My cousin, Harry, keeps a large curiously-shaped bottle on permanent display in his study. Despite the fact that the bottle is
tinted a delicate shade of green, an observant visitor would soon notice that it is filled with what looks like a thick, grayish
substance. If you were to ask Harry what was in the bottle, he would tell you that it contained perfumed mud. If you expressed
doubt or surprise, he would immediately invite you to smell it and then to rub some into your skin. This brief experiment would
dispel any further doubts you might have. The bottle really does contain perfumed mud. How Harry came into the possession of
this outlandish stuff makes an interesting story which he is fond of relating. Furthermore, the acquisition of this bottle cured him
of a bad habit he had been developing for years.
Harry used to consider it a great joke to go into expensive cosmetic shops and make outrageous requests for goods that do not
exist. He would invent fanciful names on the spot. On entering a shop, he would ask for a new perfume called 'Scented Shadow '
or for ' insoluble bath cubes'. If a shop assistant told him she had not heard of it, he would pretend to be considerably put out. He
loved to be told that one of his imaginary products was temporarily out of stock and he would faithfully promise to call again at
some future date, but of course he never did. How Harry managed to keep a straight face during these performances is quite
Harry does not need to be prompted to explain how he bought his precious bottle of mud. One day, he went to an exclusive shop
in London and asked for 'Myrolite', the shop assistant looked puzzled and Harry repeated the word, slowly stressing each syllable.
When the woman shook her head in bewilderment, Harry went on to explain that 'myrolite' was a hard, amber-like substance
which could be used to remove freckles. This explanation evidently conveyed something to the woman who searched shelf after
shelf. She produced all sorts of weird concoctions, but none of them met with Harry's requirements. When Harry put on his act of
being mildly annoyed, the assistant promised to order some for him. Intoxicated by his success, Harry then asked for perfumed
mud. He expected the assistant to look at him in blank astonishment. However, it was his turn to be surprised, for the woman's
eyes immediately lit up and she fetched several bottles which she placed on the counter for Harry to inspect. For once, Harry
had to admit defeat. He picked up what seemed to be the smallest bottle and discreetly asked the price. He was glad to get away
with a mere twenty pounds and he beat a hasty retreat, clutching the precious bottle under his arm. From then on, Harry decided
that this little game he had invented might prove to be expensive. The curious bottle, which now adorns the bookcase in his study,
was his first and last purchase of rare cosmetics.
二、【New words and expressions】生词和短语
●permanent adj. 永久的
●tint v. 给……染色
●delicate adj. 淡色的
●shade n. 色度
●observant adj. 观察力敏锐的
●greyish adj. 浅灰色的
●dispel v. 驱散，消除
●outlandish adj. 稀奇古怪的
●acquisition n. 获得
●cosmetic n. 化妆品
●outrageous adj. 无理的，令人不能容忍的
●fanciful adj. 想像出来的
●insoluble adj. 不可溶解的
●prompt v. 敦促，激励
●exclusive adj. 专售高档商品的
●syllable n. 音节
●bewilderment n. 迷惑，糊涂
●freckle n. 雀斑
●evidently adv. 显然的，明显地
●weird adj. 奇异的，古怪的
●concoction n. 调制品
●intoxicate v. 陶醉，得意忘形
●blank adj. 无表情的，茫然的
●discreetly adv. 谨慎地
●clutch v. 抓住
●adorn v. 装饰，打扮
◆permanent adj. 永久的
permanent job / house
◆tint v. 给……染色
tint the paper yellow 把纸染成黄色 （双宾语）
◆delicate adj. 淡色的
Eg: I like the delicate dress. 我喜欢淡颜色，比较雅致的裙子。
◆shade n. 色度
in the shade 在荫凉处
in the shady street 在有荫凉的街道上
in the shady spot 在有荫凉的地方
◆◆observant adj. 观察力敏锐的
◆greyish adj. 浅灰色的
◆dispel v. 驱散，消除
◆outlandish adj. 稀奇古怪的
strange and unpleasant
weird: strange and unnatural
difficult to understand
◆◆◆acquisition n. 获得
acquisition: the act of acquiring
Eg: He devotes his time to the acquisition of knowledge.他把全部的精力都用在知识的获得上。
the acquisition of sth. (通常形式)
Eg: Acquiring confidence is essential.
The acquisition of confidence is essential.
The acqisition of skills is necessary in the modern society.
the acquisition / acquirement of knowledge 知识的获得
the acquisition of money 金钱的获得
Eg:The acquisition of money is what a large number of people run after.
◆cosmetic n. 化妆品
◆outrageous adj. 无理的，令人不能容忍的
He found my offer outrageous
◆fanciful adj. 想像出来的
◆insoluble adj. 不可溶解的
◆◆◆prompt v. 敦促，激励
vt. urge sb. to do sth.
persuade sb. to do sth.
prompt sb. to do
Eg: What prompted him to be so generous.
Our discussion prompted some questions. 我们的讨论引出了几个问题。
lead to; cause; result in;
Eg: What prompts you to study English so hard?
take measure 采取措施
Eg: He took a prompt measure. 他作出了一个果断的决定。
He made a prompt decision.
Eg: His rise to fame was swift.
The car is going fast.
The car is going swiftly.
He made rapid / swift progress.
rapid 迅速的 （某事发生的速度快）
rapid recovery 快速康复
Eg: He is still young, so his recovery is rapid.
don’t do it in such a speedy way.
more haste less speed. 欲速则不达
Eg: Sometimes we make a decision hastily.
Sometimes we make a decision in a haste way.
◆exclusive adj. 专售高档商品的
◆syllable n. 音节
◆bewilderment n. 迷惑，糊涂
bewilder : puzzle
Eg: Your question puzzled me.
Eg: Yesterday I went shopping, but countless beautiful dresses bewildered me.
◆freckle n. 雀斑
◆evidently adv. 显然的，明显地
Eg: She is evident at party.
in evidence 相当于evident, 也相当于evidently
◆weird adj. 奇异的，古怪的
◆concoction n. 调制品
◆intoxicate v. 陶醉，得意忘形
excite greatly beyond self-control
be intoxicated by
be intoxicated with
Eg: When we pass out important examinations, we are intoxiacated with our success.
Eg: If you drink too much whiskey, you will get intoxicated.
Eg: He failed in his examination, but he was intoxicated with that, and his intoxication was beyond my understanding.
◆blank adj. 无表情的，茫然的
◆discreetly adv. 谨慎地
discreet ==careful in speech and action
Eg: He’s discreet in giving his opinion.
He’s discreet in airing his views.
When you have to make a big decision, particularly in front of a large number of people, you must be discreet.
be discreet in doing sth.
careful 细心的 （不表示谨慎）
Eg: Whatever we do, we must be careful.
Be careful, a car is rushing towards you.
cautious 谨慎的 （既表示细心，又表示谨慎）
Eg: He is a cautious person, so whatever he does, he is not only discreet but careful as well.
considerate: 考虑周到的，细心的 （thoughtful）
Eg: You will live easily if you have a considerate friend with you.
Eg: You must make a prudent decision.
discreet / careful / cautious / considerate / prudent
◆clutch v. 抓住
◆adorn v. 装饰，打扮
well decorated walls 装饰得很漂亮的墙壁
Eg: We adorn our rooms with flowers.
Eg: Newly weds embark on the task of decorating their new house.新婚夫妇忙着装修自己的新房子。
Eg: He adoned his story with all sorts of adventures that never happened.
She adorned her dress with a lace.
ornament v. 增添细节或装饰物
Eg: The dress is ornamented / adorned with lace.
a woman adorned in jewelry and fur 一位珠光宝气、穿着皮衣的妇女
in jeans 穿着牛仔裤
in jewelry 佩戴首饰
in fur 穿着裘皮大衣
a miss adorned in mink coat 一位穿着貂皮大衣的小姐
a beautifully adorned room
come into the possession of sth. 获得的过程
Eg: How harry married his beautiful wife makes an interesting story. 哈里是怎么样娶了这样一位漂亮的妻子还有一段有趣
he is fond of relating == he is fond of talking about
stuff==material == substance
furthermore == what is more == moreover
a beautifully decorated house
keep sth. on permanent display
wine bottles of all shapes and sizes
despite the fact that 尽管事实如此
in spite of the fact that
used to 过去常常而现在不
Eg: He would often have clas in the morning.
if you should 和 if you were to 可以互换
should + 动词原形 可能性大
were to + 动词原形 可能性极小
If you expressed doubt or surprise
This brief experiment would dispel any further doubts you might have.
brief: 简单的 simple
How Harry came into the possession of this outlandish stuff makes an interesting story which he is fond of relating.
the acquisition of this bottle cured him of a bad habit he had been developing for years.
own habits by heart 积习难改，本性难移
Harry used to consider it a great joke to go into expensive cosmetic shops and make outrageous requests for goods that do
consider it a great joke to do sth. 把做某事看作是巨大的乐趣
consider it great fun
consider it great amusement
consider it a great joy
He would invent fanciful names on the spot. == He would invent names imaginable on the sopt.
on the sopt 当场，当时
on entering a shop== as soon as he enters a shop
keep a straight face == keep serious
is quite beyond me == is quite beyond my understanding == is quite beyond my imagination
keep sth. on permanent display 永远展示，陈列
Eg: We don’t know how he came into ( the ) possession of the farm.
of his own accord 自然而然地，相当于willingly
pretend to do 装做......
put out == upset == annoy
Eg: He was put out by my rude words.
out of stock 脱销
faithfully permise 信誓旦旦地说
at some future date == some day == one day
exclusive shop: only wealthy people can visit such expensive shop
exclusive right to publish their stories
The school is exclusive.
exclusive shop 专售高档商品的商店
go on to do sth. 继续做别的事情
be used to do 被用来干 ......
be used to doing 习惯于做......
he would pretend to be considerably put out.
he would faithfully promise to call again at some future dateKey sentence:
How Harry managed to keep a straight face during these performances is quite beyond me.
Harry does not need to be prompted to explainKey sentence:
the shop assistant looked puzzled and Harry repeated the word，slowly stressing each syllable.
beat a retreat 溜走
hasty == speedy
This explanation evidently conveyed something to the woman who searched shelf after shelf.
shelf after shelf == one shelf after another
produced == showed
He produced a cigaret to me. 他拿出了一颗烟给我。
She produced all sorts of weird concoctions, but none of them met with Harry's requirements.
meet with sb’s requirments / need 满足某人的需要
requirments == demands
When Harry put on his act of being mildly annoyed
put on his act of doing 装模作样
put on == pretend
Eg: She said that she felt ill, but she was just putting it on.
He put on the act of understanding me / what I said. 他装出理解我的话的样子。
He pretends to be wealthy.
He put on an act of being wealthy.
Intoxicated by his success, Harry then asked for perfumed mud.
in blank astonishment 茫然惊奇地
surprised == amazed 惊奇地
Eg: The custom officer’s face lit up as soon as he saw the tiny bottle on the bottom of my suitcase.
inspect ==choose == select
admit defeat == take a beating 认输
My aunt Harriet found piles of bottles of all shapes and sizes in what had been Bessie’s wordrobe.
what was in those days enlighted policy 当时所谓的开明政策
seemed to be == looked like
However, it was his turn to be surprised, for the woman's eyes immediately lit up and she fetched several bottles which
she placed on the counter for Harry to inspect.
He was glad to get away with a mere twenty pounds and he beat a hasty retreat,
Eg: He left the shop as quickly as possible.
Eg: I got away with pricious chalk marks on my luggage. pay the price 付出代价
‘The curious bottle, which now adorns the bookcase in his study, was his first and last purchase of rare cosmetics.’
Eg: The girl studies English well who lives in my neighbourhood.
The girl, who lives in my neighbourhood, studies English well.
admit defeat 认输
beat a hasty retreat 匆忙溜掉
stress each syllable 加强音节
in blank astonishment
The Scandinavian countries are much admired all over the world for their enlightened social policies. Sweden has evolved an
excellent system for protecting the individual citizen from high-handed or incompetent public officers. The system has worked so
well, that it has been adopted in other countries too.
The Swedes were the first to recognize that public official like civil servants, police officers, health inspectors or tax-collectors
can make mistakes or act over-zealously in the belief that they are serving the public. As long ago as 1809, the Swedish
Parliament introduced a scheme to safeguard the interest of the individual. A parliamentary committee representing all political
parties appoints a person who is suitably qualified to investigate private grievances against the State. The official title of the
person is 'Justiteombudsman', but the Swedes commonly refer to him as the 'J.O.' or 'Ombudsman'. The Ombudsman is not
subject to political pressure. He investigates complaints large and small that come to him from all levels of society. As complaints
must be made in writing, the Ombudsman receives an average of 1,200 letters a year. He has eight lawyer assistants to help him
and examines every single letter in detail. There is nothing secretive about the Ombudsman's work, for his correspondence is
open to public inspection. If a citizen's complaint is justified, the Ombudsman will act on his behalf. The action he takes varies
according to the nature of the complaint. He may gently reprimand an official or even suggest to parliament that a law the
altered. The following case is a typical example of the Ombudsman's work.
A foreigner living in a Swedish village wrote to the Ombudsman complaining that he had been ill-treated by the police, simply
because he was a foreigner. The Ombudsman immediately wrote to the Chief of Police in the district asking him to send a record
of the case. There was nothing in the record to show that the foreigner's complaint was justified and the Chief of Police strongly
denied the accusation. It was impossible for the Ombudsman to take action, but when he received a similar complaint from
another foreigner in the same village, he immediately sent one of his layers to investigate the matter. The lawyer ascertained that
a policeman had indeed dealt roughly with foreigners on several occasions. The fact that the policeman was prejudiced against
foreigners could not be recorded in the official files. It was only possible for the Ombudsman to find this out by sending one of his
representatives to check the facts. The policeman in question was severely reprimanded and was informed that if any further
complaints were lodged against him, he would be prosecuted. The Ombudsman's prompt action at once put an end to an
unpleasant practice which might have gone unnoticed.