第35讲 介词 Prep
1．at表示时间点，at six o'clock, at noon；on表示特定日子，如on Children's Day；in表示一段时间，in the morning.
注：She'll be back in an hour.He came back after a month.
It rained several times during the night.
It has rained for two hours.
It rained all through the night.
3．till, by, before, after表示时间期限或先后
I'll be here till seven.
I'll be home by six.
I'll be here before seven.
They have lived here since 1985.
I haven't seen her from then on.
（二）at, in, on, under, behind, by, near, between可表示场所，into, out of, along. across, through可表示方向，with, in, by, like, from可表示手段、材料等
She is sitting by the window.
Sam got out of the lift and ran quickly to the man.
We smell with our noses.
（三）介词与动词搭配如：look at, arrive in/at etc.
介词与形容词搭配如：be interested in, be kind to, etc.
介词与名词搭配如：at least, by the way
注意几组介词的区别：on, above, over与below，under, among与between, across与through，about与on
1．on的同义词是above, over, above是指斜上方，over指正上方，其反义词是below, under; below是指位置低于某物或在某物的下方，但不一定在某物正下方，其反义词是above；under是指在某物的正下方有垂直在下的意思，其反义词是over。
例1 It's cold outside. You'd better your warm clothes.
A. put in B. take off C. put on D. put up
例2 He got many gifts his birthday his friends.
A. on, from B. in, of C. at, to D. from, for
例3 The classroom is quite different that one.
A. of B. from C. with D. like
解析 be different from为固定搭配，应选B。
例4 Look, you'll see a bridge the river.
A. on B. above C. over D. in
例5 –Your coat looks nice, Is It cotton?
-Yes. It’s Shanghai. (南昌2001)
A. made of, made by B. made of, made in
C. made for, made in D. made from made by
解析 衣服看出原料用be made of,在哪里制造用be made in,故应选B。
例6 Tow may fall the others because he has missed so many lessons.
A. after B. behind C. later D. out of
解析 意为他可能落后于其他人，落后为fall behind,应选B。
(C)1．The Greens have lived in China more than 3 years.
A. in B. to C. for D. with
(C)2．Which is the way the People's Hospital.
A. on B. at C. to D. in
(B)3．The twins lived there the years 1998～2000.
A. between B. during C. in D. at
(A)4．I heard he had already left Tianjin.
A. for B. from C. to D. in
(D)5．What was Jim looking when the teacher came ?
A. down, to B. at, on C. after, at D. for, in
(C)6．Look! They are walking the rain.
A. by B. on C. in D. across
(D)7．-Are you going shopping bus?
-No, we are going Tom's car.
A. by, by B. on, in C. in, on D. by, in
(A)8．My friends call me Tom short.
A. for B. by C. with D. in
(D)9． Miss Gao's help, all of them study English well.
A. Under B. In C. Below D. With
(B)10．Taiwan is the southeast of China.
A. on B. in C. to D. of
(D)11．Go the bridge and you'll find it.
A. cross B. crossing C. crossed D. across
(B)12．The Great Wall is known the people all over the world.
A. by B. to C. in D. at
(A)13．I go to school 7∶30 every morning.
A. at,× B. in, on C. at, in D. at, on
(C)14．We'll finish the book the end of the month.
A. till B. until C. by D. for
(B)15．The workers all wear their hats their head and glasses their eyes.
A. in, over B. on, over C. over, over D. to, on
(A)16．Every evening, I learn English .
A. on the radio B. from the radio
C. by the radio D. in the radio
(B)17．Nobody can stop him jumping into the lake.
A. of B. from C. for D. to
(D)18．Best wishes you New Year's Day.
A. for, for B. to, to C. with, for D. to, for
(B)19．My sister put on her best clothes and left the party.
A. to B. for C. of D. on
20．This meeting began with a song.
21．The machine cut the big piece of metal into small pieces.
22．Xiao Ming does very well in maths.
23．The Greens will go to England for a holiday.
24．He would like to meet her between 8∶00 and 9∶00 tomorrow morning.
25． On a windy night, a man knocked at his door.
26．What do you talk about and what do you want a knife for ?
27．We fight about who plays with it first.
across, in, by, on, till, for, over, with, under, into, to, at, of
28．The boat is passing under the bridge.
29．They worked from morning till night.
30．There is a bridge over the river.
31．The girls were swimming across the river at that time.
32．The boys jumped into the lake.
33．Will you please help me with my English?
34．The children often play in/on the playground.
35．The girl is good at the computer.
36．You'd better make the best use of your time.
37．I met my headmaster on my way to school.
38．I often go to school by bike.
39．We have studied English for several years.