Boxing matches were very popular in England two hundred years ago. In those days, boxers fought with bare fists for Prize
money. Because of this, they were known as 'prizefighters'. However, boxing was very crude, for there were no rules and a
prizefighter could be seriously injured or even killed during a match.
One of the most colourful figures in boxing history was Daniel Mendoza who was born in 1764. The use of gloves was not
introduced until 1860 when the Marquis of Queensberry drew up the first set of rules. Though he was technically a prizefighter,
Mendoza did much to change crude prizefighting into a sport, for he brought science to the game. In his day, Mendoza enjoyed
tremendous popularity. He was adored by rich and poor alike.
Mendoza rose to fame swiftly after a boxing match when he was only fourteen years old. This attracted the attention of Richard
Humphries who was then the most eminent boxer in England. He offered to train Mendoza and his young pupil was quick to
learn. In fact, Mendoza soon became so successful that Humphries turned against him. The two men quarrelled bitterly and it
was clear that the argument could only be settled by a fight. A match was held at Stilton where both men fought for an hour. The
public bet a great deal of money on Mendoza, but he was defeated. Mendoza met Humphries in the ring on a later occasion and
he lost for a second time. It was not until his third match in 1790 that he finally beat Humphries and became Champion of
England. Meanwhile, he founded a highly successful Academy and even Lord Byron became one of his pupils. He earned
enormous sums of money and was paid as much as &100 for a single appearance. Despite this, he was so extravagant that he
was always in debt. After he was defeated by a boxer called Gentleman Jackson, he was quickly forgotten. He was sent to prison
for failing to pay his debts and died in poverty in 1836.