中考英语专题复习资料:短语(4)

所属专题:中考英语复习资料  来源:沪江中学学科网    要点:中考英语复习资料  
编辑点评: 中考复习时,由于要复习三年所学的所有知识,这么大的任务量,如果完全看课本是时间所不允许的。因此我们需要一份复习资料来辅助我们的复习。本文是一篇中考英语中常考短语的复习资料,仅供同学们在复习时使用。

154 introduce sb to sb  介绍某人给某人   introduce oneself  自我介绍
155 invite sb to do sth  邀请某人做某事
156 It takes sb sometime to do sth    做某人花掉某人多少时间     
   eg : It took me 5 minutes to do my homework     It takes me half an hour to cook
157 It's +adj +for sb to do sth      对某人来说做某事怎么样
158 It's +adj +to do 做某事怎么样
159 It's +adj for sb   对于某人来说怎么样      It's  +adj  of  sb   对某人来说太怎么样
160 It's +adj(for sb) to do(对某人来说) 做某事怎么样          It's +adj of sb to do sth  对某人来说做某事太怎么样   
     eg : It's nice of you to help me with my English   
161 It's a good idea for sb to do sth  对……  来说是个好主意
162 It's important to sb 对某人来说很重要   eg: It's important to me
163 It's time to do sth     It's time for sth   到了该去做某事的时间   
     eg : It's time to have class       It's time for class   该去上课了
164 join = take part in   参加
165 just now  刚才
166 keep +sb /sth +adj /介词短语     让什么保持什么样?
167 keep out    不让 …… 进入
168 keep sb adj  让……保持…… eg: I want to keep my mother happy   keep healthy  保持健康  
169 key to +名词    表示:某物的钥匙或某题的答案
170 key to…     anser  to …              key   可以是答题或钥匙
171 laugh at… 取笑……        eg : Don't langh at others     We langhed at the joke    
172 learn by oneslfe  自学
173 learn from sb  向某人学习  eg: We should learn from Lei Feng
174 learn to do sth   学做某事    
175 let sb do sth  让某人做某事
176 Let sb down  让某人失望  eg : We shouldn't let our farents down  我们不应该让我们的父母失望
177 live from :离某地远  
178 live in +大地方 /at +小地方      居住在某地    eg: I live in LuZhou   She lives at XuanTan
179 look after = take care of   照顾 照看
180 lose one's way     谁 迷 路     eg : Lose your way   你迷路
181 make a decision to do sth     决定做某事
182 make friends with sb   和谁成为朋友    eg :  I want to make friends with you  
183 make it early  把时间定的早一点
184 make on exhibition of oneself  让某人出洋相
185 make sb /n +n  使什么成为什么    eg  : I made her my step moller      I made you my wife     
186 make sb /sth +adj   使某人(某物)怎么样   eg :  You must made your bed clean   
187 make sb /sth adj    使某人/某物怎么样
188 make sb do sth  让某人做某事  eg : I made him write
我以前让他写
189 make up      be made up of (被动语态)由……组成
190 make…difference  to…
191 mind sb to do     mind one's doing  介意……做什么   
192 most +名        most of +代      
193 much too +形容词
194 must be  一定
195 need +名词
196 need sb do sth     需要某人做某事
197 need to do (实义动词)    need do (情态动词)
198 no /neithr of hate to do          no /neithr of hate doing     
199 no +名词
200 not anymore = no more    再也不……   eg: He didn't cry any more     He cried no more    他再也不哭
201 not… (形 、副)at all      eg: He's not tall at all    she doesn't junp far at all   
202 not…at all 一点都不
203 not…either   表否定,也不  eg : I don't japanse either   I don't have sister, either    我也没有姐姐
204 not…until       直到……才……   
    eg:  I didn't sleep until my mother came back      The child didn't stop crying until I give her sugar   
205 offer / provide sb with sth  给某人提供
206 offer sb sth ( offer sth to sb   提供什么东西给某人  eg : I offer you water (I offer water to you   我给你提供水
207 on one's way to…  在谁去那的路上
208 on the one hand   一方面       on the other hand    另一方面
209 on the phone = over the phone   用电话交谈
210 on time 准时   in time  及时
211 one day =some day =someday    一天,有一天
212 one of +可数名词的复数形式
213 one to another  一个到另一个    
214 over and over agin   一遍又一遍的    eg : He cleaned the floor over and over agin    
215 part-time job   兼职工作     fall-time job  全职工作
216 pay for…  付……钱           pay the bill  开钱  ,付钱
217 please +do   
218 please help yourself
219 pleased with sb    
220 pool into = pore into
221 practice +doing     练习做某事
222 prefer sth to sth  相对……更喜欢……   eg : I prefer physics to chemisty 在物理和化学中,我更喜欢物理        
prefer doing to sth  更喜欢去做…不愿意去做…  eg: He prefers riding a bike to diving  他更喜欢骑自行车,不开小车
prefer to do sth rather than do sth  宁愿做…也不愿
   eg:  My unde prefers to buy a now car rather than repaiv the used one  我叔叔更喜欢买新的车,也不去修旧车
prefer sb not to do sth  更愿意…   eg: I prefer her not to come  我不喜欢她不来
223 pretend to do sth  装着去做什么  pretend that  从句       
   eg : The two cheats pretended to be working very hard  这两个骗子装着努力工作
          He pretended that he did not know the answer  他装着不知道答案
224 rather…than  宁可……也不……  eg : I would rather be a doctor than a teacher  我愿肯当医生,也不当老师
                                         He likes dogs rather than cats  他喜欢狗,不喜欢猫
225 regard…as    把……当作……       
    eg: Please give my best regards to your family   请带我向你的家人我最好的问候    
          I regard you as my friend   我把你当作我的朋友  
          He shows little regard for others   他不爱关心别人
226 remid sb about sth  提醒某人什么事   remid sb to do sth  提醒某人做某事  
    eg : he remids me about cooking (he remids me to cook   他提醒我做饭
227 remid sb of sth 使某人想起什么    
 eg : the pictures remind me of my school days  这照片使我想起了我的学校  
       the words that (which) the teacher talke to remind me of my mother
228 return sth to sb  还什么东西给某人
229 say to oneself   对自己说
230 say to sb 对某人说
231 sb spend somemoney on sth  花了多少钱在某事上
232 sb spend sometime with sb   花了多少时间陪谁
233 sb spend sometime(in) doing sth   花了多少时间做某事
234 sb with sb +is     sb and sb +are  
235 see sb do   看见某人做过某事     see sb doing    看见某人正在做某事
236 seem to do/be +adj  显得怎么样    eg :  You seem to be tired       You seem to be happy   
237 send +sb sth   送给某人某物
238 send…to…把什么寄到哪里去?
239 shock 使……震惊  eg : Oh , It's only you ! You give me a shock  啊,是你呀!吓我一跳
240 show sb sth  向某人展示某物     eg : I show her the book.
241 show sb sth = show sth to sb  拿什么东西给某人看  eg:  Show me your pen     Show your pen to me    
242 show sth to sb 向某人展示某物   eg : I show the book to her.
243 some…others…   一些……另一些……
244 start…with…  从……开始           begin…with…  从……开始
245 stay away from  远离……      
     eg : We're told to stay away from the animals whe visiting the zoo  当我们参观zoo 时,我们要远离动物
         If you want to lose weight you'd better stay auay from the sweet food  徒工你想减肥,你最好远离甜食
246 stop doing 停下正在做的事
247 stop sb from doing sth  阻止某人做某事
248 stop sb(from) doing    阻止某人做某事
249 stop to do 停下正在做的事去做下一件事
250 such +名     这样  ,这种
251 suit sb  适合某人
252 surprise sb   使某人惊奇      to one's surprise  令某人惊奇
253 take classes  上课
254 take sb to 把某人带去   eg : I take you to the hospital
255 take walks = take a walk = go for a walk  散步
256 ①talk to 对谁说  eg : I talk to you             ② talk with  和谁说  eg : I talk with him    
③ talk of   谈到   eg : we talked of you      ④ talk  about  谈论关于……
257 talk with sb  和某人说话
258 teach sb sth    教某人做某事
259 tell sb do sth 告诉某人做某事
260 tell sb sth      tell sb that 丛句       tell sb not to do sth         tell a story      
261 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事
262 tell sb to do sth   告诉某人做什么       tell sb not to do sth    告诉某人不要做什么
263 tell…from…
264 thank you for +doing
265 the same +名词(doing)+as……
266 the same…(名)…as               as…(adj adv)…as  相同   
267 the way to do sth = the way of doing sth   做某方面 的方法     the way to +地方  去哪的路        
     e g :  Do  you know the way to learn English         Do you know the way of learning English   
268 the way to…(地点)  到哪的路
269 too…to…  太怎样而不能……      adj +enough to 足够…能…      so…that +丛句   太…  所以…      
     eg: He is too young to go to school  =  He is so young that he can't go to school   
       He is old enough to go to school  = He is so old that he can go to school  
270 transalte ……into……  把什么翻译成什么  eg : Trasalte English into chinese  
271 travel with sb  和某人去旅游
272 try one's best to do sth  尽某人最大的努力去做某事  eg: I will try my best to learn English well  
273 try to do sth  想干什么,但没成功   try doing sth  想干什么,已经做过了  
     eg :He tried to climb  他想爬上去,但没成功   He tried climbing  他想爬上去
274 try…试衣服           have a try   试一下
275 turn down 开小 ←→ turn up  开大
276 turn off 关上 ←→  turn on 打开       open  拆开
277 upside down  倒着
278 visit to…  参观某个地方
279 wait for sb   等某人
280 wait for sb to do sth  等某人做什么   wait for sb  等某人   wait for sometime  等多少时间   
   eg : Would you please wait for me to get ready  等我准备好,好吗?
          Let's wait for the rain to stop  让我们等雨停吧
281 wake sb up   把某人叫醒
282 want to do sth 想做某事
283 watch sb do sth    观看某人做某事
284 welcome to +…(地方)    欢迎到……
285 what about +n /doing   eg : what about an apple   
286 what if  如果……怎么办    What if +句子    
     eg : What if it is true ? 如果是真的怎么办?
        What if aliens should come to the earth 假如外星人来到地球怎么办?
287 what they will do = what to do  
288 What's the matter ? = What's the trouble ? = What's wrong ?  有什么困难?
289 while +延续性动词
290 why don't you do = why not do       
291 will you please do      will you please not do   
292 with one's best = with the help of sb        在某人的帮助下
293 with the help of sb  在某人的帮助下    with one's help     
294 work at…在某处工作
295 work with sb  和某人一起工作
296 would like sth /to do sth    eg : I would like to go to LuZhou  
297 would you please +do   
298 yet :至今 ,用在否定句中
299 you'd better do 最好做某事 = you'd better not do 最好不要做某事
300 不定式 +v(原)
301 联系动词(taste吃起来/sound听起来/look看起来/semll闻起来)+adj
302 名词、副词、 形容词修饰 enongh 时, 形容词放在之前 , 名词 副词放在之后  
303 太多 too much +不可数     too many +可数             much too 相当于 very ,修饰形容词
304 向宾语提问:Whom
305 向地点提问:Where
306 向方式提问:How
307 向价格和不可数名词提问:How much
308 向可数名词提问:How many
309 向频率提问: How often
310 向时间段提问:How long
311 向时间提问:what time/when
312 向物主代词提问:Whose
313 向职业提问:what do/does……do
314 向主语提问: Who

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