新概念英语自学导读第二册:第14课

所属专题:新概念英语自学导读第二册  来源:互联网    要点:新概念英语自学导读  
编辑点评: 《新概念英语自学导读第二册》是《新概念英语》系列的一套辅助教材。文章对《新概念英语2》中的语法,词汇和长句难句都做了详细的剖析和阐述,从而更好的帮助同学们学习和吸收。下面就一起来学习下吧!

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.After I had left a small village in the south of France, I drove on to the next town.在离开法国南部的一个小村庄后,我继续驶往下一个城镇。

(1)表示一个大范围中的某一个地方时要用介词in:

Beijing is in the north of China.
北京位于中国的北部。

(2)副词on紧跟在动词后面时可以表示“向前”、“继续下去”等意义:

He talked on until everybody had gone.
他滔滔不绝地讲到大家都走了。

I was reading when my friend called. After he had gone, I went on to read.
我朋友来看我时我正在看书。他走了以后我便继续看书。

2.I stopped and he asked me for a lift.我把车停下,他向我提出要求搭车。

名词lift的含义之一是“(给步行者)搭便车”、“免费搭车”:

Last night, I had to walk home. No one would give me a lift.
昨晚我不得不走回家。谁也不愿意让我搭车。

I was lucky today. I got a lift soon after I had left the village.
我今天运气好,离开村子不久就搭上了便车。

3.As soon as he had got into the car, I said good morning to him in French and he replied in the same language.他一上车,我就用法语向他问早上好,他也同样用法语回答我。

(1)表示时间的固定短语as soon as通常表示“一……就……”,即两个动词之间相隔时间非常短:

Tell him the news as soon as you meet him.
你一遇见他就把这消息告诉他。

(2)表示用某种语言作为交际手段时介词用in,表示讲某种语言时可以不加介:
speak English/ French
讲英语/法语

That book is written in German.
那本书是用德语写的。

He replied the question in English.
他用英语回答了这个问题。

语法 Grammar in use

过去完成时(The simple past perfect tense)

过去完成时由 had+ 过去分词构成,它表示过去某时或某动作发生之前已经完成的动作或情况,即“较早的过去”。在用过去完成时态的句子中,常用的连词when, after, as soon as, until, by that time等:

When I woke up in the morning, she had already had her breakfast.
当我早上醒来时,她已经吃过早饭了。

After he had said goodbye to us all, Captain Alison started his journey.
当艾利森船长和我们大家都道了别之后,他就启程了。

Did you really ring the police?
你真的给警方打电话了?

It was a mistake. I realized it as soon as I had rung them.
我犯了个错误。刚给他们打完电话我就意识到了。

I didn't know that she was a famous actress until you had told me.
直到你告诉我时我才知道她是位名演员。

常与现在完成时连用的副词如already, just, never, never…before也常与过去完成时连用,以强调事件发生的先后次序:

The boys loved the zoo. They had never seen wild animals before.
男孩们喜欢动物园,以前他们从没见过野兽。

在有些用过去完成时的句子中没有明确的时间状语,但通过上下文可以看出动作发生的先后:

The bus finally came. I had waited for 40 minutes.
公交车终于来了。我已经等了40分钟。

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