新概念英语自学导读第二册:第44课

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编辑点评: 《新概念英语自学导读第二册》是《新概念英语》系列的一套辅助教材。文章对《新概念英语2》中的语法,词汇和长句难句都做了详细的剖析和阐述,从而更好的帮助同学们学习和吸收。下面就一起来学习下吧!

课文详注 Further notes on the text

1.Mrs. Anne Sterling did not think of the risk she was taking when she ran through a forest after two men.安·斯特林夫人在穿过森林追赶两个男人时,她并没有考虑到所冒的风险。

(1)think of在这里表示“考虑”、“思考”。

Have you ever thought of settling down in this town?
你有没有考虑过在这个镇上定居?

(2)表示“冒……危险”可以用 take the risk (of doing…)。

(3)run after 表示“追赶”:

On my way home, I saw a dog running after a cat.
我在回家的路上看到一只狗在追一只猫。

2.They had rushed up to her while she was having a picnic at the edge of a forest with her children…刚才,当她和孩子们正在森林边上野餐的时侯,这两个人冲到她跟前……

(1)up to可以表示地点、时间等“一直到……”:

The child ran up to his mother when he saw her.
那孩子看到他的母亲后便跑到她跟前。

He worked up to nine o'clock in the evening.
他一直工作到晚上9点。

(2)at the edge of表示“在……的边上”:

The park lies at the edge of the town.
公园位于镇边上。

3.in one's possession 为某人所有

也可以说 in the possession of sb.。这两种意思相同,但是人称代词一般用前一种表达方式:

The house used to be in my possession, but now it is in the possession of an old lady.
这座房子曾经归我所有,但现在它归一位老太太所有。

4.Mrs. Sterling got so angry that she ran after them.斯特林太太非常气愤,向着他们追了过去。

so…that引导结果状语从句,表示“如此……以至于……”。下文中,The men got such a fright that they dropped the bag and ran away用了类似的引导结果状语从句的连词 such a…that。

5.out of breath 喘不上气,上气不接下气

Tom ran to the shop to get some salt for his mother. When he reached there, he was quite out of breath.
汤姆为了给母亲买盐跑步去了商店。当他到那里时,他已很是上气不接下气。

6.go through 翻看

这是个固定短语,含义之一是“(仔细地)搜查”、“在……中搜寻”:

She went through her bag, but she couldn't find her key.
她翻遍了包,但就是找不到她的钥匙。

语法 Grammar in use

动名词(2)

第20课的语法中,我们学习了动名词的形式和一般作用,知道它可以代替名词作句子的主语、宾语、介词宾语等,也学习了它的否定式和完成式:

Washing the car made me tired
.
擦洗汽车使我很累。(主语)

I enjoy reading.
我喜爱读书。(宾语)

Before leaving the office, he gave me a book.
他离开办公室之前给了我一本书。(介词宾语)

(1)动名词还可以用于动词+介词之后:

We are looking forward to his coming.
我们盼望着他的到来。

(2)在start, begin, continue等后面,既可以用不定式又可以用动名词,区别不大:

I began to learn/ learning English two years ago.
我两年前开始学英语。

(3)在love, like, prefer等动词后面,用不定式和动名词意义有所区别。带不定式时常表示特定的未来的事件(如正准备做某事或建议做某事),带动名词形式时则表示目前正在进行中的活动或一般的行为。在prefer…to…结构中则只能用动名词:

I prefer watching TV.
我喜欢看电视。(一般行为)

(4)在need, want之后,动名词形式具有被动的含义,相当于被动的不定式:

The windows need cleaning.
这些窗子该擦了。(=need to be cleaned)

His shirt needs washing.
他的衬衣该洗了。 
 

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