新概念英语自学导读第二册:第18课

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编辑点评: 《新概念英语自学导读第二册》是《新概念英语》系列的一套辅助教材。文章对《新概念英语2》中的语法,词汇和长句难句都做了详细的剖析和阐述,从而更好的帮助同学们学习和吸收。下面就一起来学习下吧!

词汇学习 Word study

1.beside与besides

介词beside常用的含义为“在……旁边”、“在……附近”:

Come and sit beside us.
过来坐在我们旁边吧。

There is a chair beside the door.
门旁边有一把椅子。

besides的词形与beside很相似,但意义却相差甚远。besides作副词时表示“而且”、“并且”、“此外”等意思:

She has so much else to do besides.
此外,她还有许多其他事要做。

I'm quite busy today. Besides, I've got a bad cold.
我今天很忙,而且我还感冒得厉害。

besides还可以作介词,表示“除……之外(还)”:

There were a lot of people at the party besides us.
除了我们以外,晚会上还有许多(其他)人。

2.give的几个固定搭配

及物动词give常用的含义是“给予”、“交给”:

Give me some water, please.
请给我一些水。

I lent him some books last month and he has given them back to me this morning.
我上个月曾借给他一些书。他今天上午都还给我了。

可以看出,give与back连用时,它的意义并没有发生太大的变化。但是,当它与其他副词连用时,意义往往会有变化,有时变化非常大:

He gave away all his books to the library.
他把所有的书都赠给了这家图书馆。(give away:赠送)

Give in your examination papers after you've finished.
考卷做好后就交上来。(give in:上交,呈交)

You can do what you like. I will never give in.
你想干什么就干什么。我决不屈服。(give in:屈服,让步)

He gave up drinking a few years ago.
他几年前戒酒了。(give up:放弃,抛弃)

Jack has given up the watch he stole last week.
杰克把他上星期偷的表交了出来。(give up:交出,让出)

练习答案 Key to written exercises

1.关键句型练习答案
A
1 I looked for my bag after I had had lunch at a village pub.

2 I had left my bag on a chair beside the door.

3 The landlord asked me: 'Did you have a good meal?'

4 I answered: 'I can't pay the bill because I haven't got my bag.'

5 The dog had taken the bag into the garden.

C
Sentences 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 10, 11

2.难点练习答案
A

1 back     2 away     3 in    4 in
B
1 Besides    2 beside

3.多项选择题答案
1b 2d     3b 4d      5b 6c
7d 8c      9a 10c    11c 12b 

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