九年级新目标英语知识点详解:Unit One(1)

所属专题:九年级新目标英语知识点详解  来源:沪江中学资源网    要点:九年级新目标英语  
编辑点评: 九年级是初中三年生活中最重要的一年。如何学好英语课堂知识,预习,复习和巩固是学习英语的最佳途径。因此,这本新目标英语分别从知识点,短语和句型三方面进行梳理,清晰明确,有助于理解。

Unit 1

一、知识点

1. Check in: 在旅馆的登记入住。Check out: 在旅馆结账离开。

2. By:

① 通过…..方式(途径)。例:I learn English by listening to tapes.
② 在…..旁边。例:by the window/the door
③ 乘坐交通工具 例:by bus/car
④ 在……之前,到……为止。例:by October在10月前
⑤ 被 例:English is spoken by many people.

3. how 与 what 的区别:

how 通常对方式或程度提问,意思有:怎么样 如何,通常用来做状语、表语。
what 通常对动作的发出者或接受者提问,意思为 什么,通常做宾语,主语。

① How is your summer holiday?  It’s OK.(how表示程度 做表语)
② How did you travel around the world?  I travel by air.
③ What do you learn at school?  I learn English, math and many other subjects.
① What…think of…?  How…like…?
② What…do with…?  How…deal with…?
③ What…like about…? How…like…?
④ What’s the weather like today? How’s the weather today?
⑤ What to do? How to do it?

e.g. What do you think of this book?=How do you like this book?
I don’t know what I should do with the matter.=I don’t know how I should deal with it.
What do you like about China?=How do you like China?
I don’t know what to do next step?=I don’t know how to do it next step?
㊣ What good / bad weather it is today!(weather为不可数名词,其前不能加 a )
㊣ What a fine / bad day it is today!(day为可数名词,其前要加 a )       

4. aloud, loud与loudly的用法 :

三个词都与"大声"或"响亮"有关。

① aloud是副词,重点在出声能让人听见,但声音不一定很大,常用在读书或说话上。通常放在动词之后。aloud没有比较级形式。

如:He read the story aloud to his son. 他朗读那篇故事给他儿子听。

② loud可作形容词或副词。用作副词时,常与speak, talk, laugh等动词连用,多用于比较级,须放在动词之后。

如:She told us to speak a little louder. 她让我们说大声一点。

③ loudly是副词,与loud同义,有时两者可替换使用,但往往含有令人讨厌或打扰别人的意思,可位于动词之前或之后。

如:He does not talk loudly or laugh loudly in public. 他不当众大声谈笑。

5. voice sound noise 

voice 指人的嗓音,也指鸟鸣。
sound 指人可以听到的各种声音。
noise 指噪音、吵闹声

6. find + 宾语 + 宾补(名词 形容词 介词短语 分词等)
例:I find him friendly. I found him working in the garden.
We found him in bed. He found the window closed.
We found her honest.

7. 常见的系动词有:

① 是:am  is  are  
② 保持:keep stay   
③ 转变:become get turn
④ ……起来 feel look smell taste sound

8. get + 宾语+宾补(形容词 过去分词 动词不定式)使某种情况发生

例:Get the shoes clean. 把鞋擦干净。  
Get Mr. Green to come. 让格林先生进来。
I want to get my bike repaired. 我想去修自行车。
You can’t get him waiting. 你不能让他老等着。

9. 动词不定式做定语

① 与所修饰的名词构成主谓关系
The next train to arrive was from New York. He is always the first to come.

② 与所修饰的名词构成动宾关系
I have nothing to say. I need a pen to write with.
I need some paper to write on. I don’t have a room to live in.

10. practice, fun 做名词为不可数名词       

11. add 补充说,又说

12. join, attend, join in, take part in 

join 加入某团体,并成为其中一员,attend 出席参加会议或讲座
join in与take part in指参加到某项活动中去。

13. all、both、always 以及 every 复合词与 not 连用构成部分否定。

其完全否定为:all---none, both---neither, everything---nothing, everybody---nobody.

14. be afraid of doing sth. / sth. 害怕

be afraid of being alone
be afraid to do sth. 
be afraid that 恐怕担心,表示委婉语气

15. either

① 放在否定句末表示“也”           
② 两者中的“任一”
③ either…or…或者…或者.…引导主语部分,谓语动词按照就近原则

16. complete, finish

complete 完成,是个较正式的词,后不能接动名词  
finish 指日常事物的完成

17. a, an

与序数词连用表示“又一”,“再一”。
例:Please give me a second apple.There comes a fifth girl.

18. have trouble/difficult/problem (in) doing….. 干…..遇到麻烦,困难

19. unless  除非,如果不

等于“if not”本身就表示否定,引导条件状语从句,主句为将来时,条件状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。
例:My baby sister doesn’t cry unless she’s hungry.
=My baby sister doesn’t cry if she isn’t hungry.
Unless you take more care, you’ll have an accident.
如果你不多加小心的话,你会出事的。

20. instead: adv. 代替,更换。

例:We have no coffee, would you like tea instead? 
我们没有咖啡了,改喝茶好吗?
It will take days by car, so let’s fly instead. 
开车去要好几天呢,咱们还是坐飞机吧。
Tom was ill, so I went instead. 汤姆病了,所以换了我去。
instead of doing sth. 作为某人或某事物的替换
例:Let’s play cards instead of watching TV. 
We sometimes eat rice instead of potatoes.
Give me the red one instead of the green one.

21. speak 短语

spoken 口头的,口语的。spoken English  口头英语     

speaking 讲话的,说某种语言的。Speaking skills讲英语的能力

22. 提建议的句子:

① What/ how about +doing sth.?  如:What/ How about going shopping?
② Why don’t you + do sth.?         如:Why don’t you go shopping?
③ Why not + do sth. ?                 如:Why not go shopping?      
④ Let’s + do sth.                         如: Let’s go shopping
⑤ Shall we/ I + do sth.?               如:Shall we/ I go shopping?

23. a lot 许多

常用于句末 如:I eat a lot. 我吃了许多。

24. too…to 太…而不能 

常用的句型 too+adj./adv. + to do sth.
如:I’m too tired to say anything. 我太累了,什么都不想说。

25. not …at all 一点也不  根本不 

如:
I like milk very much. I don’t like coffee at all.
我非常喜欢牛奶。我一点也不喜欢咖啡。
not经常可以和助动词结合在一起,at all 则放在句尾

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