中考英语作文:Should Euthanasia Be Legalized?

所属专题:中考英语作文  来源:沪江中学资源网    要点:中考英语作文  
编辑点评: 英语写作体现了一个学生的英语水平。提高学生的英语作文水平,不是一蹴而就的,需要循序渐进的训练。着手写文章时,要注意人称时态,句子结构等变化,同时也要注重文章内容间的逻辑联系。

Directions: For this part you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Should Euthanasia Be Legalized? You should write no less than 150 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

1、有的人赞成实行安乐死

2、有的人反对安乐死合法化

3、我的看法。

范文:

Euthanasia, a quiet and easy death, or “mercy killing” as we call it recently has made the headlines frequently. Many people applaud it and argue that euthanasia should be legalized.

As is pointed out, to practise euthanasia can benefit both the patient and his family. To a terminally ill person who is suffering excruciating pains day and night or living “like a vegetable”, to be allowed to end his life painlessly is a good release. To his family it is also a big relief considering the financial and emotional drain on them that having to sustain his life entails. However, the legalization of euthanasia may also bring with it problems our society has not previously faced. Is it humane, for example, that a terminally ill patient is thus caused to feel guilty for remaining alive because he does not want to die? Is it wise that a patient is killed alive simply because of a mistaken terminal diagnosis? And is it possible that euthanasia could be taken advantage of for some ulterior or even criminal purposes?

Since the legalization of euthanasia will raise serious moral and social issues, the decision our society makes about euthanasia will undoubtedly have tremendous consequences in society.

单词:

1. euthanasia:adj. 安乐死

2. mercy:n. 仁慈,宽容;怜悯;幸运;善行

3. headline:n. 大标题;内容提要;栏外标题;头版头条新闻

4. applaud:vt. 赞同;称赞;向…喝采

5. legalized:adj. 合法的

6. benefit:vt. 有益于,对…有益

7. terminally:adv. 处于末期症状上

8. excruciating:adj. 折磨人的;使苦恼的

9. painlessly:adv. 无痛苦地,不费力地

10. relief:n. 减轻,解除;安慰

11. drain:n. 消耗

12. sustain:vt. 维持

13. legalization :n. [法] 合法化;法律认可

14. guilty:adj. 有罪的;内疚的

15. diagnosis:n. 诊断

16. ulterior:adj. 隐秘不明的

17. criminal:adj. 刑事的;犯罪的;罪恶的

18. purpose:n. 目的;用途

19. moral:adj. 道德的

20. issue:n. 问题

21. undoubtedly:adv. 确实地,无庸置疑地

22. tremendous:adj. 极大的,巨大的;惊人的

23. consequence:n. 结果

词组:

1. point out:指出

2. day and night:日以继夜

3. like a vegetable:像一个植物人

4. be allowed to do sth.:被允许做某事

5. take advantage of:利用

句子分析:

To a terminally ill person who is suffering excruciating pains day and night or living “like a vegetable”, to be allowed to end his life painlessly is a good release.
1)who is suffering excruciating pains day and night or living “like a vegetable”做定语修饰a terminally ill person
2)to be allowed to end his life painlessly为整句句子的主语,his life指的是a terminally ill person’s life,所以整句句子的中心意思在最后,即:to be allowed to end his life painlessly is a good release。

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