中考英语专题复习资料:交际用语讲解和训练

所属专题:中考英语复习资料  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:中考英语复习资料  
编辑点评: 在中考英语中,我们需要复习的内容很多,因此我们一定要跟上老师的复习步骤,平时利用课余时间针对自己的薄弱环节进行加强。本文对中考中常见交际用语进行了系统的知识讲解并有训练题供大家练习。

【考点扫描】
近年来的中考试题中,对日常交际用语的考查比重越来越大。涉及到在各种情景下的问和答;涉及到英语国家的文化习俗;涉及到口语和书面表达。考查的形式有听力理解,有补全对话,有单项选择,有情景反应,有书面表达。
【名师精讲】
初中阶段要掌握的30个日常交际项目是:
1.问候  Greetings
a.Good morning/afternoon/evening.
Hello/Hi.
How are you?
b.Fine, thank you, And you?
Very well, thank you.
2.介绍  Introductions
a.This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Comrade….
b.How do you do?
Nice/Glad to see/meet you.
c.My name is….
I’m a student/worker etc.(here).
3.告别  Farewells
a.I think it’s time for to leave now.
b.Goodbye! (Bye-bye! Bye!)
See you later/tomorrow. (See you.)
Good night.
4.打电话  Making telephone calls
a.Hello! May I speak to …?
Is that… (speaking)?
b.Hold on, please.
He/She isn’t here right now.
Can I take a message for you?
c.I called to tell/ask you…
d.Goodbye.
5.感谢和应答  Thanks and responses
a.Thank you (very much).
Thanks a lot.
Many thanks.
Thanks for…
b.Not at all.
That’s all right.
You’re welcome.
6.祝愿,祝贺和应答  Good wishes, congratulations, responses
a.Good luck!
Best wishes to you.
Have a nice/good time.
Congratulations!
c.Thank you.
d.Happy New Year!
Merry Christmas!
Happy birthday to you.
e.The same to you.
7.意愿  Intentions
I’m going to…
I will...
I’d like to…
I want/hope to…
8.道歉和应答  Apologies and responses
a.I’m sorry. (Sorry.)
I’m sorry for/about…
Excuse me.
b.That’s all right.
It doesn’t matter.
That’s nothing.

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