初三英语知识点:Unit13-15疑难点

所属专题:初三英语知识点  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:初三英语知识点  
编辑点评: 初三阶段时间紧任务重,提高学习复习效率是同学们都所追求的。其中在学习过程中能够抓住知识点进行重点学习对提高学习效率有很大的帮助。本文为大家整理了初三英语第13到15单元的疑难点,希望对大家有所帮助。

一、疑点难点破解
1. You have to be careful.你得小心。 疑点:be careful“小心,当心”
如:Be careful while crossing the road.过马路要小心。
难点:be careful后常跟of短语。与它同义的有look out。
如:Aren’t you a bit too careful of your health?你对个人的健康难道不是有点过于小心了吗?
Look out!There’s danger ahead.当心!前面有危险。
2. At times an ad can lead you to buy something you don’t need at all.有时广告可能导致你买你根本不需要的东西。
疑点:at times= sometime,是副词性短语,表示事物发生的频率。
如:He is late for school at times.他有时上学迟到。
难点:1)对含有at times的短语进行提问时,用How soon.
如:How soon does he go to school late?At times.
2)句中lead意为“使得、导致”,常用于短语lead sb. to do sth.“导致某人做某事”
如:What leads you to think so?
3.Soft lighting makes people look good,but it make food look bad.柔和的光线使人的脸色看上去很好看,但使食物看起来很难看。
疑点:look good/bad意思为“外表的颜色看起来好看/难看”
如:The traffic accident made him look bad.
难点:look fine/ well指看起来身体健康
如:You look better today than yesterday.你今天看上去比昨天好多了。
3. It makes me want to join a clean-up campaign.这让我想加入一次清扫大运动。
疑点:注意join的用法:(1)join加入军队,政党,组织等,成为其中一员。
如:The next year he joined the union.第二年他加入了工会。
(2)join加入某人,并一起进行某项活动。
如:She joined her husband in his study.她与她的丈夫一块从事他的研究。
难点:与join意思相近的短语take part in也表示“参加……”,take an active part in积极参加。它侧重于参加某项活动或运动。
如:Do you take an active part in sports?你积极参加体育活动吗?
4. For instance,they can help you to compare two different products so that you can buy the one you really need.
例如,他们能够帮你比较两种不同的产品,以至于你能买到你真正需要的那个。
疑点:for instance相当于for example 意思为“例如”
如:He likes all kinds of sports, for instance he likes playing soccer very much.
难点:句中的compare意为“比较,对照”,可以构成短语compare...with...把……与……相比,compare...to...把……比作……
If we compare French schools with British schools,we will find many differences.
如果我们把法国的学校与英国的学校相比,会发现许多不同之处。
如:The poet compares the woman he loves to a rose.
这位诗人把他所钟情的女人比作玫瑰花。
5. If you think flowers are too feminine a gift for a man to receive,you can consider giving a plant instead.
如果你认为鲜花对一位男士来说太女性化而不好接受,你可以考虑送一种植物。
疑点:consider doing sth. 考虑做某事
如:I’m considering changing my job.我正在考虑换工作。
难点:consider还可以加that从句,表示“考虑到…”;还可以组成短语consider sb. +n/adj, 表示“把…看作/认为…”
如:If you consider that she’s only been studying English for six months,she speaks it well. 如果考虑到她学英语才六个月,那么她讲英语讲得的确不错了。
Do you consider her suitable for the job?你认为她做这工作合适吗?
二、重点讲解
1. Rainy days make me sad.雨天使人沮丧。    make的用法
(1)make+n.make food 做饭make a plane做飞机make the bed 铺床 make money 赚钱 make sb./sth.+adj.使某人(感到),使……处于某种状态
(2)make的宾语之后可跟名词、形容词、分词来充当宾语的补足语
1)名词作make的宾语补足语
The party made her a good teacher.党把她培养成为一名好教师.
2)形容词作make的宾语补足语
如:Soccer makes me crazy.足球使我疯狂。
The soft music makes Tina sleepy.轻柔的音乐使Tina快睡着了。
Waiting for her made me angry.我很生气一直等着她。
可用到的形容词有:happy,pleased,surprised,angry,annoyed,sad,upset,unhappy,worried,anxious,excited,relaxed,stressed out,tense,calm,scared,comfortable,sick…
3)分词作make的宾语补足语
如: I made myself understood by all the students.
You must make yourself respected.
(3). make sb./sth.+do…使某人做某事(不能带不定式符号to)
如:Wars make the peace go away.战争使和平远离。
注意:当make用于被动语态时,必须带不定式符号to.
如:We were made to work all night.我们被迫日夜工作。
(4). make it习惯用语,及时赶到,到达目的地
如:I just made it to my class.(Unit 9)我恰好赶到班级。(arrived in time)
(5). make of /from./out of
make of 原材料制成成品后,原材料未经任何化学变化,仍保持原有性质.
如:The chair is made of wood.
make from当原材料制成成品后,经过了化学变化,失去了原有性质.
(6). make up of 常用于被动结构:be made up of…相当于consist of…(由……组成)
make up from 由…..所制造
如:A car is made up of many different parts.
She wore a necklace made up from gold coins.她戴着一串由金币制成的项链.

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