初三英语语法复习

所属专题:初三英语知识点  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:初三英语知识点  
编辑点评: 初中英语学习方法是正规的学习阶段,也是开始学习系统语法知识的重要阶段。这阶段语法学习好了,以后语法就会感到很轻松。

[短语、词组归纳]
由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。复习时应分类处理:
一、动词+介词
1.look at…看…, look like … 看上去像……, look after …照料…
2.listen to…听……
3.welcome to…欢迎到……
4.say hello to …向……问好
5.speak to…对……说话
此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。
二、动词+副词
“动词+副词”所构成的短语义分为两类:
A.动词(vt.)+副词
1.put on 穿上 2.take off脱下 3.write down记下
此类短语可以带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词前后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词的前面。
B.动词(vi)+副词。
1.come on赶快 2.get up起床 3.go home回家
4.come in进来 5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立
此类短语属于不及物动词,不可以带宾语。
三、其它类动词词组
1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class
4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper
7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games
10. play games
[介词短语聚焦]
“介词+名词/代词”所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将Unitsl-16常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。
1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。
2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。
3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。
4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。
5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。
6.in the wall表示“在墙上(凹陷进去)”;on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。
7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the。
8.at + 时刻表示钟点。
9.like this/that表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。
10.of短语表示所属关系。
11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。
12.from与to多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。
另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one’s bike等。
[重点句型大回放]
1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I don’t think…,
2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb.
3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。
4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。
5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Don’t let sb,do sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let’s 与Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内,
6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换.
7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等。about为介词,其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。
8.It’s time to do…/ It’s time for sth. 意为“该做……的时间了”,其中to后须接原形动词,for后可接名词或V-ing形式。
9.like to do sth./like doing sth.意为“喜欢做某事”, 前一种句型侧重具体的一次性的动作;后一种句型侧重习惯性的动作,
10.ask sb.(not) to do sth. 意为“让某人(不要)做某事”,其中ask sb.后应接动词不定式,
11.show sb. sth. / show sth. to do. 意为“把某物给某人看”,该句型的用法同前面第2点。
12.introduce sb. to sb. 意为“把某人介绍给另一人”;introduce to sb.则是“向某人作介绍”。
[重点短语快速复习]
1.kinds of 各种各样的
2. either…or…或者……或者……,不是……就是……
3. neither…nor…既不……也不……
4. Chinese tea without, anything in it 中国清茶
5. take a seat 就坐
6. home cooking 家常做法
7. be famous for 因……而著名
8. on ones way to在……途中
9. be sick/ill in hospital生病住院
10. at the end of在……的尽头,在……的末尾
11. wait for 等待
12. in time 及时
13. make one’s way to…往……(艰难地)走去
14. just then 正在那时
15. first of all 首先,第一
16. go wrong 走错路
17. be/get lost 迷路
18. make a noise 吵闹,喧哗
19. get on 上车
20. get off 下车
21. stand in line 站队
22. waiting room 候诊室,候车室
23. at the head of……在……的前头
24. laugh at 嘲笑
25. throw about 乱丢,抛散
26. in fact 实际上
27. at midnight 在半夜
28. have a good time=enjoy oneself玩得愉快
29. quarrel with sb. 和某人吵架
30. take one’s temperature 给某人体温
31. have/get a pain in…某处疼痛
32. have a headache 头痛
33. as soon as… 一……就……
34. feel like doing sth. 想要干某事
35. stop…from doing sth. 阻止……干某事
36. fall asleep 入睡
37. again and again再三地,反复地
38. wake up 醒来,叫醒
39. instead of 代替
40. look over 检查
41. take exercise运动
42. had better(not) do sth. 最好(不要)干某事
43. at the weekend 在周末
44. on time 按时
45. out of从……向外
46. all by oneself 独立,单独
47. lots of=a lot of 许多
48. no longer/more=not…any longer/more 不再
49. get back 回来,取回
50. sooner or later迟早
51. run away 逃跑
52. eat up 吃光,吃完
53. run after 追赶
54. take sth. with sb. 某人随身带着某物
55. take(good) care of…=look after…(well) (好好)照顾,照料
56. think of 考虑到,想起
57. keep a diary 坚持写日记
58. leave one by oneself 把某人单独留下
59. harder and harder 越来越厉害
60. turn on打开(电灯、收音机、煤气等)
61. turn off 关
[重温重点句型]
1.So + be/助动词/情牵动词/主语.
前面陈述的肯定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用到这种倒装结构,表示“另一人(物)也如此。”前面陈述的否定情况也适于另一人(物)时,常用“Neither/ Nor + be/助动词/情态动词+主语.”这种倒装结构。
注意:“So+主语+be/助动词/情态动词.”这一句型常用于表示赞同,进一步肯定对方的看法,表示“的确如此。”“是呀。”
2.Turn right/left at the first/second/…crossing.
这一指路的句型意为“在第一/二/……个十字路口向右/左拐。”相当于Take the first /second/…turning on theright/left.
3.It takes sb.some time to do sth.
此句型表示“干某事花了某人一段时间。”其中的it是形式主语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的主语.
4.…think/find + it + adj. + to do sth.
此句型中的it是形式宾语,不可用其它代词替代,形容词作宾语的补足语,后面的动词不定式(短语)才是真正的宾语。
5.What’s wrong with…?
此句型相当于What’s the matter/ trouble with…?后跟某物作宾语时,意为“某物出什么毛病了?”后跟某人作宾语时,意为“某人怎么了?”
6.too…to…
在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是否定句时,常与简单句too…to…(太……而不能……)进行句型转换。
在so…that…复合句中,that后的句子是肯定句时,常与简单句…enough to…进行句型转换.
7.Sorry to hear that.
全句应为I’m sorry to hear that. 意为“听到此事我很难过(遗憾)。”常用于对别人的不幸表示同情、遗憾之意。
[重点句型、词组大盘点]
1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。
[用法] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。
[搭配] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do.
[比较] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。
2.…return it sooner or later.
……迟早要将它归还。
[用法] l)sooner or later意为“迟早”、“早晚”。
2)return此处用作及物动词,意为“归还”,相当于give back.
[拓展]return还可用作不及物动词,意为“返回”,相当于go back或come back。
3.No matter what the weather is like…无论天气……
[用法]no matter what 相当于whatever,其意为“无论什么”,引导状语从句。
[拓展]类似no matter what的表达方式还有:
no matter when无论什么时候
nbsp; nbsp;nbsp;no matter where无论什么地方
no matter who无论谁
no matter how 无论怎么样
4. A young man practised speaking English with Mr. Green.
一位年经人与格林先生练习讲英语。
[用法]practise doing sth. 表示“实践、练习(做)某事”。
[拓展]practice名词,“实践”、“实施”、“练习”;put a plan into practice实行某计划。
5. He encouraged everyone to take part in protecting our lakes, rivers, seas and oceans.
他鼓励大家参加保护我们的湖泊、河流和海洋的活动。
[用法]1)encourage用作动词,意思是“鼓励”、“支持”。
2)take part in“参加”,常表示参加活动。
3)protect 是动词,表示“防御”、“保护”。
[搭配]1)encourage sb. in sth.在某事上鼓励或支持某人
nbsp;encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人干某事
2)protect sh. from sth.使某人不受某事侵袭或伤害
6. …to warn people about sharks in the water. ……警告人们当心水里的鲨鱼。
[用法] warn用作动词,意思是“警告”、“警戒”。
[搭配]1)warn sb.+ that从句
2)warn sb. of sth. 警告某人某事
3)warn sb. to do sth.告诫某人做某事
4)warn sb. against(doing) sth.告诫某人当心某事/不要做某事
重点句型、词组大盘点 1. She used to be a Chinese teacher. 她过去是一位汉语老师。 [ 用法 ] used to + 动词原形,表示过去经常性的动作或存在的状态,含有现在不再如此之意。 [ 搭配 ] used to do的否定式可以是usedn’t to do或didn’t use to do. [ 比较 ] used to do sth. 过去常做某事;be/ get used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事;be used to do sth. 被用来做某事。 ……

短语总结
1. It’s time for sth. 该到做某事的时间了.
It’s time to do sth.(It’s time for sb. to do sth) 该到(某人)做某事的时间了.
2. can’t wait to do sth. 迫不及待地要求做某事.
3. ask (tell)sb. (not )to do sth . 请(告诉)某人(不)做某事.
4. make/let sb. to do sth. 让某人做某事.
5. hear/see/sb. do sth 听见/看见某人做某事.
6. had better(not )do sth 最好不做某事.
7. It’s better to do sth最好做某事
8. It’s best to do sth最好做某事
9. enjoy 喜欢做某事
10. finish 结束做某事
11. keep 继续做某事
12. keep on doing sth. 继续做某事
13. carry on 继续做某事
14. go on 继续做某事
15. feel like 喜欢做某事
16. stop to do sth 与stop doing sth 停下来去做某事(与)停止做某事.
17. forget/remember to do 与 forget/remember doing sth.忘记/记得去做某事(与) 忘记/记得曾经做过事.
18. keep(precent,stop)sb. from doing sth阻止/防止/阻栏栽人做某事
19. prefer….to ……喜欢…..胜过……
20. prefer to do sth. rather than do ath.宁愿做某事,而不原做某事.
21. used to do sth.过去常常做某事.
22. What’s wong with……? …..出了问题(事)?
23. have nothing to do with….. 与…..无关
24. be busy doing sth . 在忙于做某事
25. too…..to….. 太……以致知于不……
26. so ……that ….. 如此….. 以致知于不……
27. such…..that…… 如此….. 以致知于不……
28. It take sb. some time to do sth .某人做某事用了一些时间.
29. spend …..on sth.(doing sth.)花钱/时间做某事.
30. pay…..for sth.花费(钱)买某物.
31. What /how about……? …….怎么样(好吗)?
32. would like to do sth .想要/愿意做某事..
33. I don’t think that我认为……不…..
34. Why not do sth.? Why don’t you do sth .?为什么不做某事呢?
35. What do you mean by….?你….是什么意思?
36. What do you think of …..(How do you like ….)你认为….怎么样?
37. Mike enjoys collecting stamps . So do I.迈克喜欢集邮.我也也喜欢.
38. The more, the better . 越多越剧好.
39. Thanks for doing sth.谢谢你做了某事.
40. It is said that….. 据说……
2. 315
3. 1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 lookat (感官动词)+do
eg:Ilike watchingmonkeysjump
2 (比较级 and 比较级)表示越来越怎么样
3 a piece of cake =easy小菜一碟(容易)
4 agree with sb赞成某人
5 all kinds of各种各样 a kind of 一样
6 all over the world = the whole world整个 世界
7 along with同……一道,伴随……
eg : I will go along with you我将和你一起去
the students planted trees along with their teachers学生同老师们一起种树
8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样
9 as you can see 你是知道的
10 ask for ……求助向…要…(直接接想要的东西)eg :ask you for my book
11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么
12 ask sb to do sth询问某人某事ask sb not to do叫某人不要做某事
13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteenI am at the age of sixteen
14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始
15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day
16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候
17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句感觉/对什么有信心,自信
eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test
18 be + doing表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时
19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原)能够…… eg :She is able to sing She can sing
20 be able to do sth能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing
21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕……eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog
22 be allowed to do被允许做什么
eg:I'm allowedtowatch TV 我被允许看电视 I should beallowedtowatchTV我应该被允许看电视
23 be angry with sb生某人的气eg : Don't be angry with me
24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气
25 be as…原级…as和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高
26 be ashamed to
27 be away from 远离
28 be away from从……离开
29 be bad for对什么有害eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好
30 be born出生于
31 be busy doing sth忙于做什么事be busy with sth 忙于……
32 be careful当心;小心
33 be different from……和什么不一样
34 be famous for以……著名
35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好
36 be from = come from来自
eg :He is from BejingHe comes from BejingIs he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?
37 be full of 装满……的be filled with充满eg:the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water
38 be glad+to+do/从句
39 be going to + v(原) 将来时
40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……
41 be good for对什么有好处eg : Reading aloud is good for your English
42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事
43 be helpful to sb对某人有好处
eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you大声朗读对你有好处
Exercising is helpful to your bady锻炼对你的身体有好处
44 be in good health身体健康
45 be in trouble 处于困难中eg : She is in troubleThey are in tronble
46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣
47 be late for = come late to 迟到   eg: Be late for class 上课迟到
48 be like像……eg : I'm like my mother
49 be mad at 生某人的气
50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)
51 be made of由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料)
52 be not sure 表不确定
53 be on a visit to参观
54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎
55 be quiet安静
56 be short for表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰
57 be sick in bed生病在床
58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sbeg : I am sorry for you
59 be sorry to hear that
60 be sorry to trouble sbeg : I am sorry to trouble you
61 be strict in doingsth严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles
62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格
63 be strict with sb in sth某方面对某人严格
64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么
65 be sure 表确定
66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well
67 be sure of sth对做某事有信心eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)
68 be sure that sth对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试
69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事
eg: We are sure to pass the test我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well我们一定能学好英语
70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕……
71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事
72 be the same as …和什么一样
73 be used to doing sth习惯做某事
eg: My father is used to getting up early我爸爸习惯早起He is used to sleeping in class他习惯上课睡觉
He is used to working hardHe is used to hard work 他习惯努力工作
74 be worth doing值得做什么
75 be(feel) afraid to do sth害怕做某事 be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句
76 because+句子because of +短语
eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache
77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么
eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home
78 between…and…两者之间
79 borrow sth from sb向……借……lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西
eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen
80 both = the same(as) = not different(from)表相同
81 bother打扰 bother sb to do sth
eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station
我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站
the problem has been bothering me for weeks这个问题困扰了我几个周了
He's bothering me to lend him money
82 by the end of 到……为止
83 call sb stheg : We call him old wang
84 care关心eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来
85 catch up with sb赶上某人
86 chat with sb和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地
87 come in进来
88 come over to 过来
89 come up with提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea你能想出一个好办法吗?
90 communicate with sb 和某人交流
91 consider + doing考虑做什么eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou为什么不考虑去泸州?
92 dance to随着……跳舞eg : She likes dancing to the music她喜欢随着音乐跳舞
93 decide to do sth 决定做某事
94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查
95 do better in 在……方面做得更好
96 do wrong做错
97 Don't forget to do sth不要忘了做某事
98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词不要介意……
99 each +名(单)每一个……eg : Each student has many books每一个学生都有一些书
100 end up +doing
101 enjoy +doing喜欢
102 escape from从……逃跑
eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来
Some gas is escaping from the pipe有一些气体从管子里冒出
103 expect to do sth期待做某事
104 fall down摔下来fall off从哪摔下来
105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么
106 far from离某地远eg : The school is far from my home
107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样
108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样? eg : I find the book interesting
109 finish 完成+doing(名词)
110 fit to sb = be fit for sb适合某人
111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing做了而又忘了eg: Don't forget to go homeI forget closing door
112 from…to…从某某到某某eg: From me for her
113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做……
eg: I have my hair cut我理了发(头发被剪了)
Tom got his bad tooth pulled out汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)
114 get a part-time job= find a part-timejob
115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好
116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处
117 get ready for = be ready for 为什么而准备eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math
118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻烦
119 get sb to do sth
120 get…from… 从某处得到某物
121 give a talk做报告eg:He is give a tall
122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物
123 go fish钓鱼 go swimming游泳
124 go on to do去做下一件事 go on doing继续做这件事
125 go out away from go out of
126 go to school 上学(用于专业的) go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学)
127 good way to好方法
128 hate to do讨厌没做过的事 hate doing讨厌做过的事
129 have a party for sb举办谁的晚会
130 have a talk 听报告 谈一谈
131 have been doing 现在完成进行时eg :You have been talkingYou have been sleeping since
132 have been to …(地方)……去过某过地方have gone to …(地方)去了某地还没回来
133 have fun +doing玩得高兴
134 have sth to do有什么事要做
eg: I have a lot of homework to do我有很多家庭作业要做
I have nothing to do我没什么事情做
135 have to do sth 必须做某事
136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth做什么事情有麻烦
137 have…time +doing
138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off我请一个月得假
139 hear sb +do/doing听见某人做某事/正在做某事
140 help a lot很大用处
141 help sb with sth one's sth帮助某人某事(某方面)help sb (to) do sth帮助某人做某事
142 hope to do sth 希望做某事
143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)
144 how do you like= what do you think of 你对什么的看法
145 if : 是否=wether
eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会
He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on timetomorrow morning他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达
146 if :如果?!-- 24en.com 中国英语学习网,中国英语第一门户 24en.com -->
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eg:I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州
If they change the plan they will let me know假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的
I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国
147 in one's opinion = sb think某人认为
148 in some ways在某些方面
149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后
150 in the north of…什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )
151 in the sun在太阳下
152 increase增加
eg : They've increased the prece of petrol by 3%他们把石油价增加了3%
the population has increased from 12 million ten years ago to 18 million now
153 instead of+(名 ) 代替
eg:I'd like an apple instead of a pear我想要苹果,而不要梨子
I like English instead of math 我喜欢英语而不喜欢数学
154 introduce sb to sb介绍某人给某人 introduce oneself自我介绍
155 invite sb to do sth邀请某人做某事
156 It takes sb sometime to do sth做某人花掉某人多少时间
eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework It takes me half an hour to cook
157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth对某人来说做某事怎么样
158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样
159 It's +adj for sb 对于某人来说怎么样It's+adjofsb 对某人来说太怎么样
160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样It's +adj of sb to do sth对某人来说做某事太怎么样
eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English
161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth对……来说是个好主意
162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要 eg: It's important to me
163 It's time to do sth It's time for sth 到了该去做某事的时间
eg : It's time to have class It's time for class 该去上课了
164 join = take part in 参加
165 just now刚才
166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语 让什么保持什么样?
167 keep out不让 …… 进入
168 keep sb adj让……保持…… eg: I want to keep my mother happy keep healthy保持健康
169 key to +名词表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案
170 key to… anserto …key 可以是答题或钥匙
171 laugh at… 取笑……eg : Don't langh at others We langhed at the joke
172 learn by oneslfe自学
173 learn from sb向某人学习eg: We should learn from Lei Feng
174 learn to do sth 学做某事
175 let sb do sth让某人做某事
176 Let sb down让某人失望eg : We shouldn't let our farents down我们不应该让我们的父母失望
177 live from :离某地远
178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方居住在某地eg: I live in LuZhou She lives at XuanTan
179 look after = take care of 照顾 照看
180 lose one's way 谁 迷 路 eg : Lose your way 你迷路
181 make a decision to do sth 决定做某事
182 make friends with sb 和谁成为朋友eg :I want to make friends with you
183 make it early把时间定的早一点
184 make on exhibition of oneself让某人出洋相
185 make sb /n +n使什么成为什么eg: I made her my step mollerI made you my wife
186 make sb /sth +adj 使某人(某物)怎么样 eg :You must made your bed clean
187 make sb /sth adj使某人/某物怎么样
188 make sb do sth让某人做某事eg : I made him write
我以前让他写
189 make upbe made up of (被动语态)由……组成
190 make…differenceto…
191 mind sb to do mind one's doing介意……做什么
192 most +名most of +代
193 much too +形容词
194 must be一定
195 need +名词
196 need sb do sth 需要某人做某事
197 need to do (实义动词)need do (情态动词)
198 no /neithr of hate to dono /neithr of hate doing
199 no +名词
200 not anymore = no more再也不…… eg: He didn't cry any more He cried no more他再也不哭
201 not… (形 、副)at alleg: He's not tall at allshe doesn't junp far at all
202 not…at all 一点都不
203 not…either 表否定,也不eg : I don't japanse either I don't have sister, either我也没有姐姐
204 not…until 直到……才……
eg:I didn't sleep until my mother came backThe child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar
205 offer / provide sb with sth给某人提供
206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb 提供什么东西给某人eg : I offer you water (I offer water to you 我给你提供水
207 on one's way to…在谁去那的路上
208 on the one hand 一方面 on the other hand另一方面
209 on the phone = over the phone 用电话交谈
210 on time 准时 in time及时
211 one day =some day =someday一天,有一天
212 one of +可数名词的复数形式
213 one to another一个到另一个
214 over and over agin 一遍又一遍的eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin
215 part-time job 兼职工作 fall-time job全职工作
216 pay for…付……钱 pay the bill开钱,付钱
217 please +do
218 please help yourself
219 pleased with sb
220 pool into = pore into
221 practice +doing 练习做某事
222 prefer sth to sth相对……更喜欢…… eg : I prefer physics to chemisty 在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理
prefer doing to sth更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车
prefer to do sth rather than do sth宁愿做…也不愿
eg:My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车
prefer sb not to do sth更愿意… eg: I prefer her not to come我不喜欢她不来
223 pretend to do sth装着去做什么pretend that从句
eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard这两个骗子装着努力工作
He pretended that he did not know the answer他装着不知道答案
224 rather…than宁可……也不……
eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher我愿肯当医生,也不当老师
He likes dogs rather than cats他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫
225 regard…as把……当作……
eg: Please give my best regards to your family 请带我向你的家人我最好的问候
I regard you as my friend 我把你当作我的朋友
He shows little regard for others 他不爱关心别人
226 remid sb about sth提醒某人什么事 remid sb to do sth提醒某人做某事
eg : he remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook 他提醒我做饭
227 remid sb of sth 使某人想起什么
eg : the pictures remind me of my school days这照片使我想起了我的学校
the words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother
228 return sth to sb还什么东西给某人
229 say to oneself 对自己说
230 say to sb 对某人说
231 sb spend somemoney on sth花了多少钱在某事上
232 sb spend sometime with sb 花了多少时间陪谁
233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth 花了多少时间做某事
234 sb with sb +is sb and sb +are
235 see sb do 看见某人做过某事 see sb doing看见某人正在做某事
236 seem to do/be +adj显得怎么样eg :You seem to be tired You seem to be happy
237 send +sb sth 送给某人某物
238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去?
239 shock 使……震惊eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock啊,是你呀!吓我一跳
240 show sb sth向某人展示某物 eg : I show her the book.
241 show sb sth = show sth to sb拿什么东西给某人看eg:Show me your pen Show your pen to me
242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物 eg : I show the book to her.
243 some…others… 一些……另一些……
244 start…with…从……开始 begin…with…从……开始
245 stay away from远离……
eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物
If you want to lose weight you'd better stay auay from the sweet food徒工你想减肥,你最好远离甜食
246 stop doing 停下正在做的事
247 stop sb from doing sth阻止某人做某事
248 stop sb(from) doing阻止某人做某事
249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事
250 such +名 这样,这种
251 suit sb适合某人
252 surprise sb 使某人惊奇to one's surprise令某人惊奇
253 take classes上课
254 take sb to 把某人带去 eg : I take you to the hospital
255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk散步
256 ①talk to 对谁说eg : I talk to you ② talk with和谁说eg : I talk with him
③ talk of 谈到 eg : we talked of you④ talkabout谈论关于……
257 talk with sb和某人说话
258 teach sb sth教某人做某事
259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事
260 tell sb sthtell sb that 丛句 tell sb not to do sth tell a story
261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事
262 tell sb to do sth 告诉某人做什么 tell sb not to do sth告诉某人不要做什么
263 tell…from…
264 thank you for +doing
265 the same +名词(doing)+as……
266 the same…(名)…as as…(adj adv)…as相同
267 the way to do sth = the way of doing sth 做某方面 的方法 the way to +地方去哪的路
e g :Doyou know the way to learn English Do you know the way of learning English
268 the way to…(地点)到哪的路
269 too…to…太怎样而不能……adj +enough to 足够…能…so…that +丛句 太…所以…
eg: He is too young to go to school=He is so young that he can't go to school
He is old enough to go to school= He is so old that he can go to school
270 transalte ……into……把什么翻译成什么eg : Trasalte English into chinese
271 travel with sb和某人去旅游
272 try one's best to do sth尽某人最大的努力去做某事eg: I will try my best to learn English well
273 try to do sth想干什么,但没成功 try doing sth想干什么,已经做过了
eg :He tried to climb他想爬上去,但没成功 He tried climbing他想爬上去
274 try…试衣服 have a try 试一下
275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up开大
276 turn off 关上 ←→turn on 打开 open拆开
277 upside down倒着
278 visit to…参观某个地方
279 wait for sb 等某人
280 wait for sb to do sth等某人做什么 wait for sb等某人 wait for sometime等多少时间
eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready等我准备好,好吗?
Let's wait for the rain to stop让我们等雨停吧
281 wake sb up 把某人叫醒
282 want to do sth 想做某事
283 watch sb do sth观看某人做某事
284 welcome to +…(地方)欢迎到……
285 what about +n /doing eg : what about an apple
286 what if如果……怎么办What if +句子
eg : What if it is true ? 如果是真的怎么办?
What if aliens should come to the earth 假如外星人来到地球怎么办?
287 what they will do = what to do
288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ? = What's wrong ?有什么困难?
289 while +延续性动词
290 why don't you do = why not do
291 will you please dowill you please not do
292 with one's best = with the help of sb在某人的帮助下
293 with the help of sb在某人的帮助下with one's help
294 work at…在某处工作
295 work with sb和某人一起工作
296 would like sth /to do stheg : I would like to go to LuZhou
297 would you please +do
298 yet :至今 ,用在否定句中
299 you'd better do 最好做某事 = you'd better not do 最好不要做某事
300 不定式 +v(原)
301 联系动词(taste吃起来/sound听起来/look看起来/semll闻起来)+adj
302 名词、副词、 形容词修饰 enongh 时, 形容词放在之前 , 名词 副词放在之后
303 太多 too much +不可数 too many +可数 much too 相当于 very ,修饰形容词
304 向宾语提问:Whom
305 向地点提问:Where
306 向方式提问:How
307 向价格和不可数名词提问:How much
308 向可数名词提问:How many
309 向频率提问: How often
310 向时间段提问:How long
311 向时间提问:what time/when
312 向物主代词提问:Whose
313 向职业提问:what do/does……do
314 向主语提问: Who
 

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