中考单词易错点解析:Reward and Award

所属专题:初中英语单词  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:中考单词易错点解析  
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Reward

 a thing that you are given because you have done something good, worked hard, etc 回报,报答;奖赏,奖励 [名词]

1. She deserves a reward for her efforts.

她积极努力,应得到奖赏。

2. He was given a reward for passing the examination.

他因考试及格而得到奖品。

3. Many students today don’t understand that learning is its own reward.

现在许多学生不明白:学习本身就是回报。

 to give something to somebody because they have done something good, worked hard, etc 报答,酬谢;奖励,奖赏 [动词] 

1. How can I reward you for your kindness?

我怎样才能报答你的好意呢?

2. I wish I could reward you someday.

我希望有一天能够报答你。

3. His parents bought a bike to reward him for passing the exams.

他的父母买了一辆自行车给他,奖励他考试及格。

Award

 a prize such as money, etc. for something that somebody has done 奖,奖品,奖金 [名词]

1. After many years of hard work, he won the award in the end.

经过许多年的努力,他最后终于获得了大奖。

2. It is the hightest award a producer can receive.

这是一个制片人所能获得的最高奖项。

3. If your answer is correct, you’ll have a chance winning an award.

如果您答对了,就有机会赢取奖品。

 to make an official decision to give something to somebody as a payment, prize, etc 授予,奖励 [动词]

1. The champion was awarded the gold medal.

冠军被授予了金牌。

2. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

他荣获诺贝尔和平奖。

3. The judges awarded him the first prize.

评委授予他一等奖。

【注意】

award与reward是一组近义词,请注意它们词义的区别。

用作名词时:

(1)award表示”奖品”, ”奖金”,尤指因作出杰出贡献而获奖。

(2)reward表示”奖赏”, ”酬谢”, ”报答”,尤指因工作努力或做了好事而得到回报。

用作动词时:

(1)award表示”授予”, “颁发”,侧重于因某人作出贡献而奖励。

(2)reward表示”报答”, “奖励”,侧重于因某人做了好事而报答或因工作努力而奖励。

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