Verrazano, an Italian about whom little is known, sailed into New York Harbour in 1524 and named it Angouleme. He described
it as 'a very agreeable situation located within two small hills in the midst of which flowed a great river.' Though Verrazano is by
no means considered to be a great explorer, his name will probably remain immortal, for on November 21st, 1964, the greatest
bridge in the world was named after him.
The Verrazano Bridge, which was designed by Othmar Ammann, joins Brooklyn to Staten Island. It has a span of 4260 feet. The
bridge is so long that the shape of the earth had to be taken into account by its designer. Two great towers support four huge
cables. The towers are built on immense underwater platforms made of steel and concrete. The platforms extend to a depth of
over 100 feet under the sea. These alone took sixteen months to build. Above the surface of the water, the towers rise to a height
of nearly 700 feet. They support the cables from which the bridge has been suspended. Each of the four cables contains 26,108
lengths of wire. It has been estimated that if the bridge were packed with cars, it would still only be carrying a third of its total
capacity. However, size and strength are not the only important things about this bridge. Despite its immensity, it is both simple
and elegant, fulfilling its designer's dream to create 'an enormous object drawn as faintly as possible'.
二、【New words and expressions】生词和短语
◆suspension n. 悬，吊
◆agreeable adj. 宜人的
◆situation n. 地点，地方
◆locate v. 位于
◆immortal adj. 永生的，流芳百世的
◆Brooklyn n. 布鲁克林（纽约一区名）
◆Staten n. 斯塔顿（岛）
◆span n. 跨度
◆cable n 缆索
◆concrete n. 混泥土
◆suspend v. 悬挂
◆length n. 根，段
◆estimate v. 估计
◆immensity n. 巨大
◆capacity n. 承受量
◆elegant adj. 优美别致的
◆faintly adv. 微细地
★suspension n. 悬，吊
suspension bridge 吊桥
Eg.: The light is suspended from the ceiling.
Eg.: The train was suspended because of the heavy rain.
suspense: n. 担心，挂念，悬念
Eg.: The wonderful film give me a deep impression because of its suspense.
He didn’t tell us the truth in cap to me in suspense all day.
★agreeable adj. 宜人的
Today is agreeable.
His house is in a agreeable situation.
★situation n. 地点，地方
Beijing is located in the North of China.
Japan is located to the East of China.
is located to...
★locate v. 位于
★immortal adj. 永生的，流芳百世的
★Brooklyn n. 布鲁克林（纽约一区名）
★Staten n. 斯塔顿（岛）
★span n. 跨度
★cable n 缆索
★concrete n. 混泥土
★suspend v. 悬挂
★length n. 根，段
★estimate v. 估计
Eg.: At a rough estimate, the car is worth 500 thousand RMB.
estimation n. 判断
in my estimation
★immensity n. 巨大
located... 是过去分词短语作定语，修饰 situation;
in the midst of which 引导一个定语从句，which指two small hills。句子结构要倒装（flowed 在a great river之前）
in the midst of, 在......之中。
in the midst of two small hills flowed a great river
A great river flowed in the middle of the two hills.
in the middle of the night == at midnight
in the middle of the winter
★capacity n. 承受量
Are you clear about the capacity of the cinema?
have a capacity for doing sth.
have a capacity to do
We have ability to finish the work in two days.
have capability to do
have capability of doing
Any chile has capability of learning a foreign launguge well.
Any chile has capability to learn a foreign launguge well.
the faculty of seeing
the faculty of hearing
I have competence for the job.
★elegant adj. 优美别致的
The lady is elegant.
★faintly adv. 微细地
sailed into.. ----句子的主干
describe sth. as 把......描绘成......，认为 ......
常见的动词有：see, view, look upon, recoginze, regard, treat, accept
Eg.: I should describe the attempt as a failure.
His mother regards him as genius.
I accept his words as true.
located within two small hills in the midst of which floweda great river
hold up 支撑
a railway extends to the next city
extend to a depth of 深度
extend to a length of 长度
extend to a width of 宽度
rise to 上升的高度
It is said
It is reported
It has been estimated / expected
in the middle of the summer
I like the village located within two small hills.
We arrived at a farm house. in front of which is a mountain. 动词位于主语之前
though / although / even though 引导让步状语从句
用了though, although 不能使用but, yet可以用——强调转折关系。
E.: It is by no means pleasant to take a crowded bus.乘坐一辆拥挤的公交车无论如何不是一件令人高兴的事。
not by any means
not at all
He isn’t satisfied with a job at all.
in no way
in no case
in no sense
in no circumstances
be named for
take one’s name from
take into account / take into consideration / take account of 考虑到
Eg.: We have to take the date into account when we have the meeting.
by no meansbe named aftera span of:
whichIt has been estimated / expected that
◆current n. 电流
◆sculpture n. 雕塑
◆mistaken adj. 错误的
◆gallery n. 美术馆
◆exhibit n. 展品，陈列品
◆oddly adv. 古怪的
◆attach v. 连，系
◆sphere n. 球体
◆magnetize v. 使磁化
◆repel v. 排斥
◆flicker v. 闪烁
作“挤满......; 装满 ......”解
a third 三分之一
despite==in spite of
The bus was held up by the snowstorm, causing the delay.
her husband died in1970, leaving her with two children.
At last he passed his examination, fulfilling his dream to go abroad. 他终于通过了这次考试，实现了出国的梦想（现在分词
Modern sculpture rarely surprises us any more. The idea that modern art can only be seen in museums is mistaken. Even people
who take no interest in art cannot have failed to notice examples of modern sculpture on display in public places. Strange forms
stand in gardens, and outside buildings and shops. We have got quite used to them. Some so-called 'modern' pieces have been on
display for nearly fifty years.
In spite of this, some people--in-cluding myself--were surprised by a recent exhibition of modern sculpture. The first thing I saw
when I entered the art gallery was a notice which said: 'Do not touch the exhibits. Some of them are dangerous!' The objects on
display were pieces of moving sculpture. Oddly shaped forms that are suspended from the ceiling and move in response to a gust
of wind are quite familiar to everybody. These objects, however, were different. Lined up against the wall, there were long thin
wires attached to metal spheres. The spheres had been magnetized and attracted or repelled each other all the time. In the centre
of the hall, there were a number of tall structures which contained coloured lights. These lights flickered continuously like traffic
lights which have gone mad. Sparks were emitted from small black boxes and red lamps flashed on and off angrily. It was rather
like an exhibition of prehistoric electronic equipment. These Peculiar forms not only seemed designed to shock people
emotionally, but to give them electric shocks as well!
be packed with...