九年级新目标英语知识点详解:Unit Three(1)

所属专题:九年级新目标英语知识点详解  来源:沪江中学资源网    要点:九年级新目标英语  
编辑点评: 九年级是初中三年生活中最重要的一年。如何学好英语课堂知识,预习,复习和巩固是学习英语的最佳途径。因此,这本新目标英语分别从知识点,短语和句型三方面进行梳理,清晰明确,有助于理解。

Unit 3

一、知识点

1. 英语有两种语态:

① 主动语态和补动语态 
主动语态表示是动作的执行者
被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者
 

② 被动语态的构成
由“助动词be+及物动词的过去分词”构成
助动词be 有人称、数和时态的变化,其变化规则与be作为连系动词时完全一样。

时态

被动语态结构

例句

一般现在  时

am

are +过去分词

is

English is spoken in many countries.

一般过去  时

was +过去分词

were + 过去分词

This bridge was built in 1989.

情态

动词

can/should

may  +be+过去分词

must/……

The work must be done right now

③ 被动语态的用法
当我们不知道谁是动作的执行者,或者没有必要指出谁是动作的执行者,或者只需强调动作的承受者时,要用被动语态。

2. allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事(主动语态)

如:Mother allows me to watch TV every night. 妈妈允许我每晚看电视。

be allowed to do sth. 被允许做某事(被动语态)

如:LiLy is allowed to go to Qinzhou. 莉莉被允许去钦州。

3. get their ears pierced 穿耳洞
让/使(别人)做某事 get sth. done(过去分词)  have sth. done  

如:I get my car repaired. = I have my car repaired. 我让别人修好我的车。
I want to have my hair cut. 我要理发。

4. enough 足够 

形容词+enough 

如:beautiful enough 足够漂亮

enough+名词 

如:enough food 足够食物

enough to  足够…去做… 

如:I have enough money to go to Beijing. 我有足够的钱去北京。
She is old enough to go to school. 她够大去读书了。

5. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 

Please stop speaking. 请停止说话。

stop to do sth. 停止下来去做某事 

Please stop to speak. 请停下来说话。

6. 看起来好像…sb. seem to do sth.  = It seems that +从句

He seems to feel very sad. = It seems that he feels very sad.
他看起来好像很伤心。

7. 倒装句:

由so+助动词(be/do/will/have)/情态动词+主语 意为:…也是一样
Neither/Nor + be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语(前为否定)  表示与前面所述事实一致。
She is a student. So am I. 她是一个学生,我也是。
She went to school just now. So did I. 她刚才去学校了,我也是。
She has finished the work. So have I. 她已经完成了工作,我也完成了。
She will go to school. So will he. 她将去学校,他也是。
Tom can’t swim. Neither can John.

8. yet 仍然,还,常用在否定句或疑问句当中,可与although/though连用

9. stay up 熬夜

如:I often stay up until 12:00pm. 我经常熬夜到12点。

10. clean up 打扫,整理 

如:I have cleaned up the bedroom. 我已经打扫完了卧室。

11. 程度副词:

always总是 usually经常 sometimes有时 never从不 
如:I am always/usually/sometimes/never late for school.
我总是/经常/有时/从不上学迟到。

12. 曾经做某事: 

Do you ever get to school late? Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
Have you ever got to school late? Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.

13. go+doing

go shopping(去购物),go fishing(去钓鱼)
go swimming(去游泳),go boating(去划船)
go hiking(去登山),go trekking(去徒步)

14. be strict with+人   be strict in+事物

例: The head teacher is strict with his students.
He is strict in the work.

15. test

take the test 参加考试;pass the test 通过考试;fail a test 考试失败

16. the other day前几天,不久前的一天(用于过去时)

every other day = every two days  每隔一天 (每两天)

17. agree 同意   反义词  disagree 不同意  动词
agreement 同意 反义词  disagreement 不同意  名词

18. keep sb/ sth. +形容词 使某人/某物保持…. 

如:We should keep our city clean.(cleaningⅹ)我们应该保持我们的城市干净。
Don’t keep me waiting for a long time. 别让我等得太久。

19. both…and… +动词复数形式

如: Both Jim and Li Ming play bastketball.

20. learn (sth.) from sb. 向谁学习(什么)

如:Jim learnt English from his English teacher. 吉姆向他的英语老师学习英语。

21. 有机会做某事

have an opportunity to do sth. 有机会做某事
have a chance of doing sth. 有机会做某事
如:I have an opportunity to go to Beijing. = I have a chance of going to Beijing.

22. at present 目前

>>点击查看九年级新目标英语知识点详解专题,阅读更多相关文章!

最新2020九年级新目标英语信息由沪江中学学科网提供。

请输入错误的描述和修改建议,建议采纳后可获得50沪元。

错误的描述:

修改的建议: