初三英语语法:主谓一致

所属专题:初中英语语法知识  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:初三英语语法  
编辑点评: 英语学习,语法是一项基本功,英语语法多而庞杂,需要同学们认真去学习,才能在以后应用英语时不在语法上折跟头。本文为大家详细讲解英语语法中一个重要模块主谓一致,希望对同学们有帮助。

主 谓 一 致
一、就近原则:either……or……    neither……nor……    not only…….but also……
There / Here be +并列主语.
二、意义一致原则
1.集体名词 ( class, family等 )做主语时,可根据意义判断。
His family has moved into a new house.      His family were having supper then.
主语是数目、时间、金钱、距离时,动词用单数。
2.主语+ as well as /  with / together with / like / but / except + 动词单数。
Everyone except the twins has been to the Great Wall.
Lily with her friends is going to the zoo tomorrow.
3.下列一些不定代词做主语,动词用单数。each,  either,  neither,  something,
anything,   somebody,    anybody等。
4.The + 形容词 / 过去分词 + 动词复数 The wounded were looked after well in the hospital.
The weak, like the strong, have many friends in the world.
5. glasses,  trousers, shoes, scissors等单独做主语时,动词用复数,但当它们与a pair of
连用时,动词与pair的数保持一致。   The pair of glasses fits you well.

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