arrive, land, meet, die, start, return, join, etc. 用于进行时态时表示即将开始的动作。
►. Look! The bus is coming.   看!车来了!
►. The old man is seriously ill, and he is dying.
►. Alice is leaving for Beijing with her mother.

(4)与 always, forever, continually, constantly 等副词连用,表示说话人带有感情色彩:赞赏或厌恶。
►. He is always thinking of others.(他总是想着别人。)
►. The boy is continually making noises.(这男孩不断地发出吵闹声。)
►. The teacher is constantly (always) criticizing her for being late.(老师一直在批评她迟到。)

(5)下面表示状态、感觉、情绪、精神活动的动词不可用于进行时。
(此条戒律请背 10遍!!!)
believe(相信),doubt(怀疑),see(看见),hear(听见) ,know(知道),understand (理解),belong(属于),think(认为),consider(认为),feel(觉得),look(看起来), seem(看上去),show(显示),mind(介意),have(有),sound(听起来),taste(尝起来), require(要求),possess(拥有),care(关心),like(喜欢),hate(讨厌),love(喜爱), detest(憎恨),desire(意欲)

【简单记忆】
● 永远不要说I'm believing...或He is seeing a house. 再简单一点说,这些动词后面不要随意加-ing.
● 可怕的是:我们在写作及口语中常犯此类大错!
● 注意:have a party / think about可以用进行时,因为这里have意为“举行”;think意为“考虑”。

测试精编

1. How can you ________ If you are not ________ ?
A. listening / hearing              B. hear / listening
C. be listening / heard            D. be hearing / listening to

2.The girl even won't have her lunch before she ________ her homework.
A. will finish                          B. is finishing
C. had finished                     D. finishes

3. Those who have applied for the post________ in the office.(此题超前)
A. are being interviewed          B. are interviewing
C. interviewing                                        D. to be interviewing

4. The old scientist ________ to do more for the country.
A. is wishing                     B. has been wishing
C. wishes                         D. has been wished

5. If he ________, don't wake him up.
A. still sleeps                           B. is still sleeping
C. still has been sleeping          D. will be sleeping still

(后设答案,大家不要偷看哦~(*^__^*) 嘻嘻……)

KEYS

1. B    2. D    3. A    4. C    5. B

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