中考英语专题复习资料:补全对话讲解和训练

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编辑点评: 在中考英语中,我们需要复习的内容很多,因此我们一定要跟上老师的复习步骤,平时利用课余时间针对自己的薄弱环节进行加强。本文对中考中常见题型补全对话的解题技巧和方法进行了详细介绍,供同学们参考。

【考点扫描】
补全对话是以书面形式考查考生英语口头交际能力和逻辑思维能力的一种题型。该题给考生三段对话,每段对话挖去3-4个句子,让考生把挖去的句子补全。考查点主要是:
1. 情景会话能力;
2. 逻辑思维能力;
【名师解难】
补全对话命题的范围集中在初中阶段学习过的30个交际项目。因此牢固掌握着30个交际项目所包括的各种句型,习惯用语是至关重要的。除此而外,我们还要做到下面几点:
1. 通读对话全文,摸清对话发生的地点、时间,人物的身份,对话的内容。
2. 理清上下句的逻辑关系,使你填入的话和整篇对话文理通顺,融为一体;
3. 符合说英语国家人的习惯,不要按中国人的习惯去应答。
4. 注意空白处的标点。是问号就应填问句;是句号,就应填陈述句。
【中考范例】
请看2004年陕西省中考试题:
VI. 补全对话(共10空,每空1.5分,计15分)
根据下面对话中的情景,在每空中填入一个适当的语句,使对话恢复完整。
(A)
A: Good afternoon, John!
B: 1______________, Li Wei.
A: I hear you are going to Kunming for a winter holiday.
B: Yes, I’ll go next week.
A: 2____________________________?
B: It’s neither too cold nor too hot. It’s warm there.
A: 3____________________________________.
B: Thank you.
【解析】这段对话发生在John和Li Wei之间。Li Wei 向John问下午好,按照说英语国家人的习惯,John也应该回答下午好,所以第1个空应填:Good afternoon。第二个空的下一句是回答昆明地天气情况,因此我们可以推断,第2个空应该是询问昆明的天气,应填:What’s the weather like in Kunming? / How is the weather there? 从第3个空的答语Thank you,我们可以推断对方一定是说了祝愿的话。所以这个空可以填:Have a good time./ Have a good journey./ I’m sure you will have a good time.
(B)
A: Hi, Peter! How are you today?
B: 4__________________________________. And you?
A: I’m OK. Are you free tomorrow?
B: 5__________________________________?
A: We’re going to the park. 6____________________?
B: Of course. I’d like to go with you. 7___________________?
A: We are going to meet at the school gate at one o’clock. Please be there on time.
B: OK. Thank you.
【解析】这段对话写的是两个熟人见面互相问候并相约去公园的事。第4个空应该是回答对方的问话How are you today?的答语,所以应是:Fine, (I’m fine.) thank you. 第5个空紧接问句Are you free tomorrow? 根据整个谈话的内容判断:应回答Yes, why?/ Yes, what’s up? 第6个空是个问句,因为句末是问号,其答语是:Of course. I’d like to go with you. 由此我们判断,对方是在邀请和他一起到公园去,因此,此空应填:Would you like to go with us?/ Will you go with us? 第7个空又是一个问句,其答语是:We are going to meet at the school gate at one o’clock. Please be there on time. 由此我们判断对方问的是见面的时间和地点,所以应填:When and where are we going to meet?/ When and where shall we meet?

(C)
A: Dad. I can’t find my socks. 8__________________?
B: Let me see. Are they white?
A: Yes. 9______________________?
B: I saw them in our sitting-room just now. You may go and get them.
A: Oh! Here they are!
B: You should put your things away.
A: 10____________________________________.
【解析】这是父子(女)之间的一段谈话。谈话的内容地找东西。第8个空是个问句,而且空前的句子是Dad. I can’t find my socks. 由此,我们判断:儿子(女儿)是想问父亲见到没有,英语应该是:Have you seen them? 当父亲问他是不是白色的时候,他回答Yes. 既然父亲知道是白色的,那就肯定见到过,因此第9个空应填儿子(女儿)的问话:你在什麽地方见到的?英语就是:Where did you see them?/ Where are they? 第10个空的前面一句是父亲教训他的话,那末紧接着他应该表示接受。英语就是:Yes, I will./ OK, I will. / OK, I won’t do that again.
【满分演练】
(1)
A: Hi, Bill! You’re reading the novel again.
B: Yes, Tom. I’ll never be tired of it.
A: 1____________________________________?
B: Three times. Every time I read it, I can always learn something new.
A: Really? 2__________________________________________________?
B: Charles Dickens. I think he is a great English writer. What about you?
A: 3__________________________________________. He is also my favorite foreign writer. Please let me have a look at it.
B: OK, here you are! What do you think of this novel?
A: 4__________________________________. I haven’t seen such a novel for long. Where did you buy it?
B: In the Rose Bookshop.
A: I don’t know where it is. 5______________________________________?
B: No. Only 10 minutes walk from here, next to the People’s Cinema.
A: Oh, I see. I’m going there to get one, too. Thank you!
B: You’re welcome!

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