It has been said that everyone lives by selling something. In the light of this statement, teachers live by selling knowledge,
philosophers by selling wisdom and priests by selling spiritual comfort. Though it may be possible to measure the value of
material goods in terms of money, it is extremely difficult to estimate the true value of the services which people perform for us.
There are times when we would willingly give everything we possess to save our lives, yet we might grudge paying a surgeon a
high fee for offering us precisely this service. The conditions of society are such that skills have to be paid for in the same way
that goods are paid for at a shop. Everyone has something to sell.
Tramps seem to be the only exception to this general rule. Beggars almost sell themselves as human beings to arouse the pity of
passers-by. But real tramps are not beggars. They have nothing to sell and require nothing from others. In seeking independence,
they do not sacrifice their human dignity. A tramp may ask you for money, but he will never ask you to feel sorry for him. He has
deliberately chosen to lead the life he leads and is fully aware of the consequences. He may never be sure where the next meal is
coming from, but he is free from the thousands of anxieties which afflict other people. His few material possession make it
possible for him to move from place to place with ease. By having to sleep in the open, he gets far closer to the world of nature
than most of us ever do. He may hunt, beg, or steal occasionally to keep himself alive; he may even in times of real need, do a
little work; but he will never sacrifice his freedom We often speak of tramps with contempt and put them in the same class as
beggars, but how many of us can honestly say that we have not felt a little envious of their simple way of life and their freedom
二、【New words and expressions】生词和短语
●philosopher n. 哲学家
●wisdom n. 智慧
●priest n. 牧师
●spiritual adj. 精神上的
●grudge v. 不愿给，舍不得给
●surgeon n. 外科大夫
●passer-by (复数passers-by ) n. 过路人
●dignity n. 尊严
●deliberately adv. 故意地
●consequence n. 后果，结果
●afflict v. 使苦恼，折磨
●ease n. 容易
●nature n. 大自然
●contempt n. 蔑视
●envious adj. 嫉妒的
■philosopher n. 哲学家
■wisdom n. 智慧
cut sb's wisdom teeth 开始懂事了
●priest n. 牧师
■spiritual adj. 精神上的
Eg.:She is a spirited girl.
This is a spirited discussion.
spirituous adj. 含酒精的
■grudge v. 不愿给，舍不得给
■surgeon n. 外科大夫
■passer-by (复数passers-by ) n. 过路人
■dignity n. 尊严
with great dignity
stand / keep on one’s dignity
pocket one’s dignity 放下架子
lose one’s dignity 有失体面
■deliberately adv. 故意地
on purpose: 故意，强调目的性
■consequence n. 后果，结果
in consequence 因此, in consequence of 由于什么的缘故
take the consequence of 承担……的后果
■afflict v. 使苦恼，折磨
afflictive adj. 苦恼的，悲伤的
■ease n. 容易
with ease 轻而易举
at ease, 舒服，宽松
He stayed home at ease.
ill at ease 不自在
put sb. at his ease 不拘束
take one's ease 安下心来
I took my ease to study English here.
■nature n. 大自然
■contempt n. 蔑视
in contempt of 轻视
hold sb. in contempt = look down upon sb.
contemptable adj. 可轻视的，不耻的，卑鄙的
■■■contemptuous adj. 轻视的，傲慢的，轻蔑的
■envious adj. 嫉妒的
It has been said that = it is said that据说
live by: to make enough money to feed oneself：依靠某种职业为生
live on 依靠某种食物维持生命，或靠某人生活
in the light of= according to, taking into account 根据，考虑到
in accordance with: 依据(法律) （更加正式）
in terms of: 按照，就……而言，关于
in respect of
in / with regard to, as regards
there are times when 有时
I grudge wasting time on this.
He grudge paying so much money for such bad food.
In seeking independence
in + 动名词搭配，表示“在……的过程中”
In speeking to him, I found he is stammers.
Eg.: in seeking independence
on + 动名词搭配，表示“一……就……”, 必须注意主语的一致性。
Eg.: On seeing the plane coming towards me, I ……
In crossing the hall, I ...
On entering the hall, I...
be free from 不受……的影响
He’s leading a life free from care and anxieties.
The old lady is never free from paining.这位老太太始终病痛缠身。
free from error
free from anxieties.
make it possible for sb. to do sth.
keep oneself alive 为了生存
Eg.: How many of us can honestly say that we would like to learn Englsh well?
Small boats loaded with wares sped to the great liner as she was entering the harbour. Before she had anchored, the men from
the boats had climbed on board and the decks were soon covered with colourful rugs from Persia, silks from India, copper coffee
pots, and beautiful handmade silverware. It was difficult not to be tempted. Many of the tourists on board had begun bargaining
with the tradesmen, but I decided not to buy anything until I had disembarked.
I had no sooner got off the ship than I was assailed by a man who wanted to sell me a diamond ring. I had no intention of buying
one, but I could not conceal the fact that I was impressed by the size of the diamonds. Some of them were as big as marbles. The
man went to great lengths to prove that the diamonds were real. As we were walking past a shop, he held a diamond firmly
against the window and made a deep impression in the glass. It took me over half an hour to get rid of him.